Post Reply lesson 3
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Posted 6/18/08 , edited 6/18/08
Some phonological notes

Phonological notes

1. Syllable-final Consonants (받침):

1) Theoretically, any consonant can be in the 받침 (syllable final) position. In reality, ㄸ, ㅉ, and ㅃ are not used as 받침.

2) Some of the consonants merge into one sound when they are in the syllable-final position. Orthographically, however, they remain different. Summarized as follows:





3) These merged sounds regain their original values when they are followed by a zero-initial syllable (i.e. vowel).

각 + 이 (topic/subject marker) = [가기 kagi]
부엌 + 에 (place marker) = [부어케 puo^k`e]
낮 + 에 (temporal marker) = [나제 naje]
낯 + 에 (place marker) = [나체 nach`e]
입 + 이 (top./sub. marker) = [이비 ibi]
잎 + 이 (top./sub. maeker) = [이피 ip`i]


2. Rules of Pronunciation


2.1. Liason (받침 carry-over)

1) A 받침 is carried over by the following syllable when the following syllable starts with a zero-initial.

ex)

국이 → [구기] 문이 → [무니]
밥을 → [바블] 옷이 → [오시 ]
잎이 → [이피] 밖에 → [바께]


2) The second part of a double 받침 is carried over by the folowing syllable when the following syllable starts with a zero-syllable.

ex)

앉아요 → [안자요] 읽어요 → [일거요]
밟아요 → [발바요] 핥아요 → [할타요]
읊어요 → [을퍼요] 없어요 → [업서요]


2.2. Nasalization

When a final (non-nasal) consonant is followed by a nasal initial (ㄴ,ㅁ), the non-nasal consonant absorbs the nasality, keeping its place of articulation. Remember, 'ㅇ' in the initial position is not a nasal consonant but a zero.

ㄱ, ㅋ → ㅇ
ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅌ, ㅎ → ㄴ / before ㄴ or ㅁ
ㅂ, ㅍ → ㅁ


ex)

갑니다 → [감니다] 낱말 → [난말] 먹는다 → [멍는다]


2.3. Aspiration

When ㅎ [h] is adjacent, a consonant is influenced and aspirated.

ㄱ → ㅋ
ㄷ → ㅌ / before or after ㅎ
ㅂ → ㅍ
ㅈ → ㅊ

ex)

좋다 → [조타] 노랗다 → [노라타]
생각하다 → [생가카다] 입히다 →[이피다]

2.4. Palatalization

When ㄷ or ㅌ is followed by 이 , a paplatalization occurs.

ㄷ[t] → ㅈ [ch]
ㅌ[t`] → ㅊ [ch`] / before 이

ex)

미닫이→[미다지] 굳이 →[구지] 같이 →[가치]

 

2.5. Liquidation

ㄴ → ㄹ /before another ㄹ

ex)

전라북도 → [절라북도] 신라 → [실라]




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27 / F / Under the sky
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Posted 11/6/08 , edited 11/6/08
masha'a ALLAH

u r perfect in korean language how do u learn it???

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24 / F / Canada
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Posted 3/18/09
how do we say welcome in korean and how do we pronounce it?
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27 / F / ♥Choi Shiwon's he...
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Posted 6/22/09
hayooo?? ur not korean, ryt??
how come ur so good at it????
ahhh!! i wish i am like u!!
i really want to learn ds language!!
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24 / F / malaysia
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Posted 9/2/09
unfortunately i can't see the symbols that you type...
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26 / F
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Posted 9/16/09
can u tell me the better n easy way to perceive n learn these letters
like in english letters r frm A-Z DO THE KOREAN HAVE THE SAME.........[/red]
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