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Post Reply The Different Types Of Instruments
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Okay. I am the moderater of this Group too. Come to a think, I offically vote for Piano(s) because I, myself did play the piano when I am bored. Come to a think, I'd like everyone to know about piano(s), not only the name piano(s) and to learn the different kinds of, PIANO(s).

Firstly, the piano comes in many different styles, designs, shapes and sizes. Pianos have two basic categories: the vertical and horizontal pianos.

Vertical Pianos - They are called vertical pianos because of their height and the position of the strings. The height of this kind of piano range from 36 to 60 inches. There are 4 types:

Spinet - With its' height of 36 to 38 inches, and an approximate width of 58 inches, spinets are the smallest of the pianos. Given its' size, it is the popular choice of many people who live in limited living spaces ,such as apartments. One noted downside of spinets is called "lost motion", which means it has less power and accuracy due to its' size and construction.

Console - Slightly larger than the spinet, its' height ranges from 40 to 43 inches and is approximately 58 inches wide. This type of piano comes in various styles and finishes. So if you're particular about your furniture complementing, consoles give you a variety of choices. It's made with a direct action, thus producing more enhanced tones.

Studio - This is the kind of piano you see in music schools and music studios. It is 45 to 48 inches in height and has a width of approxmately 58 inches. Because of its' larger soundboard and longer strings, it produces good tone quality and is very durable.

Upright - This is the tallest among the vertical pianos, with a height ranging from 50 to 60 inches and an approximate width of 58 inches. This is the type of piano your great grandparents or grandparents used to play. When cared for properly, it stands the test of time and maintains its' rich tone.
Horizontal Pianos - Also known as grand pianos. They are called horizontal pianos because of their length and the placement of their strings There are 6 basic types:

Petite Grand - This is the smallest of the horizontal pianos. It ranges in size from 4 feet 5 inches to 4 feet 10 inches, it is indeed small but still powerful.

Baby Grand - A very popular type of piano which ranges in size from 4 feet 11 inches to 5 feet 6 inches. Baby grands is a popular choice because of its' sound quality, aesthetic appeal and affordability.

Medium Grand - Larger than the baby grand at 5 feet and 7 inches.

Parlor Grand - These ranges in size from 5 feet 9 inches to 6 feet 1 inch. The parlor grand piano is also called living room grand piano.
Semiconcert or Ballroom - Next size up from the Parlor Grand piano, it is approximately 7 feet long.

Concert Grand - At 9 feet, this is the largest of all the grand pianos.

Grand pianos are said to produce finer tones and has the most responsive key action.

Musician
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For violin, I will just simply type out what I've thought because I do tried before violin but my melody is alittle called "out of tune". So, just bear with my explaination of what I think of violin and the type of violin. Well, I may be wrong so please correct it if I do(s).

The violin is one of the most user-friendly musical instruments because it comes with varying sizes to suit the age of the player. Here are the various sizes and types of violins:
Sizes of Violins

1/16 - Suitable for young children age 3 to five years old. with an arm length of 14 to 15 3/8 inches.
1/10 - Also for young musicians age 3 to 5 years old, with an arm length of 15 3/8 to 17 inches.
1/8 - Again, for young violin enthusiasts age 3 to 5 years old with an arm length of 17.1 to 17.5 inches.
1/4 - With an arm length of 17.6 to 20 inches, this violin is suitable for children 4 to 7 years old.
1/2 - For children ages 6 to 10 years old, with an arm length of 20 to 22 inches.
3/4 - Children 9 to 11 years old with an arm length of 22 to 23.5 inches will enjoy playing this size violin.
4/4 or Full Size Violin - For violinists age 9 and above with an arm length of 23.5 and up. This is the size for adults.

Types of Violins:

There are many violin makers from all across the world who create violins for specific name brands. Generally, there are two types of violins:

Acoustic or Non-Electric Violin - This is the traditional violin that is more suitable for beginners. The violin is a bowed string instrument that has the highest tune and is the smallest among the violin family of instruments. It is also called the fiddle when used to play traditional or folk music.

Electric Violin - As the name implies, electric violins use an electronic signal output and is suited for more advanced players. The sound of an electric violin is sharper than that of an acoustic.
Violins amy also be classified by period or era:

Baroque Violin - The violin of this period had a shallower angle and neck, there was not much thought given to chin and shoulder rests and the strings were strung in gut with equal tension.

Classical Violin - The violin of this period had a thinner neck and smaller heels than that of the Baroque period.

Modern Violin - The neck of the modern violin is more sharply angled, the wood used is thinner and smaller and the strings are tuned higher.


Violins may also be classified by the country from which it originated such as China, Korea, Hungary, Germany and Italy. People who make violins are called luthier. Less expensive violins often come from China, while the most expensive, Stradivarius,(named after Antonio Stradivari) comes from Italy.



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For Cello, I am not sure because I, myself NEVER ever played before. I do have some interest on it after watching La Corda D'oro and how Shimizu play it. Come to a think, I may also be able to describe the different type of cello since I do alittle research of it.

There are various sizes of cellos available. Recommendations for finding the right size for you or your child may be based on the following:
By Your Age:

1/8 size - 4 to 6 years old
1/4 size - 5 to 7 years old
1/2 size - 7 to 11 years old
3/4 size - 11 to 15 years old
4/4 size - 15 and above

Before you start learning how to play your cello, you must first be acquainted with its' parts and functions. Here are the parts of the cello:

Scroll - This is located at the top end of the cello and is also referred to as the ornamental curve of the instrument.

Pegs - The cello has four strings and it is wrapped around a peg. The peg is used to tune or alter the pitch of the cello.

Neck and Fingerboard - Both refers to the long part of the cello that is attached to the body. The strings are pressed down on the fingerboard while playing.

Bridge - The bridge is the piece of wood that holds the strings away from the body of the cello.

F-Holes - These are the holes shaped in the letter "f" and it allows the sound to come out from the inside of the instrument.

Tailpiece - This is located at the bottom of the cello. Usually made of plastic, it's function is to hold the strings.

Spike - This is located underneath the cello. It is usually made of metal and is pointed, it holds up the cello to prevent it from slipping.

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Last but not least, for flute. Have interest but NEVER play before. Guess, I like it because of MASTER YUNOKI. Well, here are some carefree answer from my mind.

Flutes are divided into two main categories:

Side-blown - Also known as a transverse flute, you hold it horizontally or sideways to play.

End-blown - It is played by blowing the end of a tube or pipe. End-blown flutes have two sub-categories:

Rim-blown Flutes - Also known as notched flutes, it is played by blowing across the top of a tube. The air is split because the tube has a notch or a sharp edge.

Duct Flutes - Also known as fipple flutes, is played by blowing air into a channel and the air travels across a sharp edge.
When we speak of modern flutes however, there are six main types:

Bass Flute in C - It evolved during the 1920's as a substitute for the saxophone in jazz music. It is pitched one octave lower than the ordinary flute.

Alto Flute in G - This type of flute has a history of over a hundred years old. The alto flute is a transposing instrument, meaning that music written for it is a pitch different than what it actually sounds. It is notated a 4th above its actual sound.

Tenor Flute - Also called the flute d'amore in B flat. This type of flute has been in existence since Medieval times. It is pitched one step lower than the C flute.

Concert Flute in C -This type of flute's pitch is in C and its range is over three octaves, starting from middle C.
Soprano Flute in E Flat - It has a range of three octaves, it is equivalent to a Concert C Flute.

Treble Flute in G - It has a three octave range starting from g1. The G Treble Flute is usually responsible for the melody. It is also a transposing instrument, its pitch is a 4th lower than its actual sound.
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From what I know, this is especially for those who are interested in Guitar. The explaination will be just what I thought because I NEVER play before and it might be wrong so just be it but I think my answer will be alittle correct since I did some research about it.

Guitars are played by strumming, plucking or striking the strings.

Types:

Acoustic, bass and electric guitars. They come in all sorts of shapes and sizes to fit the individual player.
First known Guitars:
The origin of guitars may have dated back to 1900-1800 B.C. in Babylonia. Archaeologists found a clay plaque showing nude figures holding musical instruments, some of which resembled the guitar.


Acoustic Guitar

Technically, any non-electric guitar sound is acoustic but the term is most often used today to refer to a steel string acoustic guitar. Crafted mostly from various hard and soft woods, the acoustic guitar, sometimes referred to as a folk guitar, is a modern descendent of the classical or Spanish guitar. Acoustic guitars can be modified with various pickup systems (electro-magnetic or piezo) and/or small internal condenser microphones that allow the guitar to be plugged into an amplifier or PA system. However, unlike electric guitars, they are primarily designed to be played acoustically and project as much acoustic energy as possible.

The steel strings give a much brighter and louder sound to the instrument. The added tension of the steel strings requires stronger bracing and heavier construction usually with a steel truss rod in the neck to keep it from bowing. It is usually played with a plectrum (flat pick) used to strum the strings. However, finger-style guitarists use a thumb pick and/or individual finger picks or simply their bare fingers and/or fingernails to pluck the strings individually, similar to classical guitar players.

Though most acoustic guitars have six strings, one common variation is the 12-string guitar which has six pairs (courses) of strings, the lower four of which are tuned an octave apart, while the high E and B strings are tuned in unison. The popularity of the acoustic guitar is due to its affordability, portability, and its ability to function as both a rhythm and melodic instrument. The guitar has become the signature instrument of western popular music and pop culture. It is the heart and soul of popular music of the mid to late 20 th and early 21 st centuries, including folk, bluegrass, country & western, rock, jazz, alternative, and pop.


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Some addictional note for Clarinet. Bear with me because it's quite long yea? Here it goes with my fullest explanation ...

Name:
Clarinet

Family:
Woodwind

How to Play:
By blowing wind directly into the instruments' edge and changing the pitch by opening and closing the holes with fingers.


Types:

There are various types of clarinets, among them are: Octave, Sopranino, Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Baritone, and Bass.

First known


The clarinet has undergone many changes and innovations through the years. From its' first inception during the late 1600's to today's clarinet models, this musical instrument has certainly been through a lot. Due to the many improvements it underwent, there are many different types of clarinets made throughout the years. Here are some of the well known types of clarinets from the highest to the lowest voice:


Sopranino Clarinet in A-flat
- More commonly used in Europe and Australia as a part of their military band. This type of clarinet is very rare and considered a collector's item by some.

Sopranino Clarinet in E-flat - Also called baby clarinet due to its' small size. In the past it took the place of the cornet or high trumpet. This is the type of clarinet used in Berlioz’s "Symphonie Fantastique".

Sopranino Clarinet in D - It is shorter than the C clarinet and is easier to play than the E-flat clarinet. This is the type of clarinet used by Richard Strauss in "Till Eulenspiegel".

Clarinet in C - This type of clarinet is suitable for children because of its' small size. It is shorter than the B-flat clarinet and pitched the same as pianos and violins. It's more suited for beginner's to use.

Clarinet in B-flat - This is the most commonly used type of clarinet. It is used in a variety of music ensembles such as school bands and orchestras. It has a range of 3 1/2 to 4 octaves and used in various music styles including jazz, classical and contemporary.

Clarinet in A - Mostly used in symphony orchestras, this type of clarinet is longer than the B-flat clarinet and is pitched a half note below. Used by both Brahms and Mozart in their chamber music.

Bassette Clarinet in A - This is one of the rare types of clarinets. It is constructed similar to an A clarinet. There are two kinds of bassettes: the straight clarinet and the bent horn. Used in Mozart's "Quintet for Clarinet and Strings" and Mendelssohn's "Duo concertant".

Bassette Horn in F - Similar in size as the Alto clarinet but pitched in F. In the past this type of clarinet was bent in the middle but now it is straight with a metal neck. Used by Mozart in his "Requiem".

Alto Clarinet in E-flat - Suitable for smaller music ensembles and is pitched in E-flat, an octave lower than the baby clarinet in E-flat. It is larger in size and players of this type of clarinet often use a strap or a floor peg.

Bass Clarinet in B-flat
- A heavy type of clarinet that needs a floor stand to be played. It has a larger bell and a curved neck. There are two variants of this type: one goes down to lower C and the other goes down to low E-flat. Used by Maurice Ravel in his "Rapsodie Espagnole".

Contra Alto Clarinet in E-flat
- This type of clarinet sounds one octave below the alto and has two forms: straight and loop. It has a deep register but seldom used in symphony orchestras.

Contra Bass Clarinet in B-flat
- This type of clarinet sounds one octave lower than the bass. It has either a straight shape, which is about 6 feet in length, and a U-shaped , which is about 4 feet in length. May either be made of metal or wood.

There are still other types of clarinets but the ones I listed above are the most known among the clarinet family.


Musician
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Addictional note which I think some people will love it if they interested in it.

Saxophone

Family:
Woodwind

How to Play:

The musician or saxophonist, places the mouthpiece in his mouth, with the reed gently resting on his bottom lip and his teeth on top of the mouthpiece. The mouthpiece must be sealed with his mouth before he blows.


Types:

There are many types of saxophones but generally they are divided into:

Soprano
- May be either straight or curved. It is in the key of B flat and may be difficult for beginners.

Alto
- May also be curved or straight, but because of its size and shape, it is recommended for beginners and is the most widely used. It is in the key of E flat.

Tenor - Larger than the alto sax and has a larger mouthpiece. It is in the key of B flat.

Baritone - The largest of the saxophone family.

There are many types of saxophones, each varying in size from 15 centimeters to 2 meters. Here we will look at the different types of saxophones that are most commonly used today.

Soprano Saxophone - This is in the key of B flat and may either be curved or straight. This type of saxophone is more difficult to learn and not advisable for beginning players. The reason is that correct embouchure is critical to play this type of saxophone successfully and newbies may find it difficult to precisely form the needed embouchure.

Alto Saxophone - This saxophone is medium sized and one of the most commonly played type of saxophone. If you're a beginner, the alto saxophone would be perfect to start with. It is curved with a smaller mouthpiece and is in the key of E flat.

Tenor Saxophone - It is larger than the alto saxophone and is in the key of B flat. The mouthpiece is also larger, the rods and tone holes are longer. This is the type of saxophone commonly used in jazz music. The neck of the tenor saxophone is prone to damage due to its length.

Baritone Saxophone - This is the largest among the common types of saxophones. The baritone sax may or may not have an extension attached to the end of the horn. If it has an extension it is called a low A baritone. Due to its size and shape, the baritone is quite prone to damage.

There are other rare types of saxophones such as the C Melody, F Mezzo Soprano, C Soprano, Bass, Conn-O-Sax and F Baritone.




Musician
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Addictional note from me too. Interested may also read it because it's free. Oh yes, I do play harp. Anything you interested, please feel free to ask.

Name:
Harp

Family:
String

How to Play:
Harps are played by strumming or plucking the strings while seated.


Types:


There are various types of harps:

Pedal Harp
- Also known as the classical harp, has 7 pedals at the base.

Lever Harp
- Also known as the folk harp, are non-pedal harps.
There are also Celtic, Irish, Wire-strung, Double strung and lap harps.

There are generally two types of harps: the pedal and non-pedal harp.

Pedal Harps - This type of harp is also called concert harp, classical harp, orchestral harp, concert grand harp and double-action pedal harp. The pedal harp varies in size and number of strings, usually it has from 41 to 47 strings and has a number of pedals on the base. The pedals are used to change the notes so that the player can play in different keys. This type of harp is the one you usually see in an orchestra.

Non-Pedal Harps - This is also referred to as lever harps, folk harps, Celtic and Irish harps. This type of harp comes in various sizes from the smallest, called lap harp, to the largest called floor harps. The non-pedal harps have usually between 20 to 40 strings and is tuned to a specific key such as C. This type of harp have levers the player can adjust to change the key. This is the kind of harp mostly recommended for beginners.


Specific Types of Non-Pedal Harps

Modern Lever Also referred to as Celtic/Neo-Celtic (wire, gut or hair strings), Neo-Gothic (nylon strings) and Folk harp.

Modern Wire Also called Clarsachs and Gaelic harp.

Multi-Course Harp Refers to harps that have more than one row of strings such as double, triple and cross-strung harps.


Musician
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Addictional note to all who play Trumpet Like Kazuki Hihara IN LA CORDA D'ORO

Name:
Trumpet

Family:
Brasswind

How to Play:
The musician, or trumpeter, vibrates his lips over the mouthpiece while pressing the valves on top. Mouthpieces can be changed to suit the music that will be played. For example jazz trumpeters prefer narrower mouthpieces.


Types:


There are different types of trumpets, the most commonly used is the B flat trumpet. There is also the C, D, E flat and piccolo trumpet (also known as Bach trumpet). There are also trumpet-related instruments such as the cornet, fluegel horn and bugles.

There are different types of trumpets distinguished by the key it is tuned to.

Here are the various types of trumpets:

Bb Trumpet - The B flat trumpet is the most common trumpet played by musicians and is used in bands and jazz ensembles. It produces a warm tone and is recommended for beginners.

C Trumpet
- Tuned to the key of C and is shorter than the B flat trumpet. It is commonly used in orchestras and has a brighter sound.

D Trumpet
- It became popular during the 19th century but was later on replaced by the Bb trumpet. Musicians still use the D trumpet to play Baroque music.

Eb Trumpet
- This is the type of trumpet used by Haydn for his concerto. Nowadays, this type of trumpet isn't commonly used in orchestras or ensembles.

E Trumpet
- This is in the key of E and is used to play concertoes by Hummel. Other than that, this type of trumpet is rarely used.

F Trumpet
- This trumpet has a higher pitch and was used to play Bach's Second Brandenburg Concerto. It was also replaced by the Bb trumpet later on.

G Trumpet
- In the key of G and is hard to find and rarely used.

Piccolo Trumpet
- Smaller than a Bb trumpet and is pitched an octave higher than a regular trumpet in the same key
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Haha, I think you are really enjoying this . By the way, thanks for the info! It was really interesting! I can't believe you actually like Yunoki *shudders* I especially liked the flute section since thats what I play. Maybe when I'm older and have my own money, I'll try out some of these flutes! And I've read that flutes are the first instrument recorded in history. Whoo! Go flutes!!
Musician
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BlackMagic98 wrote:

Haha, I think you are really enjoying this . By the way, thanks for the info! It was really interesting! I can't believe you actually like Yunoki *shudders* I especially liked the flute section since thats what I play. Maybe when I'm older and have my own money, I'll try out some of these flutes! And I've read that flutes are the first instrument recorded in history. Whoo! Go flutes!!



Heh, I love all guys in La Corda D'oro. But most most most favorite is Tuskimori, Hihara, Tsuchira and yonoki.
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Thats all of them except Shimizu! O.o, what do you have against him? My fave is definitely Tsukimori, then Hihara, Shimizu, Tsuchiura and Yunoki. I hate both Tsuchiura and Yunoki but I hate Yunoki more. Even though he plays flute, lol.
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yep i know that i studied music and we had a test about all of that above..=.=
it was horror trying to remember it all...
Its hard to memorize all that stuff!!!!
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animeluver_22 wrote:

yep i know that i studied music and we had a test about all of that above..=.=
it was horror trying to remember it all...
Its hard to memorize all that stuff!!!!


You had to memorize ALL of that? Wow!! That must have been horrible. I think the info is interesting but it would take a while to memorize all of that O.o
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Posted 7/21/08

BlackMagic98 wrote:


animeluver_22 wrote:

yep i know that i studied music and we had a test about all of that above..=.=
it was horror trying to remember it all...
Its hard to memorize all that stuff!!!!


You had to memorize ALL of that? Wow!! That must have been horrible. I think the info is interesting but it would take a while to memorize all of that O.o


i'm never taking the music history/instrument biography class AGAIN!! =.=
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