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Post Reply ~How to Manga~
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Posted 1/14/09 , edited 1/14/09

Anatomy (eyes)
The eyes are said to be the windows to the soul. To draw the eye, you have to understand a few basics about it.


Let's start with the front view of the eye. The first example to the left shows the average eye in real life. It's almond-shaped, has circular pupils, lashes
above and below, and lines around the eye defining the eyeball.

To draw eyelashes, draw it outwards away from the eye and eyelid. Note that it's a bit curved.

Also, eyelashes are generally taller at the center of the eye and smaller as it goes to the ends of the eye as shown above right. (T = tall, S = small)


The side view of the eye is shown above. Notice the pupil is more elliptical or ovular than it is circular. The basic shape of the eye now looks triangular
rather than almond-shaped.

The eyelashes is drawn a bit differently as well. It still curves away from the eye but the upper lashes curve upwards and the lower eye lashes move downwards.
Again, the length of the lashes change from tall to short as indicated by T and S.

Most people draw eyes by drawing shapes. To make it simpler, I found that there are four basic ways of drawing eyes.


1. The first type of eye is the slit. Characters drawn with these eyes are usually older people. To draw this type eye, its' basically a single line drawn
a bit upwards.
2. The second type of eye is the almond eye. These type of eyes go to a point at each end. There are two examples here to clarify that the points in the
end do not have to meet and can look different even though they're in the same category.
3. The third type is the pointed end and open center. The center refers to the area of the eye closest to the center of the face. In this case, the lines
of the upper and lower lid are wide apart at the center and close together at the end.
4. The fourth type is the open end and pointed center. This is the opposite of the third type. Wide at the ends and pointed near the center.

Below are various eyes with different shapes for your reference.

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Posted 1/14/09

These are various expressions from happy to mad. The little drawing on the side shows the basic layout of the face when its making the expression with the
bigger drawing. Click on the image for a larger view.

Angry > Really Angry > Mad

Bellow: Furious > Mad Like Hell

Dumbfounded > Really Dumbfounded

Happy > Really Happy

Extremely Happy > Tearfully Happy


Awe > Exasperated > Frightened


Sad > Tearfully Sad

Really Sad > Bawling

Troubled > Thoughtful

Normal > Frightened

Surprised > Really Surprised

Spaced Out

 
Posted 1/14/09 , edited 1/14/09
Drawing eyes and hands have to be the hardest part, for me at least. Thanks yai for all the info.
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Posted 1/15/09

Raiden_Stormstrider wrote:

Drawing eyes and hands have to be the hardest part, for me at least. Thanks yai for all the info.


I've always been pretty okay at drawing eyes... It's the hands and hair I always have trouble drawing... TT_TT
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Posted 1/16/09

Head.
Step 1
Draw a circle. Now draw a vertical line at the center of the circle. Make horizontal dashes at the center of the circle. A bit below the dashed lines,
draw another horizontal line.


Step 2
At the bottom half of the circle, draw the jaw-line of your character that meets at the center vertical line. It should basically look like a big "V" in
the end. Draw two vertical lines at the base of the jaw to make the neck.


Step 3
Add the eyes at the horizontal line with eyebrows going up to the dashed horizontal line. Make your nose along the vertical line and end with the mouth
just below it. Draw the ears as high as the dashed line and about as low as the nose.


Step 4
Draw in the hair. Notice the hair doesn't hug the circle. Instead, it goes above it. After all, hair is poofy!


Step 5
After you're done making changes, ink your drawing and erase your pencil lines. You're done! Note: To make a thinner face, just make your circle more like
an oval.

 
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Posted 1/16/09
Head, side view.

Step 1
Draw a circle. Now draw a vertical line at the center of the circle. Make horizontal dashes at the center of the circle. A bit below the dashed lines,
draw another horizontal line.


Step 2
At the bottom half of the circle, draw the jaw-line by making a straight line down and then moving it upwards to wards the center line. Notice it's the
same process whether you're drawing the head facing left or right.
Add the back of the neck by drawing a line downwards about midway of the other side of the circle.


Step 3
Add the eyes at the horizontal line with eyebrows going up to the dashed horizontal line. Since this is a side view, you have to draw your eyes and eyebrows
as such.
Now draw an ear originating from the center line. Ears would normally go up to the dashed lines.
For the outline of the face, use the straight line as a guideline to draw your nose, mouth and chin. Notice the way a long and short nose differs from
each other when drawn.
Also, to add a little prominance to the forehead, just add a line on the upper half of the face. This way, the forehead won't look so flat.


Step 4
Draw in the hair. Notice the hair doesn't hug the circle. Instead, it goes above and around it. Hair is poofy after all.


Step 5
After you're done making changes, ink your drawing and erase your pencil lines. And you're done!

 
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Head, quoter side view.
Step 1
Draw a circle. Now draw a vertical line at the center of the circle. Make horizontal dashes at the center of the circle. A bit below the dashed lines,
draw another horizontal line.
Draw two curved lines. The longer line will indicate the middle of the face while the shorter one will guide the placement of the ear.

Step 2
To draw the jaw, start from the edge of the circle on the bottom half and go down to the curved line. From there, draw a line upwards towards the ear mark.
Draw one neck line near the ear mark and the other side just below the chin.

Step 3
Add the eyes at the horizontal line with eyebrows going up to the dashed horizontal line. Being a quarter view, draw the farthest eye a bit smaller.
Draw your nose on the mid-line and the mouth just below it.
As for the ear, use the shorter line as a guide to start and end the ear. Use the dashed line as a guide for the highest point of the ear.

Step 4
Draw in the hair. Remember, the hair is poofy so it goes above the circle. If the hair is cur short though, the closer it is to the circle. Add in any
jewelry, hats, etc at this time too.

Step 5
When you're ready, ink your character and erase the pencil marks.

 
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Head Back view.
Step 1
Draw a circle. Now draw a vertical line at the center of the circle. Make horizontal dashes at the center of the circle. A bit below the dashed lines,
draw another horizontal line. (Does this sound familiar? :D)

Step 2
At the bottom half of the circle, draw the neck with two lines going down. Now draw the jaw-line of your character that ends at the neck. If you need to,
draw your jawline till they meet at the center vertical line.

Step 3

Draw in the ears. Remember, this is the back of the head, so you have to draw the ears as it would look from behind. I tend to see it as an elongated letter
"C".

Step 4
Draw in the hair. Notice that in this case the hair covers the jaw but doesn't cover the ears. For characters with bushy, long hair, they'll cover the
ears too.

Step 5
Add any accessory - hat, jewelry, etc. - then ink your drawing. You're done!

 
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Posted 1/17/09

Head: looking down view.
Step 1
Draw a circle. Now draw a vertical line at the center of the circle. Make horizontal dashes at the center of the circle. A bit below the dashed lines,
draw another horizontal line. (Blah, blah, blah - same 'ol thing)

Step 2
At the bottom half of the circle, draw the jaw line. Notice that this is closer to the circle than if you're drawing regular front view. Draw the neck
in too which is a bit wider than other views as well.

Step 3

Before you draw in the face, draw two curved lines bending down a bit. Use the other two lines made before to guide you. Draw in the eyes, eyebrow, ear,
nose, and mouth using the lines drawn as guidelines.

Step 4
Draw in the hair. Note that the top of the head shows a lot more than when face on.

Step 5
Add any accessory then ink your drawing and you're done!

 
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Head: looking up.
Step 1

Draw a circle. Now draw a vertical line at the center of the circle. Make horizontal dashes at the center of the circle. A bit below the dashed lines,
draw another horizontal line.

Step 2
At the bottom half of the circle, draw a curve very, very close to the circle.


Step 3
Now make two lines that curve upwards. Use the dashed and solid horizontal lines as a marker if needed. Then, draw the eyebrows on the upper curve and
the eyes just on top of the lower curve. Draw the nose just on or below the lower cruve.
The mouth should be about on the solid horizontal line. Draw the ears from the dashed lines to a little bit below the solid horizontal line.
Since this is an up view, the jaw turns up and points to the viewer. You've drawn the section of the neck earlier on step 2. Now draw the jawline above
that line so the final result looks like an almond shape.

Step 4
Pencil in the hair of your character. Add any other accessores if you like too.

Step 5
Ink your work and you're done!

 
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Lips/ Mouth
Yes, most anime character's have a line for lips but most adult or older character's usually have the whole lip drawn.

Lips, like the nose, can be divided into sections. The ends are inverts of each other and the middle dips on the upper lips and rises on the lower lip.
Of course, there are variations to the lips and can be thin and even curveless. Male lips tend to be on the thinner side and females, curvy.

As with the front view, quarter and side views of the lips can be divided into sections. For quarter views, the middle of the lip is now near all bunched
up at one area and tapers to a point at the end of the lips. There is still the dips and the rise on the lips - just closer together. For side views, all
you have to remember is that the lips come together to form a point - a sideways "v".

Lips at side
Now on to drawing simplified lips...
The image shows three simplified versions of lips at profile. Notice how the head corresponds with the lips: simple lip = simple profile, realistic
lips = realistic profile. Of course, there is also the middle ground. Some more examples below at quarter view with ranges from simple to realistic.

If you still have some trouble drawing lips without the three lines to help you as in the previous page, all you really need is the middle line. Whether
the lips is on repose or is moving, as long as you have the center line to guide you, you should be fine. Don't forget to erase it though!

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Eyebrows has as much character as any part of the face. In anime, though, the eyebrows tend to be drawn generically making all character's basically have
the same kind. shows how differences in thickness and even the shape of the eyebrow has a different effect overall.

When drawing eyebrows on quarter and side views, the shape of the eyebrow must also be reflected in your drawing. Eyebrows at these two points of views
are similar all the time so just keep it in mind you're drawing.

 
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Ears
Basics
Here's the lowdown on ears. Yes, most characters get the simplified ear but it comes in handy to know actual, real anatomy. (hint, hint) This image to
the right shows the two most common ears: the first has a hanging lobe and the second has the lobe directly attached. Other than that, the ear has the
outer helix which shows up quite frequently in the simplified anime ear.


Above are several views of the ear with the standard ear plus several simplified versions. From the left: full view, quarter view, and back view. The back
view has no simplified drawings as it's already as simplified as you can get.

 
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Ear types.
There are two types of ears, animal and human. Below are an example of a cat ear and a human ear elongated (elf, fairy ears).

Shown above are cat ears and different views of the cat ear (center). To draw a cat ear, all you have to remember is that the base is a semi-circle that
goes up to a point. The whole ear, viewed from the back is a triangle (or at least a curvy one ^^). When viewed at profile, the ear is still a triangle
except half of the back view. Remember to add the little tuft of fur inside the ear!

These ears above are just like human ears except longer and in some cases also wider. Above are two versions, one really long, and the other much shorter
but wider. At the center are views of the ear at profile, back, and quarter back view. Long ears also allow the character to move it much more than normal
human ears are able. Below are some examples of ear movement for long ears.
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Basics
The nose is one of the most prominent features in the face but in anime's and manga, they become simplified to the point that is just becomes a line or
even a dot in most cases. Above is an example of the transition from realistic nose to over-simplified.

Although you may be drawing small noses for young characters most of the time, one quick way to add age to a character is to draw a more realistic nose.
While we're talking about character, you can add "character" to a person by the type of nose they have. Thin, thick, long, short, snub, perky, drooping,
aquiline - the choices are endless! This is especially true as to the profile the nose creates in a side view.

Drawing the nose in ther quarter view has the same concept as drawing the face or any part of the body, basically. A nice breakdown is shown on the left
where the nose is divided into quarters. Since the nose is in a quarter view, one quarter is on the other side and is not viewable hence only 3/4 is left.
Below the graphed nose are examples of a normal to a simplified nose.

Nose Side View
Drawing the side view of the nose is quite similar to the 3/4 view. The only difference is the slight change in position of the nostril and the nostril
wing (semi-circle). Note that the point of the nose is still basically half of a diamond.

When coloring or toning your nose, though, you have to remember that it's three dimensional and the basic shading of the realistic nose pretty much transfer
onto the simplified drawn nose.

 
Note, just look at the pics above for reference, I've uploaded them first.
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