Post Reply lesson 2
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Posted 6/18/08 , edited 6/18/08
Hangul

1. Consonants (자음)



dictionary order:

ㄱ (ㄲ), ㄴ, ㄷ (ㄸ), ㄹ, ㅁ, ㅂ (ㅃ), ㅅ (ㅆ), ㅇ, ㅈ (ㅉ), ㅊ, ㅋ, ㅌ, ㅍ, ㅎ

Aspirated ones are with more puff of air than the plain ones. As for tensed ones, you add more stricture, but without puff of air, when letting out the sound. Tensed ones are difficult for beginners, and many students take long time to acquire the correct pronunciation.

ㄱ is similar to g as in god.

ㄲ is similar to k as in sky.

ㅋ is similar to k as in kill.

ㄷ is similar to d as in do.

ㄸ is similar to t as in stop.

ㅌ is similar to t as in two.

ㄹ is similar to tt as in butter (not [t] but a flap like a Spanish [r]), in a syllable initial position.

ㄹ is similar to l as in filling, in a syllable final (받침) position.

ㅂ is similar to b as in bad.

ㅃ is similar to p as in spy.

ㅍ is similar to p as in pool.

ㅅ is similar to s as in astronaut.

ㅆ is similar to s as in suit.

ㅈ is similar to j as in jail.

ㅉ is similar to tz as in pretzel.

ㅊ is similar to ch as in charge.

ㅎ is similar to h as in hat.
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Posted 6/18/08
2. Vowels (모음)

Vowel Chart



dictionary order:

ㅏ(ㅐ, ㅒ), ㅑ, ㅓ (ㅔ, ㅖ), ㅕ, ㅗ (ㅘ, ㅙ, ㅚ), ㅛ, ㅜ (ㅝ, ㅞ, ㅟ), ㅠ, ㅡ (ㅢ), ㅣ

ㅏ is similar to "Ah".

ㅑ is similar to "yard".

ㅓ is similar to "cut".

ㅕ is similar to "just" or "Eliot".

ㅗ is similar to "order".

ㅛ is similar to " Yoda".

ㅜ is similar to " Ungaro".

ㅠ is similar to "you".

ㅡ is similar to "good" or "le chatau".

ㅣ is similar to "easy".

ㅐ is similar to "add".

ㅒ is similar to "yam".

ㅔ is similar to " editor".

ㅖ is similar to " yes".

ㅘ is similar to " Wow!" or "what".

ㅙ is similar to "wagon".

ㅚ is similar to "Koeln".

ㅝ is similar to " one".

ㅞ is similar to " weather".

ㅟ is similar to "we" or "Oui!".
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Traditional vowel classification:

Traditionally, vowels are classified into three categories, that is yang (bright), yin (dark), and neutral. This classification is very important, for it will be used when we learn conjugation of predicates and some phonological aspects of Korean. The classification also principles the vowel-hamp3ony phenomena that Korean has as a member of Altaic language family. The cassification is as follows:

yang (bright) -- ㅏ and ㅗ series (ㅏ, ㅑ, ㅗ, ㅛ, ㅘ)
yin (dark) -- ㅓ and ㅜ series (ㅓ, ㅕ, ㅜ, ㅠ, ㅝ)
neutral -- ㅡ and ㅣ



3. How to make a character out of alphabet

Each character is designed to represent one syllable, the structure of which may be described as (C)V(C), where C stands for a consonant, and V does a vowel--(C) means that the consonant in the position is optional.

(C) + V + (CC

initial consonant + vowel + final consonant (coda)

Some vowels are placed on the right side of the initial consonant; some are placed underneath the initial consonant: Vowels ㅏ, ㅓ, ㅣ (and their derivatives, i.e. ㅐ, ㅔ, ㅒ,ㅖ) are placed on the right; and vowels ㅗ, ㅜ, ㅡ are placed undersneath the initial consonant. Final consonants are always placed at the bottom.

E.g)



NB) Final consonant clusters: ㄳ, ㄵ, ㄶ, ㄺ, ㄻ, ㄼ, ㄽ, ㄾ, ㄿ, ㅀ, ㅄ

Except for ㄺ, ㄻ, ㄼ, ㄽ, ㄾ, ㄿ, ㅀ (ones with ㄹ placed befre another consonant), when followed by another consonant or nothing, the second consonant of the cluster becomes silent. This second consonant will come alive when there is a vowel after it.

값 = kap "price"

값 + 과 = kap kwa "price and"

값 + 이 = kapsi "price (with a subject particle)"

Final clusters with 'ㄹ+consonant' fomp3ation are pronounced with slight irregularity. As for ㄺ, ㄻ, ㄼ, ㄾ, ㄿ, the foregoing liquid sound [ㄹ] of the cluster is ignored when followed by another consonant or nothing. This ㄹ comes alive when the cluster is followed by another vowel. However, Seoul speakers (and many other regions too) tend to throw in a touch of liquid sound for the ㄹ even when the cluster is followed by a consonant or nothing.

삶 = sa(l)m "a living"

삶 + 이 = sal mi "a living (with a subject particle)"

In clusters ㄽ and ㅀ, however, [ㄹ] is alive even when followed by another consosnant.

끓 + 고 = kku^l k'o "boil and.."
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22 / F
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Posted 9/12/08
I have a question... How come on zkorean.com have more vowels and consonants then here? This is always why I get confused.
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27 / F / Under the sky
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Posted 11/6/08
oh, it's too diffecult



how can i write my name?

halah <<<?
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31 / F / uae
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Posted 11/13/08
I think I will need a year to learn this bymyself lol
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F / somewhere in your...
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Posted 12/13/08
yeaa i cant understand it tat good when im reading it....and i cant see the symbols when u type them....
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25 / F / doodling mess!
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Posted 12/25/08
i learn to recognise about half of them only... hope to learn all! only if i had e time -_-"
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23
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Posted 3/17/09
oh my gosh. this is so complicated. i think it's going to take me quite a long time to learn this language...
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27 / F / ♥Choi Shiwon's he...
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Posted 6/22/09
i think i will never learn korean.,,
it's so hard.,, i really want to..
but hey!!!! can i really do it?? aish!!!
how can i talk to Shiwon and Hwanhee
if i dont even know how to speak and write in korean,,lolz
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22 / F
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Posted 6/24/09
Hey. Is there wrong table in " 2. Vowels (모음) " part? That's same table than in first part?? that makes me confused?
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25 / F / Philippines
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Posted 7/14/09

Tuuksi wrote:

Hey. Is there wrong table in " 2. Vowels (모음) " part? That's same table than in first part?? that makes me confused?


yup, i noticed that too.. i hope it will be changed.. i'm studying it now..(^^ ) thanks!

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Posted 7/14/09 , edited 7/14/09
i got the site where she get this lesson..(^^ )

here: http://www.learnkorean.com/lesson/lesson2.asp

the vowel chart is there too..
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24 / F / in my DAYDREAMS a...
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Posted 8/26/09
this is difficult!

its quite harder than I thought I learned a way different way
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26 / F
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Posted 9/16/09
how many alphabet is there in korean language... its very difficult to understand....
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