Post Reply The Titans
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FIRST CRONOS THE FATHER OF ZUEZ

In Greek mythology, Cronos was the leader and also the youngest of the first generation of Titans. During the reign of Ouranos, the sky, the hundred-armed Hecatonchires and one-eyed Cyclops were imprisoned within Tartarus, causing Gaia great pain. She created a stone sickle for one of her Titan sons to kill Ouranos and take his place as ruler. Only Cronos was willing to do the deed, and so Gaia gave him the sickle and placed him in ambush. When Ouranos met with Gaia, Cronos attacked his father and cut off his genitals, castrating him and casting the severed member into the sea. From the blood sprouted the Gigantes, Erinyes, and Meliae. From the member that was cast into the sea, Aphrodite emerged.

After defeating Ouranos, Cronos re-imprisoned the Hecatonchires and the Cyclops along with the Gigantes and set the dragon Campe to guard them. He and his sister-wife Rhea took the throne of the world as king and queen. This period of Cronos' rule was called the Golden Age, as the people of the time had no need for laws or rules; everyone did the right thing, and immorality was absent.

Cronos learned from Gaia and Ouranos that he was destined to be overcome by his own son, just as he had overthrown his father. As a result, although he sired the gods Demeter, Hera, Hades, Hestia, and Poseidon by Rhea, he swallowed them all as soon as they were born to preempt the prophecy. The sixth and final child, Zeus, would become the son destined to overthrow Cronos and defeat the Titans.

Cronos was usually depicted with a sickle, which he used to harvest crops and also the weapon used to defeat Ouranos. Other children he is reputed to have fathered is Chiron, by Philyra.


THE EVER PRESENT MOTHER OF EARTH. THE TITAN GAIA

In Greek mythology, Gaia (Γαîα) was the primal goddess personifying the earth. She was a primordial and chthonic diety and was considered the Mother Goddess of all life. She was born of Chaos, arising as the everlasting foundation of the gods of Olympus. She created the god Ouranos, the starry sky, who was also her equal, to cover her, the hills, and the fruitless deep of the sea, Pontus. Together they created Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, and the Titans Hyperion and Iapetus, Theia and Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, and Phoebe of the golden crown, and Tethys. After them was born Cronos, the wily, youngest, and most terrible of her children, who hated his sire.

The first of her children were actually the giant one-eyed Cyclops: Brontes (thunderer), Steropes (lightning), and Arges (bright). After them were born the hideous hundred-handed Hecatonchires: Cottus, Briareos, and Gyges, each bearing 50 heads. Ouranos, disgusted by their appearance, hid the Cyclops and Hecatonchires in Tartarus so that they would not see the light, rejoicing in what he had done. This caused great pain to Gaia, so she created a grey flint and shaped a great flint sickle, gathering the Titanes together asking them to obey her.

Out of the Titanes, Cronos was the only one boldest enough to take the flint sickle and castrate his father as he approached Gaia to have intercourse with her. Cronos did this cruel deed and from the drops of blood and semen, Gaia brought forth more progeny, the strong Erinyes, the armored Giants, and the ash-tree Nymphs called the Meliae. From Ouranos’ testicles thrown into the sea came forth Aphrodite.

It was because of this that the Titans were given their name. “Titans” means “strainers”, for they strained and did presumptuously a fearful deed, for which vengeance would come afterwards. Since Ouranos was disposed by his own son, so too would Cronos in the future. The Cyclops were released from Tartarus, and Cronos was given kingship among the Titans, beginning the Golden Age of Mankind. Gaia and Ouranos would be separated for all time because of what Cronos had done. She gave birth to Echidna and Typhon by Tartarus. By Pontus, Gaia birthed the sea-dieties Nereus, Thaumas, Phorcys, Ceto, and Eurybia. Aergia, a goddess of sloth and laziness, was the daughter of Aether and Gaia.

Zeus had hidden Elara, one of his lovers, from Hera by hiding her under the earth. His son by Elara, the Giant Tityas, was therefore sometimes said to be the son of Gaia and Elara. Gaia also made the hero Aristaeus immortal.

Gaia was believed by some sources to be the original deity behind the Oracle at Delphi. She passed her powers on to, depending on the source, Poseidon, Apollo or Themis. Apollo was the best-known as the oracle power behind Delphi, long established by the time of Homer, having killed Gaia's child Python there and usurped the chthonic power. Hera punished Apollo for this by sending him to King Admetus as a shepherd for nine years.

In classical art Gaia was represented in one of two ways. In Athenian vase painting she was shown as a matronly woman only half risen from the earth, often in the act of handing the baby Erichthonius (a future king of Athens) to Athena to foster.


THE TITAN OF WEATHER AND CALAMITY. TYPHON

In Greek mythology, Typhon (Τυφῶν) was the final son of Gaia, fathered by Tartarus, and was also the god of wind. The enraged Gaia created Typhon, who attempted to replace Zeus as the king of gods and men. He was described as the largest and most grotesque of all creatures that had ever lived, having a hundred serpent heads with dark flickering tounges flashing fire from their eyes and a din of voices with a hundred serpents legs. This physical appearance was enough to scare all the gods into hiding by transforming themselves into animals.

Only Zeus built up enough courage to face Typhon. The titanic struggle between the two created massive earthquakes and tsunamis. He was eventually defeated by Zeus’ thunderbolts, trapping him beneath the enormous Mount Etna for all time.

Typhon was also the father of hot dangerous storm winds which issued forth from the stormy part of Tartarus. With Echidna, Typhon bore thousands of monsters of Greek myth, including the Hydra, Cerberus, and the Chimera.


THE MOST POWERFUL TITAN ATLAS

In Greek myth, Atlas was the Titan who was forced to forever stand atop Mount Atlas and hold the sky on his shoulders, as punishment for leading the Titans in the war. The myth is misunderstood as Atlas holding up the world in modern light - this is incorrect. The 'globe' that Atlas holds in classical art is supposed to be a celestial sphere as opposed to the Planet Earth.

THE TITAN RULER OF THE SUN HYPERION

In Greek mythology, Hyperion was one of the mighty Titans. He ruled the sun along with his sister Theia, and was also the father of Helios (the god of the Sun) and Eos (the goddess of Dawn).
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