Post Reply Basic Lesson 2: Counters!
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Posted 9/19/08 , edited 12/3/08
I've noticed that in the introductory thread that there isn't the counter for days, or on the main page so here it is:

1st = ichinichi/tsuitachi
2nd = futsuka
3rd = mikka
4th = yokka
5th = itsuka
6th = muika
7th = nanoka
8th = youka
9th = kokonoka
10th = tooka

....everything else is normal Japanese numbers, but with "nichi" at the end, like "juuyon nichi" or "juuyokka" for the 14th.

This counter for the first ten numbers is close to the counter for round, or miscellanious objects. Counters for people, certain animals, floors in buildings, and so on, have different counters. This will do for now though.
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Posted 9/19/08 , edited 12/3/08

Counters for People:
1 = hitori
2 = futari
3 = sannin
4 = yonnin
5 = gonin
6 = rokunin
7 = shichinin
8 = hachinin
9 = kyuunin/kuunin
10 = juunin
...etc. All one really needs to do is add "-nin" at the end of regular Japanese numbers.

Counter for Regular, Round, Misc.: (like oranges and hamburgers)
1 = hitotsu
2 = futatsu
3 = mittsu
4 = yottsu
5 = itsutsu
6 = muttsu
7 = nanatsu
8 = yattsu
9 = kokonotsu
10 = too

Counters for Birds (and Rabbits, I think)
1 = ichiwa
2 = niwa
3 = sanwa
...etc. Everything is the same but with an added "-wa" at the end.

Counters for Minutes:***
:01 = ippun
:02 = nifun
:03 = sanpun
:04 = yonpun
:05 = gofun
:06 = roppun
:07 = nanafun
:08 = happun
:09 = kyuufun
:10 = juppun
:30 = han
NOTE: "gozen" is "a.m." and "gogo" is "p.m.", and you place one of these in front of the numbers.

*** = it is viewed impolite in Japan to be precise about things, or it makes you appear to be insistent, therefore rude. So you would put "goro" at the end of the time, which means "about". For example: "juuni ji juugofun goro" would be "About 12:15"

To express a time duration, you would put "gurai" at the end. The concept and rules of "gurai" is the same as "goro".
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Posted 12/3/08
For days of the month 14, 20, and 24 are different: 14 - juuyokka, 20 = hatsuka, 24 - nijuuyokka. Also, gozen is AM and gogo is PM.
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Posted 12/3/08

aZurmancer wrote:

For days of the month 14, 20, and 24 are different: 14 - juuyokka, 20 = hatsuka, 24 - nijuuyokka. Also, gozen is AM and gogo is PM.


This is what happens when you make those lists at 3 in the morning yeah, I put "gogo" and "gozen" in the wrong places, thanks for replying so I know what I did wrong.
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Posted 12/4/08

Ryukon wrote:


aZurmancer wrote:

For days of the month 14, 20, and 24 are different: 14 - juuyokka, 20 = hatsuka, 24 - nijuuyokka. Also, gozen is AM and gogo is PM.


This is what happens when you make those lists at 3 in the morning yeah, I put "gogo" and "gozen" in the wrong places, thanks for replying so I know what I did wrong.


Hehe. No problem.
Posted 6/10/09
arigatoo!!
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