Post Reply Sony Vegas Guide (Basics)
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Posted 1/12/09 , edited 1/12/09
A good way to learn Sony Vegas is to just play around with it a bit, so whenever you can, try some things out. This guide will help you on your way...

You may find that you don't want to read all the information and only looking for certain types of things. So hit "ctrl+f" and type in the code next to the title of what you're looking for in the contents (In between the brackets) and click next.

Contents:
Setting up your Sony Project
Your working area [YWA]
Importing [IMPT]
Adding Effects and transitions [AET]
Grouping and Ungrouping [GRUN]
Splitting Layers [SLAY]
Using the trimmer [UTRM]
Pan/Crop and masking [PCM]
Video Tracks [VIDT]
Layers [LYER]
Keyframes [KYFM]

I'm sure you know how to set up your Sony Vegas Project as indicated by Lovely-Complex found in http://www.crunchyroll.com/forumtopic-390056/Guide-to-VirtualDub-and-DGIndex.html

Setting Up Your Sony Vegas Project:

Audio Tab:


Template: You can choose from a large number of templates to create your project. If you are a DV user you should select the template that is most appropraite to your Hardware. As in avi or avs user you will want to configure your project based on your source.

Vegas has a useful little option that can read an avi file in order to work out some of the settings. You can do that with the folder icon if you wish. It is not smart enough to configure everything correctly but it's a useful tool anyway.

Width, Height: This should be identical to the frame size of your avisynth footage. This will depend on what aspect ratio options you decided on earlier.

Field Order: If you have progressive (IVTC or deinterlaced) footage then you should set this to None. If you have interlaced footage you will need to specify the field order, just like you did in the Analysing your Footage stage. DV users will want to select Lower Field First.

Pixel Aspect Ratio: PAR, in editing, really doesn't do that much. It's primarily useful for making sure things on the screen look exactly the way they do when they are exported and also to cater for Hardware implementations. I don't really care for this benefit - I always choose square pixels and keep the format pixel for pixel as it is. I know exactly what is happening to the footage and, like I described in the Aspect Ratio section, it doesn't affect quality you just need to be more careful about any graphics you add.

Frame Rate: If you are editing FILM footage (IVTC'd or whatever) then you will want to choose 23.976fps (IVTC film). Full NTSC should be 29.97fps and PAL should be 25fps.

Full-resolution redering quality: Obviously you'll want the best :)

Motion Blur type: Gaussian is fine.

Deinterlace Method: This should always be set to None for progressive footage. For interlaced footage it's a different story as you will need to deinterlace if you wish to slow clips down and so on. Both blurring and interpolation have their own merits although I'd prefer interpolation. If it looks rubbish then switch to blurring

Audio Tab:


Master Bus Mode: Should be stereo - that's a no brainer.

Number of Stereo Buses: The nature of amvs means that it's unlikely you will need this any higher than 0. If you are doing complex audio work, read the manual and find out what this option is all about. Otherwise just leave it at 0.

Sample Rate: 44,100 Hz for CD ripped wav audio or 48,000 Hz for editing audio obtained from a DVD source.

Bit Depth: This will be 16bit if you have ripped audio from a CD or DVD. 24bit and above will usually only be needed if you have recorded audio yourself.

Resample Quality: You shouldn't be resampling anyway, but set it to best just to be safe.

It is possible to produce 5.1 surround sound projects with Vegas but for most amv makers this is extraneous, particularly as conventions and internet distribution are not the best place for this kind of audio.

Ruler Tab:


Ruler time format: Lots of options here. The format that the timeline will be measured in can be changed at any time. You should either choose an SMTPE format to match your fps or you should choose frames or something simliar.

(Setting Up You Sony Vegas Project, taken from AMV.org)




Your working area [YWA]

You may find that your screen is divided into several areas when you start your Sony project. Originally, it would look like this.



If you want your dock windows to be at the bottom of your working area, go to Options>Preferences>Display tab and uncheck Dock windows at top of main window, then press ok.



You may also resize your docking area sections, the timeline and tracklist by hovering your mouse in between each section as indicated by the red lines. You may also use "F11, ctrl+F11,Shift+F11".
F11- minimizes/restores the docking area.
Shift+F11- minimizes/restores the tracklist
Ctrl+F11-minimizes/restores the timeline


Now that you know the basics of your working area, lets move on..

Importing
[IMPT]

If you want to import something, you can just drag it in or you can go to File>Import (I'm sure you won't need a screencap for that).

You will find that the media you imported is in the "Project Media" tab (unless you drag the file directly onto the timeline). If it's in the Project Media tab, drag the file onto the timeline.



After that, you may find that the clip your editing is hard to see and edit, if that's the case, drag the edge of the scroller to make it easier to see.

(Note:You may also create Video tracks and audio tracks,right-click on an empty space of the timeline and select either "Insert video track" or "Insert audio track")


You may also zoom in with the side scrollers by dragging the ends of the scroller.

Adding effects and transitions
[AET]

To add effects, go to the "Video FX" tab.Then select the effect in the contents, and you will see a series of eyes pop up next to it. These are default options to how you want your desired effect to be. Simply drag one of the eyes onto your file on the timeline.

A window will pop up when you do so, and this window lets you adjust the settings of your effect. Play around with the settings, and see what you come up with.
If you want to remove your effect, simply untick the effect tab in your settings window for your effect.


To add a transition, hop over to the "Transition" tab. As you did with the effects, select the transition, and a series of options will pop up again. Drag the eye transition on to either ends of the clip you're editing. A settings window will pop up for transitions as well. You can adjust the length of the transition by hovering over the end of the transition, as shown below, and dragging it.



Grouping and Ungrouping [GRUN]
When you drag a clip with audio onto the timeline, the video clip and audio clip will be grouped, meaning that whenever you do something to the video clip, happens to the audio as well. In an AMV, you would want to remove the audio. To do this, simply click on the video clip or audio track and hit "U" which stands for ungroup. To group two clips or audio tracks together, hold ctrl and click on the clips you want to group and hit "G".

Splitting layers [SLAY]
Splitting layers is also important in AMV making, so just select the clip you want to split, and drag the line (cursor position) to whichever point you want to split and hit "S".



Using the trimmer [UTRM]
The trimmer may be useful to help you pick the scenes you want to edit. So in your project media, right-click the file you want to edit, and go to "Open in trimmer". You will see that it is opened up in the trimmer tab. Now go to the section you want to edit and click on it, but don't let go of the left-click, and drag it across to whenever you want that scene to end. You would only want the video clip not the audio, so right-click and go to "Select video only" or press "Tab". Then, just right-click it again and go to "copy". Next, simply paste it onto a video track on the timeline.
(Note: If it is hard to see, you may also zoom in by dragging the ends of the scroller)



Pan/Crop and masking
[PCM]
Right-click on the clip you want to edit, and go to "Video Event Pan/Crop" or click the small square on the clip.This will open up the Event Pan/Crop window. It should look like this:

You will notice that your clip is outlined in a sort of marching ants way. Hover your mouse over the edge and drag it around to however you desire.If you want your clip back to normal, right-click and go to "Restore".
Play around with the tools on the side and figure out what they do (except the Second and third tool-vertically going down) ;O The last tool of the vertical list, when you click on it, it will change into a different icon.It will change two times before returning back to it's original icon. You might think, what gives?! Well, what it means is if you want to move freely, or move it around horizontally (only) or vertically (only). These are the three icons:
-Drag things around freely
-Drag things around X-axis only (horizontally)
-Drag things around Y-axis only (vertically)

Panning is easy, just drag in between the marching-ants area (not the edges).
But masking on the other hand, may be a little bit more difficult...
Now, in the Event Pan/Crop window, tick the box near the bottom that says "Mask".

Select the "Anchor Creation tool" which is the second tool-going down of the vertical list. Then, on your clip, whatever you want to mask out, draw around it, but don't draw around it like in the program paint, You have to draw by clicking from one section to another as shown below.

Sometimes you might want to zoom in to do a more accurate mask. You can use the "Zoom Edit Tool" (which looks like a magnifying glass) or you can just scroll in with the button on the middle of your mouse if you have it.


Once you done with your mask, you can edit your anchors (The squares around your masked image) by using the normal edit tool, and drag it into place. On the side, you will also see some options and numbers and stuff. Lets go through a quick run of what it is. Under the "Path" title, you will see a series of settings. The first setting is "Mode". You can change the mode to either Positive or Negative. The images below show what it does.
Positive


Negative


Next we will look at "Opacity". This basically just means how transparent you want you mask to be.
The "Feather Type" option softens the edge of your mask. There are three options for Feather Type- Both/In/Out. Try it out and see what it does Below Feather Type is "Feather Percentage". This just adjusts how much you want your mask to be softened.

The edges of the mask are softened (Feather type is "both" with a percentage of about 4.1)

Video Tracks
[VIDT]
Changing the colours of tracks- To change the colours of a video track, right click on an empty space of the track controls and go to track display colour. It will give you a sub menu with a selection of colours, pick whatever colours you want. If you want to edit the colours of the submenu, go to Options>Preferences>Display tab.

What a video track basically does is control whatever clip that is on it. There are a number of controls that are on it. Try it out, and see what it does to your clips, I'll explain a few of them.



If you wish to rename your track, Right-click>Rename.

Layers [LYER]

The top layer while be the only layer visible unless you mask the clip,chroma key it or resize it. It's possible to switch layers around, just drag the video track controls (empty space) down or up as you please.

Keyframes [KYFM]
Keyframes define the state of an effect's settings at a given point in time.
You can find the keyframe controller at the bottom of Video FX, Track Motion, and Transition dialogs . It's used to add/remove keyframes and adjust the settings for individual keyframes. Each keyframes should look diamond-shaped.
Go foward/backwards in time in the keyframe controller to a certain point of time and adjust the settings to add a keyframe or you can hit "Insert". If you want to remove a keyframe, select it, and hit "delete".

More Updates to come...
Made by BoundariesOfLife
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Posted 1/31/09
vegas is so depressing LoL i cant even figure out how to use the trimmer
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Posted 1/31/09

Meowsa wrote:

vegas is so depressing LoL i cant even figure out how to use the trimmer


Lol no one uses the trimmer, not that i know of...just press 's' in the clip in the time line =)
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Posted 1/31/09

Lovely-Complex wrote:


Meowsa wrote:

vegas is so depressing LoL i cant even figure out how to use the trimmer


Lol no one uses the trimmer, not that i know of...just press 's' in the clip in the time line =)


Oooh? i thought thats how you had to cut things out that you didnt want in your clip... D:
AMVMaker regulars
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Posted 1/31/09
ah, yeah, it is, lol. It's like when you split in wmm, you press the button next to the screenshot button (left) under the preview window (Ctrl+L). In vegas, you hit "s" to split it.
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Posted 2/17/09
man... i dunno if its vegas or my computer but this program is frustrating!
Sometimes I cant do the fade thing... it wont let me render my project properly...

*throws computer out the window*
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Posted 2/19/09

Meowsa wrote:

man... i dunno if its vegas or my computer but this program is frustrating!
Sometimes I cant do the fade thing... it wont let me render my project properly...

*throws computer out the window*


ganbatte missa-chan...i mean san
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Posted 2/19/09
-san indeed
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Posted 2/19/09

Meowsa wrote:

-san indeed


.....
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Posted 2/26/09
Sony turned out to be an alright program to work with thanks to help i got in reply to my noob questions
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