Post Reply Learn Korean!!
Posted 9/30/08
Here are some korean words.you can ask me any other words u want 2 know!

Greetings

Hello: Annyong haseo (c), Annyong ha-shim-nee-ka (f), Annyong (i)
How are you?: Oh-toe-kay Jinay-sayo? (c), Yojuum Oh-toe-Shim-nee-ka? (f)
I’m Fine: Chal Jinay-sayo (c), Chal ji-nem-nee-da (f), Chal Jinay (i)
So-So: Kujoh-Kuray ssum-nee-da (c)
Nice to meet you: Manaso ban-gap ssum-nee-da (f)
See you later: Na-Juung-eh-bayo! (c) Na-Juung-eh-bah (i)
See you tomorrow: Nae-il-bayo (c), Nae-il-ba (i)
Goodbye: Annyonghee kay-sayo (c) when you are leaving
Annyonghee kah-sayo (c) when others are leaving

Polite Words

Thank you: Kamsa-ham-nee-da, Ko-mahp-ssum-nee-da (c),
Ko-ma-wo-yo (i)
(Very much) Dehdanee-kamsa-ham-nee-da (c)
Your welcome: Chon-man-ay-yo (c), Chon-man-ay (i)
Please: Ju-say-yo (c) meaning "please give me" at a store or restaurant
Pootak-ham-nee-da (c) in a taxi or asking for something
Excuse me: Cho-gee-yo (c) in a restaurant or to get someone's attention
Shill-ay-ham-nee-da (c) when bumping into somebody
I’m Sorry: Mee-an-ham-nee-da (c), Chwee-sung-ham-nee-da (f)

The Five English "W’s"

Who: Nu-gu
What: Mu-oht
Why: Wae
Where: O-dee
When: Ahn-jay

Places

Laundromat: Bah-lay-bong
Movie store: Bee-dee-oh-bong
Game room: Geh-eem-bong
Bakery: Bay-ee-kuh-ri
Department store: Bay-qwah-jum
Internet room: Een-tuh-net-bong, PC-Bong
Mountain: San (eg. Sorak-san)
Temple: Sa (e.g. Pulguk-sa)
My home: Jee-bay

Expressions

I understand: Al-guess-ssum-nee-da (c)
I don’t understand: Chal Mo-ruu-gey-ssum-nee-da, Mo-ruu-gey-ssum-nee-da (c)
Do you understand?: Al-guess-a-shim-nee-ka? (c)
Good Morning!: Cho-une-ah-cheem-ee-ay-yo! (c), Cho-une-ah-cheem! (i)
Have a good day: Cho-une-ha-ru-twaysayo (c)
Have a good night: Cho-une-baam-twaysayo (f)
Goodnight!: Chal-ja! (c)
No problem!: Moon-jay-ohp-so-yo! (c), Moon-jay-ohp-so! (i)
Of course!: Than-yohn-ha-da (c) Tahn-goon-ee-gee! (i)
Relax! Calm Down!: Cha-ma! Cha-ma! (i)
Cheers!: Kon-Bay! (c)
That’s interesting: Jay-mee-ta (c)
It’s cold!: Chew-eye-yo! (c)
It’s hot!: Doh-eye-yo! (c)
Great/Best!: Chway-go-da! (c)(i)
Let’s go!: Kap-shi-da! (c), Ka-ja! (i)
How much is it? Ol-ma-im-nee-kka? (c)
Sit down: An-jay-say-yo (c)
I’m from Canada: Kae-na-da eeso-wa-ssum-nee-da (c)
What is your name?: Eee-ru-mee oh-toe-kay dwee-shim-nee-ka (f)
My name is Peter: Chee-ear-ee-mun-Peter-eem-nee-da (f)
What’s new?: Sero-une-eel-ee-sye-yo? (c)
What’s up?: Moo-zuun-eell-ee-sye-yo? (c)

Words


Yes: Nay, Yay (c)
No: An-nee-yo (c)
Okay: Gwen-chen-ah-yo (c), Gwen-chen-ah (i)
Good: Cho-eye-yo (c)
Beer: Maek-ju, “ju” means “alcohol” (c)
Friend: Chin-guu (c)
Snack: An-ju (c)
Milk: Ooo-yu (c)
Nothing: Ohp-sye-yo, meaning “there is none” (c)
Cigarette: Tam-bae (c)
Pretty: Yep-boo-dah (c)
Bus: Boh-suh (c)
Room: Bong (c)
Bread: Bbahng (c)
Water: Mool (c)
Tea: Ch’ah (c)
English: ong-oh (c)
English Teacher: Yong-oh Kang-sa (c), Yong-oh Sonseng-nim (f)
Koreans: Han-guk (c)
Americans: Mee-gook (c)
People/Group: Sa-rahm (eg. Canadians are “Kae-na-da Sa-rahm”)

Pronunciation

There are several sounds in English that are not made in Korean. If you are aware of these sounds it will help you understand better when Koreans try to communicate with you. It is also a good class lesson as proper pronunciation is very important.

English Sound Korean Sound

"f" or "ph" as in "friend" = "p" sounds like "prend"
"r" as in "rice" = "l" sounds like "lice"
"th" as in "thanks" = "s" sounds like "ssanks"
"v" as in "video" = "b" sounds like "bideo"
"z" as in "zebra" = "j" sounds like "jeebra"
"i" as in "big" = "ee" sounds like "beeg"

The Korean language does not use word (syllable) stress so this is a very important point to teach them also. When a Korean speaks a word to you without any stress, ask them to spell the word and then explain the proper pronunciation and syllable stress.




Video = "Bee-dee-o"
Bakery = "Beh-eek-uh-ri"
Game = "Geh-eem"
Orange Juice = "Orangey-Juice-uh"
Taxi = "Tak-shi"
Coffee = "Co-pee"
Whiskey = "Wiss-uh-key"
Internet = "Een-toe-net-uh"
Margarine = "Mar-ga-reen"

Koreans have adopted several words and expressions from the English language into the Korean language. These words and expressions (known as "Konglish") are not used as they are in conventional English but rather in a different form understood and utilized by Korean society only. For example:

Cell Phone = "Hand-uh-pohne" (Hand phone)
Window shopping = "Eye-shop-peen" (Eye shopping)
Prime time = "Goal-deen-tye-muh" (Golden time)
Actor = "Tal-in-tuh" (Talent)
Apartment = "Ah-par-tuh" (Apart)
Laptop Computer = "Note-uh-book" (Notebook)
Pool/Billiards = "Poh-kett-ball-uh" (Pocketball)
Greenhouse = "Vie-nall-hous-suh" (Vinyl House)
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