Post Reply Lesson 2. The Study of the Five W's
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30 / F / Deira, Dubai, UAE
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Posted 3/24/08 , edited 3/24/08
Who, what, where, when and why or the 5 W's in the English language are used in asking questions. The same principles and uses are applied in asking questions in Nippongo and the ka is used in place of a question mark.

Examples:

1. Kore wa hon desu ka.
Is this a book?

2. Sore wa neko desu ka.
Is that a cat?

3. Sore wa Jose san desu ka.
Is that Jose?

4. Kore wa uchi desu ka.
Is this a house?

5. Sore wa shoonen desu ka.
Is that a boy?

The 5 W's as translated to English:

1. Who - dare
2. What - nani (nan)
3. Where - doko
4. When - itsu
5. Why - doshite/naze

Examples in Sentences:

1. Dare desu ka or Donata desu ka.
Who are you?

2. Dare desu ka.
Who is it?

3. Nan desu ka.
What is it?

4. Doko desu ka.
Where is it?

5. Kare/Kanoho wa doko ni imasu ka.
Where is he or she?

6. Dooshite kimasu ka.
Why do you come?

7. Itsu kimasu ka/itsu ikimasu ka.
When do you come or When do you go?

Words for study:

basket - kago
room - heya
paper - kami
tree - ki
shoes - kutsu
water - mizu
teacher - sensei
window - mado
orange - mikan
apple - ringo
go - iku (ikimasu/ikimashita)
he - kare
she - kanojo
anata - you

Exercises:
Translate the following Japanese sentences to English. Post your answer only. Your score will be sent to you through private message.

1. Kore wa kago desu ka.
2. Kore wa heya desu ka.
3. Kami wa doko ni arimasu ka.
4. Sore wa ki desu ka.
5. Kutsu wa doko ni arimasu ka.
6. Anata wa doko ni ikimasu ka.
7. Onamae wa nan to iimasu ka.
8. Kare wa dare desu ka.


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25 / F / ☆๑۩۞۩๑♥ Hinamizaw...
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Posted 3/26/08
1.(Kore wa ka"a"go des"-"ka?)-Is this a container/basket?

2.(Ko"no" wa heya"a" des"-"ka?)-Is this a room? [Kono is supposed to be used,as japanese peoples believes that spirit exists even in a room,thats one of the reasons why japanese peoples usually "Greet" their room even if there's nobody else in the room.]


3.(Kami wa doko"-"ni arimas"-"ka?)-Where can i find the paper?/Where could the paper be?


4.(Sore wa ki"e" des"-"ka?)-Is that a tree?

5.(Kutsu wa doko ni arimas"-"ka?)-Where can i find the shoes?/Where could the shoes be?


6.(Anata wa doko ni iki"e"mas"-"ka?)-Where are you going to?/Where are you heading to? [Ikemashta is the past tense of "Iku"."Ikemashta" Means "went" in english.On the other hand,"Ikemas" can be used.Tenses are important in daily speeches as well,try to get their ways.]

7.(Onamae wa nan"-tou" ii mas"-ka"?)-What would your name be?/What would my name be? ["O" is forbidden.This is a shortened way to say Orre,But when it's shortened and complied on the word "Namae",Which turns out to be "Onamae",can carry 2 meanings;Which is "Your" and "My".]

8.(Kare wa dare des"-ka"?)-Who is that boy?

Please keep in mind that the actual spelling of most japanese words in "A,B,C"/"Letter" form doesn't contain the word "su" behind the words,Example:Desu,Arimasu and etc's(They are spelled as "Des" and Arimas").The japanese find it cute to talk that way,and is now widely and commonly used by most of their own generations.This is seriously wrong and are not advised to be practised.I realised that most of the "Japanese Language" Guide Books or products similar to those which are available in bookstores contains almost 75% fake or wrong information.Be aware not to buy products which are published within your country or nation,even though it's written by a japanese.Why? You may ask;It's because,when a data which is written in countries are published in some other countries,some of the contains will be altered and changed.
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27 / F / TOMA's lap
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Posted 9/6/08
1. is this a basket?
2. is this a room?
3. where is the paper?
4. is that a tree?
5. where are the shoes?
6. where are you?
7. what is your name?
8. where is he?

yay! man im poor at this...
hahaha!!! need more practice... ugh...

Posted 9/23/08 , edited 9/23/08

Zealouis wrote:

1.(Kore wa ka"a"go des"-"ka?)-Is this a container/basket?

2.(Ko"no" wa heya"a" des"-"ka?)-Is this a room? [Kono is supposed to be used,as japanese peoples believes that spirit exists even in a room,thats one of the reasons why japanese peoples usually "Greet" their room even if there's nobody else in the room.]


3.(Kami wa doko"-"ni arimas"-"ka?)-Where can i find the paper?/Where could the paper be?


4.(Sore wa ki"e" des"-"ka?)-Is that a tree?

5.(Kutsu wa doko ni arimas"-"ka?)-Where can i find the shoes?/Where could the shoes be?


6.(Anata wa doko ni iki"e"mas"-"ka?)-Where are you going to?/Where are you heading to? [Ikemashta is the past tense of "Iku"."Ikemashta" Means "went" in english.On the other hand,"Ikemas" can be used.Tenses are important in daily speeches as well,try to get their ways.]

7.(Onamae wa nan"-tou" ii mas"-ka"?)-What would your name be?/What would my name be? ["O" is forbidden.This is a shortened way to say Orre,But when it's shortened and complied on the word "Namae",Which turns out to be "Onamae",can carry 2 meanings;Which is "Your" and "My".]

8.(Kare wa dare des"-ka"?)-Who is that boy?

Please keep in mind that the actual spelling of most japanese words in "A,B,C"/"Letter" form doesn't contain the word "su" behind the words,Example:Desu,Arimasu and etc's(They are spelled as "Des" and Arimas").The japanese find it cute to talk that way,and is now widely and commonly used by most of their own generations.This is seriously wrong and are not advised to be practised.I realised that most of the "Japanese Language" Guide Books or products similar to those which are available in bookstores contains almost 75% fake or wrong information.Be aware not to buy products which are published within your country or nation,even though it's written by a japanese.Why? You may ask;It's because,when a data which is written in countries are published in some other countries,some of the contains will be altered and changed.


I agree with what you said, but for the "su" explanation and the corrections of #s 3,4&6 werent necessary, they were already correct but thank you for the explanations for each #. The japanese may or may not pronounce the "u" sound at the end of words like desu and arimasu, but it is how it would be in romaji[japanese but using english letters]. There are japanese characters for "su"["す" "ス"] but not just a plain letter "s" so i think the way they were first written is grammatically correct ^^. I hope you dont take this the wrong way, i really do agree with most of what you said! good job to both posters :]
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20 / F / At the end of the...
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Posted 9/30/08
japanese is the besttttttttt and the country too ^^ hehe..
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30 / M / Under the Weeping...
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Posted 12/3/08 , edited 12/3/08
1. Kore wa kago desu ka. Is this a basket?
2. Kore wa heya desu ka. Is this a room?
3. Kami wa doko ni arimasu ka. Where is the paper?
4. Sore wa ki desu ka. Is that a tree?
5. Kutsu wa doko ni arimasu ka. Where are the shoes?
6. Anata wa doko ni ikimasu ka. Where are you going?
7. Onamae wa nan to iimasu ka. What is your name? (what's with the "to iimasu"??) おなまえはなんですか。
8. Kare wa dare desu ka. Who is he?
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25 / F / indonesia
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Posted 12/15/08

1. Kore wa kago desu ka = is this a basket?
2. Kore wa heya desu ka. = is this a room?
3. Kami wa doko ni arimasu ka = where is the paper?
4. Sore wa ki desu ka = is that a tree?
5. Kutsu wa doko ni arimasu ka = where is the shoes?
6. Anata wa doko ni ikimasu ka = where do you go?
7. Onamae wa nan to iimasu ka = ??? [ what is ur name?]..."iimasu??"
8. Kare wa dare desu ka = who is he?
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F / Home~
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Posted 1/17/09
1.is this a basket?
2.is this a room?
3.where is the paper?
4.is that a tree?
5.where are the shoes?
6.where are you?
7.what is your name?
8.who is he?
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21 / F / Philippines
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Posted 3/20/09
1. Is this a basket?
2. Is this a paper?
3. Where is the paper?
4. Is that a tree?
5. Where are the shoes?
6. Where are you?
7. What is your name?
8. Who is he?
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29 / F / じごく
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Posted 3/20/09
Is this a basket?
Is this a room?
Where is the paper?
Is that a three?
Where is the shoes?
Where are you?
What is your name?(why it use "imasuka")
who is he?
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25 / F / Malaysia
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Posted 5/30/09
1- Is this a basket?
2- Is this a room?
3- Where is the paper?
4- Is that a tree?
5- Where is the shoes?
6- Where do you go?
7- What is your name?
8- Who is he?

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F / USA
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Posted 6/1/09
1. Is this a basket?
2. Is this a room?
3. Where is the paper?
4. Is that a tree?
5. Where are the shoes?
6. Where are you going?
7. What is your name?
8. Who is he?
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F / Somewhere Sleepin...
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Posted 7/17/09
1. Kore wa kago desu ka.
2. Kore wa heya desu ka.
3. Kami wa doko ni arimasu ka.
4. Sore wa ki desu ka.
5. Kutsu wa doko ni arimasu ka.
6. Anata wa doko ni ikimasu ka.
7. Onamae wa nan to iimasu ka.
8. Kare wa dare desu ka.

1. is this a basket?
2. is this a room?
3. where is the paper?
4. is that a tree?
5. where are the shoes?
6. where are you?
7. what is your name ?
8. who is he?
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