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Posted 11/27/07
Also も

•も mo means "also" or "too" and like other particles,it is placed after the word it modifies.

Person A
わたし は ねこ が すき。
I like cats.
Person B
わたし は ねこ が、そして いぬ  すき。
watashi wa neko ga suki,soshite inu mo suki.
I like cats,and i also like dogs.
Note:The mo after inu replaces ga.You cant say "ga mo"
Person C
わたし  ねこ と いぬ が すき。
watashi mo neko to inu ga suki.
I also like cats and dogs.
Note:watashi mo by itself means "Me too"
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Remember that all this is casual, well watashi wa neko ga suki desu is formal, without the desu, its kinda formal, kinda not, but still try to say desu, if your in Japan talking to a person...and that person isn't close...
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Posted 11/28/07
Negative Verbs:

•せん sen marks the negative in Japanese in the -masu form

話します hanashimasu - can speak becomes..
わたしは、日本語が話しません。watashi wa nihongo ga hanashimasen.(I) can't speak Japanese.
わかります wakarimasu - understand becomes..
わたしは、英語がわかりません。watashi wa eigo ga wakarimasen.(I) don't understand English.

•Note: If u can make the -masu form,just drop the す su and add せん sen.

•Notice that there are no "no" words needed to make a negative like in English.
Simply modify the verb's ending.

•To make negative in the plain,or simple,form by taking the basic stem and adding ない nai to it.

•With the 'ru' verbs you simply drop the 'る ru' and add 'ない nai' as in わすれる wasureru (to forget)
日本語おわすれない。nihongo o wasurenai.(I) don't forget Japanese.
•For the 'u' verbs change the ending to 'a' 書く kaku - 書か
てがみお書かない。tegami o kakanai. (I) don't write letters.



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Usage of Please

•Please do...~てください
add kudasai (please) after the -te form of any verb

•Asking people around you in a nice way

ゆっくり話してください。yukkuri hanashite kudasai.Please speak slowly.
もっと大人らしくしてください。motto otona rashiku shite kudasai.Please act more grown-up.
ここで右二曲がってください。koko de migi ni magatte kudasai.Please turn right here.

•Please give me...~おください
Another use for kudasai.

その本おください。sono hon o kudasai.Please give me that book
500円おください。go hyaku en o kudasai.Please give me 500 yen.

On,In,Above,Behind

•に ni - on
本があります。tsukue ni hon ga arimasu.There is a book on the desk.
•のうえに no ue ni - on top of,above
のうえに本があります。tsukue no ue nihon ga arimasu.There is a book on top of the desk.
•のしたに no shita ni - under
のしたに本があります。tsukue no shita ni hon ga arimasu.There is a book under the desk.
•の後ろ no ushiro ni - behind
の後ろに本があります。tsukue no ushiro ni hon ga arimasu.There is a book behind the desk.




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Posted 11/28/07
BASIC WORD ORDER

•The sentence order is very different from English. In English they use Subject-Verb-Object (SVO) but in Japanese it is usually Subject-Object-Verb (SOV)

•English
Subject Verb Object
I eat bread
•Japanese
Subject Object Verb
Watashi wa pan o tabemasu
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Posted 11/29/07
Using こと、もの koto,mono

•How to say 'thing' in japanese

•Koto - intangible things

いいことはありません。ii koto wa arimasen.There isn't anything good

大事なことお教えます。daiji na koto o oshiemasu.I will tell you an important thing.

昨日のことはすみませんでした。kinou no koto wa sumimasen deshita.I am sorry about what happened yesterday.(yesterday's thing)

•Mono - tangible things

その黒いものは猫かなあ。sono kuroi mono wa neko kanaa.I wonder if that black thing is a cat

おいしいものが食べたい。oishi mono ga tabetai.I want to eat something good.
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Usage of Like

Looks like ~みたい

台風が 来る みたい。taifuu ga kuru mitai.It looks like a hurricane.
This could mean you are looking at storm clouds,OR someone told you a hurricane is coming.

•Stick it after a noun.

この景色は夢みたい。kono keshiki wa yume mitai.This scenery looks like a dream.

あの人は日本人みたい。ano hito wa nihonjin mitai.That person looks like he's (or shes) Japanese.

•Another usage of -mitai where it can mean 'try and see' when added to the 'te て' form of a verb

やってみたい。yatte mitai. I'll give it a shot.
食べてみたい。tabete mitai.I'll taste and see.

This is different from above,but also very usefull.

Like,as ~ように

•Usefull tag which means 'just as or like this'

Construction:
1)simple verb + ~you ni

わたしが言うようにして。watashi wa iu you ni shite.Do as i say.

2)noun + ~no you ni

あなたは熊のプーさんのようにかわいいです。anata wa kuma no pu-san no you ni kawaii desu.You are as cute as Winnie the Pooh.

Like,as if,apparenty らしい

•This is similar to ~sou where the speaker is repeating info heard from another source. The only difference may be ~rashii may be based on more reliable information.

Construction:
1) simple verb + ~rashii

山田さんは帰ったらしいです。yamada san wa kaetta rashii desu.It sounds like Mr.Yamada has come home.

2) noun + ~rashii


•There are a few nouns with rashii that you can remember as a word in itself. This meaning is slighly different from the above verb construction. Instead of meaning info heard elsewhere, when added to a noun it means the speaker thinks something looks like something.

男らしい otokorashi - manly (like a man)
女らしい onnarashii - girly
犬らしい inurashii - like a dog
猫らしい nekorashii - like a cat






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Posted 11/29/07
I heard...; They say ~そう


~そう is mainly used for info that originated elsewhere. - I heard...

Construction:
1) simple verb + ~sou + desu/da

ゆきちゃんは 肉を 食べない そう だ。 yuki chan WA niku o tabenai sou da. I heard Yuki doesn't eat meat.

2) -i adjective + ~sou + desu/DA

田中さんの新しいパ・#92;コンは とても 高い そう です。 tanaka san no atarashii pasokon wa totemo takai sou desu. I heard Tanaka's new computer is very expensive. [This info could have come from Tanaka himself, or someone else]

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Sorry use different colors for the first and second...but in each section the colors are correct =P

I'm going to change this...mitai means I want to see...no usage of to look like...

This (noun) (verb) like (noun). この(noun)は(noun)のように(verb).

For the (verb) you change the verb...such as miru, to its long form: mimasu, drop the masu and and eru.
For ex: Noru (ride), long form: norimasu, then to norieru.


この景色はのように見えるkono keshiki wa yume no you ni mieru.This scenery looks like a dream.

Do as I (verb). 私は(verb - its always in its dictionary form.)ようにしなさい。

Dictionary form:
Eat - Taberu 食べる
Drink - Nomu 飲む
Speak - Hanasu 話す
Say - Iu 言う
Use - Tsukau 使う

私が言うようにしなさいwatashi wa iu you ni shinasai.
Do as i say.

Change say to any verb...

Althouth this doesn't make sense...just showing you how you change it LOL

わたしが飲むようにしなさいwatashi wa nomu you ni shinasai.
Do as i drink. [yeah it makes no sense...drink =P]

The last part is correct. - the らしい part.



mikeel wrote:

Usage of Like

Looks like ~みたい

台風が 来る みたい。taifuu ga kuru mitai.It looks like a hurricane.
This could mean you are looking at storm clouds,OR someone told you a hurricane is coming.

•Stick it after a noun.

この景色は夢みたい。kono keshiki wa yume mitai.This scenery looks like a dream.

あの人は日本人みたい。ano hito wa nihonjin mitai.That person looks like he's (or shes) Japanese.

•Another usage of -mitai where it can mean 'try and see' when added to the 'te て' form of a verb

やってみたい。yatte mitai. I'll give it a shot.
食べてみたい。tabete mitai.I'll taste and see.

This is different from above,but also very usefull.

Like,as ~ように

•Usefull tag which means 'just as or like this'

Construction:
1)simple verb + ~you ni

わたしが言うようにして。watashi wa iu you ni shite.Do as i say.

2)noun + ~no you ni

あなたは熊のプーさんのようにかわいいです。anata wa kuma no pu-san no you ni kawaii desu.You are as cute as Winnie the Pooh.

Like,as if,apparenty らしい

•This is similar to ~sou where the speaker is repeating info heard from another source. The only difference may be ~rashii may be based on more reliable information.

Construction:
1) simple verb + ~rashii

山田さんは帰ったらしいです。yamada san wa kaetta rashii desu.It sounds like Mr.Yamada has come home.

2) noun + ~rashii


•There are a few nouns with rashii that you can remember as a word in itself. This meaning is slighly different from the above verb construction. Instead of meaning info heard elsewhere, when added to a noun it means the speaker thinks something looks like something.

男らしい otokorashi - manly (like a man)
女らしい onnarashii - girly
犬らしい inurashii - like a dog
猫らしい nekorashii - like a cat








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sou da means Oh yeah =P

I heard (name) doesn't (verb) (noun). 私は(name)が(noun)を(negative short form verb)を聞いた。

私は油木が肉を食べないを聞いた。 watashi wa yuki chan ga niku wo tabenai wo kiita. I heard Yuki doesn't eat meat.

You can say

私は油木が牛乳を飲まないを聞いた。watashi wa yuki chan ga gyuunyuu wo nomanai wo kiita. I heard Yuki doesn't drink milk.


mikeel wrote:

I heard...; They say ~そう


~そう is mainly used for info that originated elsewhere. - I heard...

Construction:
1) simple verb + ~sou + desu/da

ゆきちゃんは 肉を 食べない そう だ。 yuki chan WA niku o tabenai sou da. I heard Yuki doesn't eat meat.

2) -i adjective + ~sou + desu/DA

田中さんの新しいパ・#92;コンは とても 高い そう です。 tanaka san no atarashii pasokon wa totemo takai sou desu. I heard Tanaka's new computer is very expensive. [This info could have come from Tanaka himself, or someone else]



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Posted 11/30/07
Power Enders

•Power Ender 'ね ne'

•Used at the end of a sentence and contains variety of meanings.
•As a question tag: don't you,isn't it

あなたはにんじんが嫌いです。anata wa ninjin ga kirai desu ne.You dont like carots,don't you?

その映画はとてもいい映画だった。sono eiga wa totemo ii eiga datta ne.Don't you think that was a good movie?

今日は厚いです。kyou wa atsui desu ne.Today is very hot,isn't it?

•'ね ne' as a question tag, it helps to nod your head, or change the inflection to let the listener know you would like a response. It is usually used when the speaker feels fairly certain his listeners agree with what was said.

•Power Ender 'よ yo'

•To impress upon your listener the importance or truth of what you are saying stick a 'よ yo' at the end of the sentence.

本当です。hontou desu yo.I'ts the truth,I tell ya!
(Perhaps the speaker suspects the listener doesn't believe what he just said)

フルリダの12月は厚いですか?fururida no 12 gatsu wa atsui desu ka? Is December in Florida is pretty hot?
結構差ウイです。kekkou samui desu yo.Actually,it is pretty cold.

鈴木さんは犬です。suzuki san wa inu desu yo.Suzuki is a dog,you know.

There are lots of meaning about this power enders 'ね、よ ne,yo' .All i wrote here are some examples i know about it






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The Explanatory "んです"

•It is most often used, informally, when
1) explaining something or asking something.
2) and It can also be used to show emotions.

•plain form verb + んです

何おしているんですか?
nani o shite iru n desu ka?
What are you doing?

テレビお見ているんです
terebi o mite iru n desu.
Watching TV.

•-i adjective + んです

この映画は面白いんです
kono eiga wa omoshiroi n desu.
This movie is interesting.

•It can be used as a way to stress emotion

パーチに行かないでしょう。
pa-ti ni ikanai deshou
You won't be able to make it to the party,right?

いいえ、僕は行くんです
iie,boku wa iku n desu.
No,I'm going.

いったい、どうしたんですか?
ittai,doushita n desu ka?
Just what happened (to you)?

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Posted 11/30/07
Good Good!! =]...no mistakes there
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Verbs

Dictionary Form ~ English ~ Formal Form ~ The ~te Form
(Basic Form)

aruku ~ to walk ~ arukimasu ~ aruite
asobu ~ to play ~ asobimasu ~ asonde
au ~ to meet ~ aimasu ~ atte
hairu ~ to enter ~ harimasu ~ haitte
hajimaru ~ to begin ~ hajimarimasu ~ hajimete
iku ~ to go ~ ikimasu ~ itte
kaeru ~ to return ~ kaerimasu ~ kaitte
kakaru ~ to catch ~ kakarimasu ~ kakatte
kaku ~ to write ~ kakimasu ~ kaite
kau ~ to buy ~ kaimasu ~ katte
kiku ~ to listen ~ kikimasu ~ kiite
matsu ~ to wait ~ machimasu ~ matte
motsu ~ to have ~ mochimasu ~ motte
narau ~ to learn ~ naraimasu ~ naratte
nomu ~ to drink ~ nomimasu ~ nonde
okuru ~ to send ~ okurimasu ~ okutte
omou ~ to think ~ omoimimasu ~ omotte
oyogu ~ to swim ~ oyogimasu ~ oyoide
shiru ~ to know ~ shirimasu ~ shitte
suwaru ~ to sit ~ suwarimasu ~ suwatte

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tatsu ~ to stand ~ tachimasu ~ tatte
tomaru ~ to stop ~ tomarimasu ~ tomatte
tsuku ~ to arrive ~ tsukimasu ~ tsuite
uru ~ to sell ~ urimasu ~ utte
utau ~ to sing ~ utaimasu ~ utatte
wakaru ~ to understand ~ wakarimasu ~ wakatte
warau ~ to laugh ~ waraimasu ~ waratte
yomu ~ to read ~ yomimasu ~ yonde
miru ~ to see ~ mimasu ~ mite
neru ~ to sleep ~ nemasu ~ nete
oshieru ~ to teach ~ oshiemasu ~ oshiete
taberu ~ to eat ~ tabemasu ~ tabete
kuru ~ to come ~ kimasu ~ kite
suru ~ to do ~ shimasu ~ shite
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