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At this Time:

•さきに sakini - before ~ do this, ahead
•さいしょに saisho ni - in the beginning, firstly
EXAMPLE 最初に食べましょう。 saisho ni tabemashou. Let's eat first.
•さいごに saigo ni - in the end, lastly
EXAMPLE 最後に なりました。 saigo ni narimashita. The end has come.


Descriptive Words:

•きちんと kichinto - accurately, exactly
•ちゃんと chanto - correctly, neatly
•ぴったり pittari - exactly, perfect
•はっきり hakkiri - clear, clearly
•ぎりぎり girigiri - just in time, just barely...
EXAMPLE ぎりぎり逃げた。 girigiri nigeta. (I) just barely escaped.

•いっしょうけんめい isshoukenmei - with all of one's might, as best as one can do
•自由に jyuu ni - freely
EXAMPLE 自由に座ってください。jiyuu ni suwatte kudasai. Please feel free to take a seat. (choose any seat freely)
•ちょくせつ chokusetsu - directly
EXAMPLE ちょくせつ言う。choku setsu iu. (I) will speak directly.
•急に (きゅうに) kyuuni - suddenly
•にくい nikui - difficult
EXAMPLEこのパンは食べにくいです。 kono pan wa tabe nikui desu. This bread is hard to eat.
•やすい yasui - easy
EXAMPLE コーラは飲みやすいです。 kora wa nomi yasui desu. Cola is easy to drink.
•全く mattaku - really, quite, completely
EXAMPLE 全く同じ mattaku onaji. (It's) exactly the same
•たいがい taigai - most, mostly


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Degree of...:

•ずいぶん zuibun - very, a lot
•かなり kanari - fairly, pretty
•結構 kekkou - fairly, pretty ~
EXAMPLE 結構上手ですね。 kekkou jouzu desu ne. (he's) pretty good (at something)!
•もっと motto - more
•できるだけ dekiru dake - as much as possible, as much as one can do
EXAMPLE できるだけ、 早く帰ってね。 dekiru dake hayaku kaette ne. Come back as soon as possible.
•ちっとも chittomo - (not) at all
•ほとんど hotondo - most, almost, nearly all
EXAMPLE ほとんどのアメリカ人は 日本語ができない。 hotondo no amerika jin wa nihongo ga dekinai. Most Americans can't speak Japanese.
•あんなに annani - such, like that
•ほど hodo - about some, or so, such
•~ほど ~ではない ~hodo ~dewanai - not as ~ as ~

OTHER:

•とにかく tonikaku - anyway, in any case, anyhow
•について nitsuite - About, for
EXAMPLE くまのプーさんについて 話しましょう。 kuma no pu-san nitsuite hanashimashou. (Let's talk ABOUT winnie the Pooh.)
•ため tame - For this reason, for his/her benefit
EXAMPLE 由美のためにプレゼントを買った。 yumi no tame ni purezento o katta. (I bought a present for Yumi.)
•~ように ~youni - Like this, in this way
EXAMPLE 私のようにしてください。 watashi no youni shite kudasai. Please do like me.
•まるで marude - just like, quite
•くれぐれも kure guremo - again and again; repeatedly; earnestly
•しても shitemo - even if, if
•らしい rashii - seems, looks as if, they say that ~
EXAMPLE その絵はとてもピカソらしいですね。 sono e wa totemo pikaso rashii desu ne. Isn't that painting very Picasso-ish?
•とくに tokuni - especially, particularly
EXAMPLE 特に素晴らしいことです。 tokuni subarashii koto desu. It's an especially wonderful thing!
•はず hazu -should be, must be
EXAMPLE あの店はあるはずです。ano mise wa aru hazu desu. That store should have it.
•その上 sono ue - besides (what's more...)
•など nado - and so on, etc.
•すなわち sunawachi - that is to say, or
•むしろ mushiro - rather (than)
•しかも shikamo - besides, and yet








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Posted 11/23/07
Conjunctions:

•だが daga - but, though
•(な)のに (na) noni - though, in spite of
EXAMPLE 勉強してのに、いつも失敗。 benkyou shite noni, itsumo shippai. Although I study, I always
•(な)ので (na) node - because, since
EXAMPLE 日本語は難しいので もっと勉強します。 nihongo wa muzukashii node motto benkyou shimasu. Because Japanese is difficult, I will study more.
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Posted 11/23/07
Past tense


PAST = MASU MASHITA

たべます tabemasu (to eat) ~ たべました tabemashita (ate)
のみます nomimasu (to drink) ~ のみました nomimashita (drank)

PAST NEGATIVE = MASU MASEN DESHITA

たべます tabemasu (to eat) ~ たべません でした tabemasen deshita (didn't eat)
のみます nomimasu (to drink) ~ のみません でした nomimasen deshita (didn't drink)

•The "-masen" is the negative part

To want ~がほしい

Saying "I want (something)" is pretty easy. Just say the thing you want and add ga hoshii to it.

のみもの が ほしい です。
nomimono ga hoshii desu.
(I) want a drink.

ケーキ が ほしい です か?
ke-ki ga hoshii desu ka?
Do you want cake?

Want to do~ ~たい

First get the ~ます masu form of the verb you want to do. Then drop the ~ます masu and add ~たい tai.

たべます tabemasu (to eat) ~ たべ tabe ~ たべたい tabetai (want to eat)
のみます nomimasu (to drink) ~ のみ nomi ~ のみたい nomitai (want to drink)
します shimasu (to do) ~ し shi ~ したい shitai (want to do)

If you want to say "do you want to..." Just add ka

ケーキ を たべたい です か?
ke-ki o tabetai desu ka?
Do you want to eat cake?








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Posted 11/23/07
This これ・この

•2 words in Japanese that are translated as "this" in English:

•これ kore - When "this" is not connected to a noun

これ は 何 です か?
kore wa nan desu ka?
What is this?

これ は ねこ です。
kore wa neko desu.
This is a cat

•この kono - When you put "this" before a noun, it changes to kono

この ねこ は デkテル です か?
kono neko wa dexter desu ka?
Is this cat, Dexter?.

いいえ。 この 犬 は デkテル です。
iie kono inu wa dexter desu.
No. This dog is Dexter.

That それ・その

•This THAT refers to objects near the listener (not the speaker)

•それ sore - when "that" is not connected to a noun

それ は 何 です か?
sore wa nan desu ka?
What is that?

それ は ねこ です。
sore wa neko desu.
That is a cat.

•その sono - When you put "that" before a noun, it changes to sono

その ねこ は デkテル です か?
sono neko wa dexter desu ka?
Is that cat, Dexter?

いいえ。 その たこ は デkテル です。
iie sono tako wa dexter desu.
No. That octopus is Dexter.

That over there あれ・あの

•This THAT refers to objects not near the listener or the speaker.

•あれ are - when "that" is not connected to a noun

あれ は 何 です か?
are wa nan desu ka?
What is that over there?

あれ は ねこ です。
are wa neko desu.
That over there is a cat.

•あの ano - When you put "that" before a noun, it changes to ano

あの ねこ は デkテル です か?
ano neko wa dexter desu ka?
Is that cat over there, Dexter?

いいえ。 あの くじら は デkテル です。
iie ano kujira wa dexter desu.
No. That whale over there is Dexter.





















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Posted 11/23/07

mikeel wrote:

SMALL WORDS, ADVERBS AND SHORT EXPRESSIONS



Time Phrases:


•さっき sakki - a while ago
EXAMPLE さっきのことはありがとう。 sakki no koto wa arigatou. Thank you for what you did a while ago.
•先ほど sakihodo - a little while ago
EXAMPLE 先ほどいらっしゃいました。 sakihodo irasshaimashita. (he) came a little while ago.
•たったいま tattaima - just, just now
•たまに tamani - occasionally, sometimes
EXAMPLE たまに東京へ行く。 tama ni toukyou he iku. I go to Tokyo sometimes.
•まさに masani - just, very, be about to...
•結局 kekkyoku - in the end, after all
EXAMPLE 結局、恋人になりました。kekkyoku, koibito ni narimashita. In the end, they became girlfriend / boyfriend
•たいてい taitei - usually, always, most
•いつでも itsudemo - anytime, always
EXAMPLE いつでも来て下さい。 itsudemo kitte kudasai. Please come anytime.
•きまって kimatte - always
•ずっと zutto - all the time, all the way, far
EXAMPLE 彼はずっとテレビを見た。 kare wa zutto terebi wo mita. He watched TV for a long time.
•いつか itsuka - some time, someday
EXAMPLE いつか、月へ行きたい。itsuka, tsuki he ikitai. Someday I want to go to the Moon.
•しばらく shibaraku - for a while
EXAMPLE しばらくお待ち下さい。 shibaraku omachi kudasai. Please wait a little while.
•そろそろ sorosoro - soon
EXAMPLE そろそろ 始めましょう sorosoro hajimemashou. Let's begin soon.
•とっくに tokkuni - already, long ago
•このごろ konogoro - these days
•いまごろ imagoro - about this time
EXAMPLE あしたの いまごろ ashita no imagoro - tomorrow about this time



Tama ni tokyo (is spelled like that, not toukyou) and he or e is the same particle as de meaning place, mostly people you de, but e can be used as well. and kudasai has no kanji...ください not 下さい.
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Posted 11/23/07
And most of these phrases are causal speech, don't say them to a stranger or a teacher or boss, that speaks and understands Japanese lol, it'd sound to close XD, and it'll sound weird
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Posted 11/23/07
and..all that i wrote is for beginners who want to understand japanese...just correct it if theres wrong about it =))
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Posted 11/24/07
already edited some of my bad explanations..

Note: Like what Uzamaki_Naruto said...Dont use it on your bosses or peoples not close to you...

This examples are for casual only =))
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Posted 11/24/07
Particles intro

•These particles are placed after the word (or phrase) they modify.

•は wa - overall topic particle - shows the main topic of the conversation
Note:it is a hiragana ha but pronounced as "wa"

あなた  やさしい。
anata wa yasashii.
You are nice.
Makes "you" the main topic

•が ga - the subject particle - sometimes the difference between wa and ga are hard to tell. Sometimes they can be used interchangeably with only a slight change in meaning

ねこ  へん。
neko ga hen.
The cat is strange.
[Makes the "cat" the subject]

•を o - The Direct Object particle

本  よみました。
hon o yomimashita.
(I) read a book.
[NOTE: it makes "book" the object

•に ni - usually shows movement (to)

日本  いきましょう!
nihon ni ikimashou!
Let's go to Japan!
There is movement going to Japan

or shows time (at)

6時  いきましょう!
roku ji ni ikimashou!
Let's go at 6.

•で de - Shows location (at, in)

日本  遊びましょう!
nihon de asobimashou!
Let's play (have fun) in Japan!

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Posted 11/27/07
Got some Good one for you Guys Try These!

(English -- Japanese)

Good morning -- Ohayo gozaimasu
Good afternoon (day) -- Konnichiwa
Good evening -- Konbanwa
Good-bye -- Sayonara
Good night -- Oyasuminasai
How are you? -- O genki desu ka?
How do you do? -- Hajimemashite
Pleased to meet you -- Dozo yoroshiku or Yoroshiku onegaishimasu
I am fine -- Hai, genki desu
And you? -- Anata wa?
Thank you (very much) -- Domo arigato gozaimasu
You're welcome -- Do itashi mashite
Say! Listen! (to get attention) -- Anone
Excuse me (to get attention) -- Sumi masen
Excuse me (pardon me) -- Gomen nasai or Shitsurei shimasu
I am sorry -- Gomen nasai
Please (when offering something) -- Dozo
Please (when requesting something) -- Kudasai
Please show me -- Misete kudasai
Please write it -- Kaite kudasai
Please give me this -- Kore o kudasai
I'm sick -- Byoki desu
Let's go -- Ikimasho
Do you speak English? -- Anata wa eigo o hanashimasu ka?
Yes, I speak a little -- Hai, sukoshi hanashimasu
Do you understand? -- Wakarimasu ka?
Yes, I understand -- Hai, wakarimasu
Oh, I see -- As, soo desu ka
No, I don't understand -- Iie, wakarimasen
Please say it again -- Mo ichido itte kudasai
Please speak slowly -- Yukkuri hanashi te kudasai
Please wait a moment -- Chotto matte kudasai
What is your name? -- Anata-no namae wa?
My name is -- Watashi no namae wa__desu
Where is it? -- Doko desu ka?
What time is it? -- Nan-ji desu ka?
How much is it? -- Sore wa ikura desu ka?
I will take it -- Sore kudasai
No, thank you -- Iie kekko desu
Do you like it? -- Suki desu ka?
I like it -- Suki desu
I don't like it -- Kirai desu
It's beautiful -- Kirei desu
Hello (on telephone only) -- Moshi moshi
Let me see -- So desu ne
Welcome -- Irrasshaimase
Where is the toilet? -- Toire wa doko desu ka?
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Some words you Should know by now

(English -- Japanese)

Left -- Hidari
Right -- Migi
Straight ahead -- Massugu
A lot / plenty -- Takusan
A little -- Sukoshi
Why? -- Naze desu ka
When? -- Itsu desu ka
Fire -- Kaji
Ambulance -- Kyukyusha
Police -- Omawarisan
Help! -- Tasukete
Watch out -- Abunai
It's all right -- Daijobu desu
Quick -- Hayaku
Cheap -- Yasui
Cold -- Samui
Hot -- Atsui
Cake -- Kehki
Chair -- Isu
Child -- Kodomo
Cigarette -- Tabako
Coffee -- Kohhi
Coffee with milk -- Kohhi gyunyu
Fruit -- Kudamono
Good -- Yoi
Girl / Woman -- Onna
Man -- Otoko
Hot water -- Oyu
Hotel -- Hoteru
Key -- Kagi
Money -- Okane
New -- Atarashii
Old -- Furui
Paper -- Kami
Pencil -- Empitsu
Room -- Heya
Stamp -- Kitte
Station -- Eki
Store -- Mise
Taxi -- Takushi
Telephone -- Denwa
Ticket -- Kippu
Tea (green) -- Ocha
Tea (black) -- Koh-cha
Water -- Mizu
Small -- Chiisai
Large -- Ohkii
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Everyday Set Phrases:

•はじめまして hajimemashite - meeting for the first time.
•どうぞよろしく douzo yoroshiku - meeting for the first time and asking favors.
•どうぞよろしくおねがいします。douzo yoroshiku onegai shimasu.- more polite than the above
•こちらこそ、よろしくおねがいします。kochirakoso,yoroshiku onegaishimasu.

In Everyday Life:

•よろしく yoroshiku - Plain phrase when asking favor to someone.
•どうですか?dou desu ka? - How is this? How do you like this?
•いかがですか?ikaga desu ka? more polite than the above
•どう言えばいいんでしょうか?dou ieba iin deshou ka? - What shoud i say? (What words are appropriate?)
•ただいま tadaima - I'm home!,I'm back(always said when entering the house)

Holidays,Special Occasions:

•あかましておめでとう!akamashite omedetou - Happy New Year!
•ことしもどうぞよろしく。 kotoshi mo douzo yoroshiku - This year too,show me kindness.
•(本日は)おめでとうございます!- (On this day)Congratulations!

Thank You:

•どうも ありがとうございます。doumo arigatou gozaimasu. - The long one.
•ありがとうございます。arigatou gozaimasu -Shorter one
•ありがとう。arigatou. Shorter still
•どうも doumo - Shortest

Other non-standard thank yous

•毎度 ありがとうございます。 maido arigatou gozaimasu. Used mainly in shops.Thank you,Every time
•毎度あり maido ari - a shortened form of the above
•お起きに ookini - Osaka dialect.Thanks

Im Sorry:

•ごめんなさい gomen nasai - I am sorry.Used when you did a bad thing.
•すみません sumimasen - I am sorry, Pardon,but...Used when you did a bad thing and when trying to get someones attention.Excuse me...
•申しわけありません moushi wake arimasen - I have no excuse for my bad behavior,sorry
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Easy adjectives

•2 types of adjectives:

•-i adjectives - adjectives that end in -i
•-na adjectives - adjectives that add -na when placed before nouns

•-i adjectives change:
おもしろい omoshiroi -(That's) interesting "+ i"
おもしろくない omoshiro kunai - (That's) not interesting "- i" "+ kunai"
おもしろかった omoshiro katta -(That) was interesting "- i" "+ katta"
おもしろくなかった omoshiro kuna katta - (That) was not interesting "- i" "+ kuna katta"

•-na adjectives don't change.But when placed before nouns they add a -na

きれい kirei - pretty,beautiful ~ きれいなおんあ kirei na onna - pretty woman
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There is/There are

•For inanimate objects.end the sentence with ~が あります ga arimasu

木 です。
It's a tree.

木 が あります
There is a tree.

•For living things use ~が います ga imasu.

ねこ が います
There is a cat

•To show the negative just add せん -sen to the end

あります arimasu ~ ありません arimasen
います imasu ~ いません imasen

To like がすき:

•Just add ga suki after the object that you like.

ねこ が すき です。
neko ga suki desu.
I like cats.




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