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[LotW] Japanese Lessons
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Chikyuu
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Posted 3/4/08
OOC: Yes... It is...
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F / garland, TX
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Posted 3/6/08
wow this is great! i can finally learn sum JAPANESE!! xD
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Here
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Posted 3/6/08

th3_pow3r_of_thr33 wrote:

wow this is great! i can finally learn sum JAPANESE!! xD


Yeah.... That's great. But it took Arcobaleno forever to type. Thanks to her.
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F / garland, TX
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Posted 3/6/08

Kokuyou wrote:


th3_pow3r_of_thr33 wrote:

wow this is great! i can finally learn sum JAPANESE!! xD


Yeah.... That's great. But it took Arcobaleno forever to type. Thanks to her.


ok..im sorry
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Here
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Posted 3/6/08

th3_pow3r_of_thr33 wrote:



ok..im sorry


No need to apologise. she typed it for everyone anyway.... i'm glad that you learned something from it.
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23 / F / somewhere magical...
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Posted 3/6/08
more japanese words!
anata ni aitaku narimasu-I miss you
wakate-I know
giane-see you later
nani-what?
demo-but
yume-dream
yokata-thank goodness
doshte/naze?-why?
donata-who
hayaku-hurry up
gambatede-gud luck
doko-where
watashi mo iku-i'll go with you
Just tell me if some of them is incorrect=)
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28 / M / living life as i...
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Posted 3/6/08
uhh... just a thought to those who would really want to learn the language? practice the basics first......the grammar....
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Chikyuu
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Posted 3/6/08
Yarrrghhhh! Don't post Random meanings please!!! They(we) need to learn that later! Oh well.... Do as you wish... *sigh*. I know the meanings anyway....
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F / It is within the...
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Posted 3/7/08
Basic japanese....

Wa and Ga

Wa is used to indicate a subject while placing the emphasis on the predicate.
Ga is used to emphasize the subject.

example:

a) Kore wa hon desu
This is a book.

"hon" in the above sentence means book it can be books as well

imasu and arimasu

imasu is used for persons and living things.
Arimasu is used for inanimate things

Examples:

a) Otoko ga imasu

there is a man.

b) Jikan ga Arimasu
there is time.

words for study

wa = particle
ga = particle
arimasu = there is
imasu = there is

Study of Sentence

the order of the sentence in Nippongo shall be:
First, the subject.
Second, the phrase and modifier.
Third, the compliment
Fourth, the verb


examples:

Kore(1) wa hon(2) desu(3)

this is a book

Sore(1) wa inu(2) desu(3)

that is a dog.

words for study:

Kore = this
Sore = that

The Study of five W's

who, what, where, when, and why or the 5 W's in the english language are used in asking questions. the same principles and uses are applied in asking questions in nippongo and the ka is used in place of a question mark.

examples:

1) Kore wa isu desu ka.
Is this a chair?

2) Sore wa kago desu ka.
Is that a basket?

The Five W's as translated to English:

dare or donata = who
nani or nan = what
doko = where
itsu = when
doshite or naze = why

examples in sentences

1) Dare desu ka or Donata desu ka.
who are you?

2) Nan desu ka.
what is it?

3) Doko desu ka.
where is it?

4) Doshite ikimasu ka.
why are you going?

5) Itsu ikimasu ka.
when do you go?


Study of Affirmative and Negative Forms of Verbs


Affirmative

> imasu = there is (for persons)
> arimasu = there is (for things)
> desu = be-verb

Negative

> imasen = there is none (for persons)
> arimasen = there is none (for things)
> dewa arimasen = is not
> nai = there is none
> mai = there is none
> ja nai = is not

examples:

affirmative negative
1) Sore wa hon desu Sore wa hon dewa arimasen
that is a book. that is not a book

2) Sore wa nagai empitsu desu Kono empitsu wa nagaku nai.
that is a long pencil the pencil is not long.

Study of Personal Pronouns:

Personal pronouns have their plural forms. this is an exception to the rule in Nippongo grammar.

singular form

> watakushi or watashi = i
> anata = You
> Kare = He
> Kanojo = She
> Kore, Sore = it

plural form

> watakushi tachi or watashitachi = we
> anata tachi or anata gata = you
> karera, konojora, sorera or arera = they

note:
use no to show possession after the personal pronouns.


examples:



> watashi no = my, mine, myself
> anata no = you, yours
>Anata gata no = your, yours
> Kare no = his
>Kare ni or o = him, himself
> Kanojo no = her, hers
> wareware no = our, ours
>Karera no = their, theirs

these personal pronouns are frequently used in speaking and writing.

examples for the singular

1) watakushi wa gakkoo ni imasu
i am in the school.

2) Kanojo wa watakushi no ane desu
she is my sister

examples for plural

1) Wareware wa uchi ni imasu
we are in the house.

hope this could help.... if there are any typographical errors please inform me for editing...
i'll post about verb, nouns, interrogative pronouns and more after 24 hours or so.. depends in my mood,....
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25 / F / In a fantasy were...
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Posted 3/7/08
my head is getting confuse... im new and it don't get what we are doing in this class...
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22 / F / pHiliPpinEs.....
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Posted 3/7/08
oOoOoooh...............
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Chikyuu
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Posted 3/7/08
Hellloooooooooooooooooooooooo~! WE SHOULD LET THE TEACHER POST SOMETHING LIKE THIS. XP
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Posted 3/7/08
brain freeze..this is so confusing for me~~~~ haha......but i've always wanted to learn japanese....so, gambateh!!!!!!! XD (is that evern right?)
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28 / M / living life as i...
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Posted 3/8/08
ok so since everyone knows the basic greetings il go further in.......
il be giving basic conversations in Romanji and their meanings.
Furthermore, il give the basic explainations relating GRAMMAR.

so lets talk... about the weather..and meeting a long time friend.


Rei: Miraa-san, Shibaraku desu ne.
Mr. Sanchez, it's been a long time.

Dan: Aa, Osagawara-san, kon'nichiwa.
Oh, Mr. Osagawara, hello.

Rei: Ogenki desu ka.
Are you in good spirits? (are you healthy?)

Dan: Hai, genki desu.
Yes, I am.

Rei: Saikin isogashii desu ka.
Have you been busy lately?

Dan: Ee, chotto isogashii desu.
Yes, I am a little busy.

Rei: Kyoo wa ii tenki desu ne.
It's nice weather today, isn't it.

Dan: Hai, demo chotto atsui desu ne.
Yes, but it is a little hot.

Rei: Soo desu ne. Ima Amerika mo atsui desu ka.
So it is. Is it also hot in the United States now?

Dan: Hai, atsui deshoo.
Yes. It is probably hot.

Rei: Amerika no fuyu wa samui desu ka.
Is it cold in the winter in the United States?

Dan: Ee. Watashi wa Shiatoru-umare desu ga, totemo samui desu yo.
Yes. My home is in Seattle, it is very cold.

Vocabulary: (Red would be the Romanji; Blue would be the meaning

shibaraku ----------------------it's been a long time
ne -----------------------(particle used when expecting agreement)
Aa ----------------------Oh!
O-genki ----------------------feeling in good spirits (formal)
genki -----------------------feeling in good spirits (informal)
saikin ----------------------recently
isogashii -----------------------busy
chotto -----------------------a little
kyoo -----------------------today
tenki -----------------------weather
ii -----------------------good
demo -----------------------but
atsui ----------------------- hot
Soo desu ne ---------------------so it is; yes (an expression of agreement)
ima -----------------------now
deshoo (form of desu) ------- it is probably
fuyu ----------------------- winter
samui -----------------------cold
ee -----------------------yes (more information than hai)
totemo ------------------------ very
yo ------------------------(particle used for emphasis)

Grammar

1. Miraa-san, shibaraku desu ne.
The sentence means "Mr. Sanchez, it's been a long time".
Shibaraku is used when two people who know each other meet after not seeing each other for a significant amount of time. Ne is added to the end of the sentence when expecting agreement.


Examples:
Miyamoto-san, shibaraku desu ne.
(Mr. Miyamoto, it's been a long time.)
Sumisu-san, shibaraku desu ne.
(Mr. Smith, it's been a long time.)

2. Ee, chotto isogashii desu. / Ee, totemo isogashii desu.
The first sentence means "Yes, I am a little busy." The second sentence means "Yes, I am very busy."
Chotto is a descriptive that means "a little". It can be added to any adjective to de-emphasize an expression.
Totemo is the opposite; it means "very". It can be added to any adjective to emphasize an expression .

Examples:
Ee, chotto samui des.
(Yes, it is a little cold.)
Ee, totemo samui desu.
(Yes, it is very cold.)

therefore you learn here... a SENTENCE PATTERN

Noun wa Adjective desu

:it is almost the same as the Noun wa Noun desu in the present tense.

3. Kyoo wa ii tenki desu ne.
The sentence above means "The weather is pleasant today."
Kyoo wa is the topic and is used to emphasize that the following sentence refers to this day.
Ii tenki is a frequently used expression in conversation. Usually, comments about the weather immediately follow a greeting.


Examples:
Kyoo wa totemo atsui desu.
(It is very hot today.)
Kyoo wa chotto atsui desu.
(It is a little hot today.)

4. Soo desu ne.
This expression means "So it is", "Yes, it is", or simply "yes".
It is used frequently in conversation to agree. Soo desu ka is a variation meaning "Oh, really?" and is used when the speaker is hearing new information.


Examples:
Suzuki-san wa Kyooto-umare desu ne.
(Mr. Suzuki is from Kyoto, isn't he?)
Soo desu ne.
(Yes, he is. [He refers back to the previous statement.])


5. Ima, America mo atsui desu ka.
This sentence means "Is it also hot in the United States now?"
Ima means "now" and is used often to emphasize an occurrence that is happening at this point in time.


Examples:
Ima, Waataman-san wa daigaku-sei desu.
(Mr. Waterman is a college student now.)
Ima, Doitsu mo samui desu ka.
(Is it also cold in Germany now?)

6. Hai, atsui deshoo.
This sentence means "Yes, it is probably hot".
Deshoo is a variation of desu and means "it is probably". In this sentence, Dan is commenting that he thinks it is hot in the United States now because of past experience. He uses deshoo because he is not positive since he is not there at this moment.


Examples:
Waarasu-san wa Rondon-umare deshoo.
(Mr. Wallace is probably from London.)
Are wa Akutsu-san no kamera deshoo.
(That camera over there is probably Mr. Akutsu's.)

7. Ee, Totemo samui desu yo.
This sentence means "Yes, it is very cold".
The particle yo is used to emphasize a statement. This should be used with caution as sometimes, it may be considered rude or impolite. It should only be used with someone that the speaker knows well. Ee is a more informal way of saying "yes" than hai.


Examples:
Ee, ano hito wa Shaafu-san desu.
(Yes, that person over there is Mr. Shauf.)
Ee, totemo atsui desu, yo.
(Yes, it is very hot.)

DRILLS: PM me for the answers.. (that is if you answer the drill)

A. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words.
1. Suzuki-san, ( ). (It has been a long time.)

2. Saikin ( ) desu ka. (busy).

3. Ee, ( ) desu. (a little busy)

4. Kyoo wa ( ) tenki desu ne. (bad)

5. Amerika ( ) samui desu. (also)

B. Answer the following questions according the question given.
( [b]note: answer in Japanese Romanji and english... i will then see if you got the grammar right)

1. Ogenki desu ka.
2. Saikin isogashii desu ka.
3. Kyoo wa ii tenki desu ne.
4. Amerika mo atsui desu ka.
5. Nihon mo atsui desu ka.

so thats it! its easy!! have fun!

*miyu*









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Chikyuu
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Posted 3/9/08
That's long.... Did you type it or did you copy & pasted it? XD
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