Post Reply Japanese Lesson 2
Posted 10/22/08 , edited 11/22/08
Here is lesson two! Just so that you are all aware, I will be teaching you all about hiragana today,so this will be a long lesson……..

1)Basic Hiragana Syllables
There are 46 basic hiragana syllables, which are listed below.Once you memorize this chart,you will have the skill to transcribe all of the Japanese sounds.



If you search up more information on the Hiragana chart, you will find that there are two characters (wi and we) that are missing from this chart. This is because those two characters are no longer used.

2)Hiragana With Diacritical Marks
You can transcribe 23 additional sounds by adding diacritical marks.With a pair of short diagonal strokes( ″ ),which are called ‘dakuten’ or 'ten-ten' the unvoiced consonants k ,s ,t and h become voiced consonants g ,z ,d and b, respectively.The consonant h changes to p with he addition of a small circle ( ˚ ),which are called 'handakuten'.



3) Transcribing Contracted Sounds
Some や,ゆ andよ follow letters in the second column (i-vowel hiragana,except for い are used to transcribe contracted sounds.The contracted sounds represents a contracted syllable.




4)Transcribing Double Consonants
There is a small つ,which is used when transcribing double consonantssuch as tt and pp.
Examples: かった katta (won) cf. はた kata (shoulder)
さっか sakka (writer)
はっぱ happa (leaf)
ざっし zasshi (magazine)

5)Other Issues Relating To Transcription and Pronunciations
A)Long vowels
When the same vowel is placed one right after the other,the pronunciation of the vowel becomes twice as long as the single vowel.Be sure to hold the sound long enough,because the length of the vowel can change one word to another.
aa おばあさん obaasan (grandmother)
ii   おじいさん ojiisan (grandfather)
uu  すうじ suuji (numbers)

ee - The long ee sound is usuallu transcribe by adding anい to an e-vowel hiragana.There are a few words,however,in which お is used instead of い.
えいが eega (movie)
おねえさん oneesan (big sister)

Oo - The long oo sound is in most cases transcribe by adding an う to and o-vowel hiragana.There are,however,words in which the long vowel is transcribed with an お ,for historical reasons.
ほおりつ hooritsu (law)
とお too (ten)

B)Vowels To Be Dropped
The vowels i and u are sometimes to be dropped when placed between voiceless consonants(k ,s ,t ,p and h),or at the end of an utterance preceded by voiceless consonants.
Example: すきです s(u)kides(u) (I like it.)

Pronunciation Guide


Sorry if it looks a little messy....
Feel free to ask any questions if you don't understand.

~Taken from various groups and my textbook.
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25 / M / Kulaijaya, Johor,...
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Posted 5/19/10
Man, i need a lot of time to learn this stuff...
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Posted 5/24/10
@ Hafidz510 take ur time to learn, dun worry (:
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Posted 8/21/10
y does at the hiragana sound change, there are 2 'zu' word?
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Posted 3/25/11 , edited 3/25/11

Hafidz510 wrote:

y does at the hiragana sound change, there are 2 'zu' word?


since there is ''tsu'' and ''su'' and when we add '' in the corner they change to zu
but in this thing you have to be careful to not mess up but it's easy to remember
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