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Japenese Language Tips
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28 / F / singapore
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Posted 6/15/08


Duu-Mushishi
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Send Message 18 / M / Next to my neighbour...
Offline Posted 11 hours ago Quote

may2rox wrote:

hmm anata means you and darling right?”

it has double meaning, and it is also used as "you" but in a more formal way


o.o really thanks ^^
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nande yune-what the heck
aremasenka- if it isn't ____
onegai-please
daijoubu- i'm fine
daijoubo desu ka?-are you feeling well?,are you okay?
kore wa nandesuka?- what is that?
bara-rose
tomodachi-friends
baka- stupid,moron
egosu- lets go
hayuko- hurry up
mizuki- a beautiful moon
nani?-what?
nande?-why, sometimes used as what
kaori- smells good
yurosai-shut up
yurosai ja nai- will you shut up?
baka desu ka?-are you stupid?
arigatou- thanks
domo arigatou- thanks alot
omae wa desu ka?-who are you?
honto dare?- another term for who are you?
henta omae- you're acting strange
yuro konde- my pleasure
sakura- cherry blossom
shikushou- shit...
yurosheku onegai shimasu- niv=ce to meet you
yukata- thank goodness
dozo- here
hai-yes
iya- no
nande monai- it's nothing
yuki- snow
kore wa nandesuka?- what are you doing?



i think that all .....
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i'll post a veeeeeeeeeeery long list that i've compiled and gathered from a number of sources in 2 weeks, so pls w8
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Pronouns

Watakushi(most polite)
Watashi(formal)
Ware(very polite)
Waga(my)
[own name](kids only)
Oira(similar to ore)
[You]
Otaku
Anata
Kimi
Omae
Anta
On-sha
Ki-sha
[He/She]
Ano Kata(very fomal)
AnoHito(formal)
Yatsu(informal)a thing(very informal)dude
Aitsu(very informal, hostile)
[He]
Kare(can also mean BF&lover)
[She]
Kanojo(can also mean Gf & lover)
[We]
Hei-sha{Formal& Humble}(for representing 1’s own company)
Waga-sha{Formal}
(also for company representation)
[They]
Kare-ra
Ware-ware

[Thou]
Nanji(common)
Sonata(old-fashioned, pompous)
[Suffixes]
Tachi(informal)= we
Kata/Gata(more polite than tachi)
Domo(humble, can be rude)
Ra(informal, used with hostile words)
[I-Male]
Ore
Boku
Washi(old men)
Wagahai(boastful)
Oresama(pompous)
Ware(may sound old)
[You-Male]
Temee/Temae(used when angry)
Kisama(extremely hostile & rude)
Koitsu(“this guy”, rather hostile)
Nanji/Nare(archaic)
Omae(direct; abrupt; sometimes hostile) equivalent to “dear”
[I-Female]
Atai(slang of atashi)
Atashi(informal)
Atakushi(formal)
Watashi(more frequently used by women)
[own name]
[You-Female]
Anata-Equivalent to “dear”

Family
Kazoku=Family
Sofu 祖父
Sobo祖母
Oji 叔父/伯父
Oba 叔母/伯母
Chichi 父
Haha 母
Ani 兄
Ototo 弟
Ane 姉
Imoto 妹
Musuko 息子
Musume 娘
Kanai/Tsuma=Wife
Itoko=cousin
*Gokazoku
*Ojii-san おじいさん
*Obaa-san お婆さん
*Oji-san おじさん
*Oba-san おばさん
*Otou-san お父さん
*Okaa-san お母さん
*Onii-san お兄さん
*Otouto-san 弟さん
*Onee-san お姉さん
*Imouto-san 妹さん
*Goshujinご主人
(husband)
*Oku-san奥さん (Wife)
*Musoku-san 息子さん
*Ojou-san=Daughter
*Oitoko-san
*aka-chan赤=Baby
*Onaji/Occhan=old man

Honorifics
Sanさん
Kun君
Chanちゃん
Tanたん(cuter ver. of chan)
Senpai先輩=superiors
Kohai後輩=juniors
Sensei先生
Sama様
Shi=toward a person never actually met
Dono/Tono殿
Ue
Heika=royal title
Denka=non-soverign royal title
Kakka=for ambassador or heads of state
Hime
Shogo=martial art title
Renshi=Instructor
Kyoshi=advanced teacher
Hanshi=Grand master(martial arts)
Meijin=Awarded by special board examiner
Oyakata=sumo coach
Shihan=Chief instructor(not grade related)
Shidoin=intermediate instructor(also not grade related
Shinsho= also martial art instuctor
Zeki=literally "barrier", used for sumo wrestlers in the top two divisions (sekitori).

Numbers
Zero/Rei
Ichi
Ni
San
Shi/Yon
Go
Roku
Shichi/Nana
Hachi
Kyuu/Ku
Juu
Juu-Ichi
Juu-Ni
Juu-San
Juu-Yon
Ni-Juu
San-Juu
Hyaku百
Ni-Hyaku
San-Byaku
Yon-Hyaku
Go-Hyaku
Roppyaku
Sen千=1,000
Ni-Sen
San-Sen
Man一万=10,000
Hyaku-Man
=1,000,000
Itcho=1 Trillion一兆
Rei ten go=0.5
Rei ten go-roku=0.56
*Hitostu
*Futastu
*Mittsu
*Yottsu
*Itsutsu
*Muitsu
*Nanatsu
*Youtsu
*Kokonotsu
*Too
(*written with hiragana)

Animals
Dog 犬
inu
Cat 猫
neko
Mouse/rat ねずみ nezumi
Rabbit うさぎ
usagi
Horse うま
uma
Pig ぶた
buta
Turtle かめ
kame
Bird とり
tori
Cow うし
ushi
Snake へび
hebi
Monkey さる
Saru
Crowからす
Karasu
Dragonらぬう
Ryuu
Sheep
Hitsuji
giraffe きりん
kirin
camel らくだ
rakuda
wolf おおかみ
ookami
fox きつね
kistune
raccoon たぬき
tanuki
hippo かば
kaba
goat やぎ
yagi
donkey ろば
raba
boar いのしし
inoshishi
zebra しまうま
shimauma
Panther
Hyou
fish んぎょ/さかな
kingyo/sakana
squid-いか
ika
whale-くじら
kuzira
octopus-たこ
tako
dolphin-いるか
iruka
crab-かに
kani
shrimp-えび
ebi
seal-おつとせい
otsutosei
salmon-さけ
sake
eel-うなぎ
unagi


Colors
iro
色 colors
aoi
青 blue
akai
赤 red
chairo
茶色 brown
daidaiiro (or orenji)
橙色 orange
haiiro
灰色 gray
kiiroi
黄色 yellow
kimidori
黄緑 light green
kuro
黒 black
midori
緑 green
mizuiro
水色 light blue
momoiro (or pinku)
桃色 pink
murasaki
紫 purple
Shiro (or Haku)
白 white
Sukina iro wa nan desu ka.
好きな色は何ですか。 What is your favorite color?

Month
January
1月 ichigatsu
February
2月 nigatsu
March
3月 sangatsu
April
4月 shigatsu
May
5月 gogatsu
June
6月 rokugatsu
July
7月 shichigatsu
August
8月 hachigatsu
September
9月 kugatsu
October
10月 jūgatsu
November
11月 jūichigatsu
December
12月 jūnigatsu
every month
maitsuki
what month?
nan gatsu desu ka

Seasons
Spring
春 haru
Summer
夏 natsu
Autumn
秋 aki
Winter
冬 fuyu

Day of the Week
Sunday 日曜日 nichiyōbi sun day
Monday 月曜日 getsuyōbi moon day
Tuesday 火曜日 kayōbi fire day
Wednesday 水曜日 suiyōbi water day
Thursday 木曜日 mokuyōbi tree day
Friday 金曜日 kin'yōbi gold day
Saturday 土曜日 doyōbi earth day
every day
mainichi
what day of the week?
nan-yōbi

Directions
straight - masugu
right - migi
left - hidari
up - ue
down - shita
center - mannaka
outside - soto

Sports
Soccer サツカ-
Sakkaa
Baseball
yakyuu
Tennisテニス
tenisu
Basketballバスケトボ-ル
basukettobooru
Volleyballバレ-ボ-ル
bareebouru
Golfゴルフ
gorufu
Skiingスキ-
sukii
Joggingジヨギング
jogingu
Cyclingサイクリング
saikuringu
Marathon Relay
Ekiden

Sumo
sumou
Judo
juudou
Athletics
asurechikkusu
Badminton
badominton
Billiards
biriyaado,tamatsuki
Boxing
Kentou,bokushingu
Gymnastics
taisou
Hockey
hokkee
Horse riding
kiba
Rugby
ragubi
Skating
sukeeto
Swimming
suiei
Ping Pong
Takkyuu,pinpon
Water Polo
Suikyuu,wootaaporo
Wresting
kantoku,resuringu

Nature & Metals
[NATURE]
Water - Mizu
Earth - Chikyu土
Fire - Kaji火
Wind - Kaze風
Sky空 - Sora
Sun - Taiyo太陽/Hi
Moon - Tsuki月
Star – Hoshi
Shooting Star - Nagare-boshi
Rain - Ame
Shower - Niwaka-ame
Flood - Omizu/Kozui
Storm - Arashi
Cloud - Kumo
Snow - Yuki雪
Fine - Hare
Earthquake - Jishin
Drought – Hideri/Kambatsu
Thunder - Kaminari
Lightning - Inabikari
Wood - Moku木
Woods – Shin/Mori
Light - Hikari光
Darkness - Yami闇
Dark/Hidden – Kura(i)
Ocean - Umi海
Mist - Kiri
Shadow – Kage
Sound – Oto
Blood – Ketsu/Chi
Soil – Tsuchi
Rock – Shaku
Sand – Suna
Grass – Kusa
Electricity – Denki
River – Sen/Kawa
Lake – Ko/Mizuumi
Pond – Chi/Ike
Bamboo – Sasa
Leaves – Ha
Flower花 – Hana
Moonflower夕顔 –Yuugao
Dream 夢 – Yume
[METALS]
Gold-Kin金
Silver-Gin
Copper-Do
Iron-Tetsu
Lead-Namari
Steel-Hagane鋼/Kotetsu
Coal-Sekitan

Time
O’clock時 – Ji
Minute分 – Fun/Pun
Han半 - half
1:00 - ichiji
2 - niji
3 - sanji
4 - yoji
5 - goji
6 - rokuji
7 - shichiji
8 - hachiji
9 - kuji
10 - juji
11 - juichiji
12 – juniji
Itsumo=Forever
Zutto=Must
Kitto=Definitely
Zetai = Never
Mirai未来=Future
Mae ni 前に= Before
Ima今=Now
Kondo/Kyou wa=Today
Kinoo=Yesterday
Shogatsu=New Year
Asa=Morning
Shiyougo=Noon
Gogo=Afternoon
Yuugani=Evening
Ichinichi=Day
Shiyuu=Week
Toshi=Year
Akatsuki=Dawn
Mae yori 前より - Rather than before.
What time is it?
nanji desuka?

Nouns
Koe=Voice
Koi恋=fall in love
Koibito恋人=Lovers
Ai愛
Kokoro
Suki好き=Like
Kotae=Answer
Hibi=Day
Sekai=World
Kuni=Country
Hanabi=Fireworks
Tenno=Emperor
Kane=money
Kami-sama 神様=God
Megami女神=Goddess
Tanjyoubi=Birthday
Heiki=Weapon
Egao=Smile
Tomodachi=Friend
Tengu=Ghost?
Tengoku天国=Heaven
Jigoku地獄=Hell
Tenshin=Angel
Shingami=Death Reaper
Seishuun=Youth
Dojo
Mikan=return
Iseijin/Uchijin=Alien
Hirugohan=Lunch
Tonokaiトナカイ=Reindeer
Tenchou=store owner
Nokiba=Eave
Haka=Grave
Hakashi=Dentist
Rakugaki=Scribbling
Mahou 魔法=Magic
purojekkuto プロジェックト=Project
En 円 = Japan currency
Ningen人間=Humans
Genkai=Human World
Shingamikai=Reaper World
megami 女神= goddess
Kacho = boss/chief
Sekai 世界 = World
Ramen ラメン
Ja-Kun-Po =Jack&Poy XD
Seppuku =Samurai Suicide
Ginkou銀行=Bank
Bakuhatsu=Explosion
Girai=Gun
Suzu=Bell
Oni=Demon
Onigokko=tag
Unmei=Destiny
Kyukyusha=Ambulance
Omawarisen=Police
Kehki=Cake
Isu=Chair
Kodomo/Gaki=Kids
Tabako=Cigarette
Onna=Woman
Otoko=Man
Oyu=Hot water
Kagi=Key
Kami=Paper
Empitsu=Pencil
Heya=Room
Kitte=Stamp
Eki=Station
Mise=Store
Takushi=Taxi
Denwa=Telephone
Kippu=Ticket
Ocha=Green Tea
Koh-Cha=Black Tea
Fohku=Fork
Tearai=Toilet
Kaigun no Suihei=Sailor
Kizu傷=cut/scratch
Matsuei末裔=Descendent
Sake酒=Japanese Wine
Okurimono=Gift/Present
Bangumi=Program
Sponsa=Sponsor
Hikikomori 引きこもり = a person who isolates himself from everyone
Bakemono=Monster
Baka 馬鹿=Idiot/Fool
Yaro=Bastard
Okama=Fag
Gaijin=Foreigner(rude)

Adjectives
big大きい
=ookii
small 小さい
=chiisai
cuteかわいい
=kawaii
scaryこわい
=kowai
cool 格好いい
=kakkoii
beautiful 素敵
=suteki
pretty
=kirei
noisyうるさい
=urusai
dirtyきたない
=kitanai
amazingすごい
=sugoi
wonderful
=subarashi
deliciousおいしい
=oishii
(tastes) yucky まずい=mazui
funたのしい
=tanoshi
interesting おもしろい
=omoshiroi
kindやさしい
=yasashii
strictきびしい
=kibishii
Hot
=Atsui
Cold
=Samui
Nothing 別に 
= Betsuni/Nande Monai
kind, gentle 優しい
= yasashii
weirdおかしい
= okashi
Correct
=Atarii
New
=Shin
Good/Nice
= Ii/Yoi/Genki
Bad
=WArui/Yokunai
Cheap
=Yasui
New
=Atarashii
Old
=Furui
Kind/Gentle優しい
=Yasashii
Little (amount)
=Sukoshi
Muri
=Impossible
Saiko
=Superlatively Wonderful

Verbs
[plain forms]
Group1
To speak 話す
=hanasu
To stand たっ
=tatsu
To Kill
=Korosu
To believe 信じる
=Shinjiru
To drink 飲む
=nomu
To go 行きます
=iku
To play/hang out 遊びます
=asobu
To read 読む
=yomu
To write 書く
=kaku
To wait 待つ
=matsu
To continue つづく
=Tsuzuku
Group2
To wear 着る
=kiru
To look/watch 見る
=miru
To listen 聞く/聞きる = kiku/kikiru
To eat 食べる
=taberu
To buy かいます
=kairu
To wake up 起きる
=okiru
To sleep 寝る
=neru
To get off 降りる
=oriru
To die くる
=shiru
To sit すわる
=suwaru
To kill
=shinjiru
To open 開ける
=akeru
To give あげる
=ageru
To go out 出る
=deru
To enter 入る
=hairu
To run 走る
=hashiru
=migeru
To need いる
=iru
To return 帰る
=kaeru
To limit 限る
=kagiru
To cut 切る
=kiru
To chatter しゃべる
=shaberu
To know 知る
=shiru
To rustle ゆれる
=Yureru
To pray捧げる
=sasageru
Group3
to do/play する
=suru
To come る
=kuru
To study 勉強する
=benkyousuru
To travel 旅行する
=ryokosuru
To export 輸出する
=yushutstusuru
To dance ダンスする
=dansusuru
To shampoo シャンプーする
=shanpuusuru

[~masu/formal form]
About: verbs should be changed to the ~masu form for more politeness or formal, all the ~u forms are for informal situations
Important: to change, {Group1}: remove ~u & replace with ~masu
{Group2}: remove ~ru & replace with ~masu
{Group3}: change the suru to shimasu & kuru to kimasu

[Past Tense]
Group1~u end /Goda- doushi:
[Formal]:
replace ~u with ~imashita
[Informal]:
(1) Verb ending with ~ku, Replace ~ku with ~ita
(2) Verb end ~gu, Replace with ~ida
(3) Verb end ~u; ~tsu & ~ru, Replace with ~tta
(4) Verb end ~nu; ~bu & ~mu, Replace with ~nda
(5) Verb end ~su, Replace with ~shita

Group2~iru or ~eru end/Ichidan-doushi:
[Formal]:
Take off ~ru and add ~mashita
Informal:
Take off ~ru and add ~ta

Group3 irregulars:
(side note: there are only 2 irregular verbs: suru & kuru ending)
[Formal]:
Ex: kuru – kimashita
suru – shimashita
[Informal]:
Ex: kuru – kita
suru – shita

[Present Negative]
[Formal]:
Groups1-3
Replace ~masu with ~masen
[Informal]:
Group1
Replace the final ~u with ~anai (If verb ending is ~u replace with ~wanai
Group2
Replace ~ru with ~nai
Group3
Ex: Kuru to Konai, Suru to Shinai

[Past Negative]
[Formal]:
Groups1-3
Add ~deshita to the formal present negative form(not connected)
[Informal]
Groups1-3
Replace ~nai with ~nakatta

Instructions
(The ~te form is a useful form of the Japanese verb. It does not indicate tense by itself, however it combines with other verb forms to create other tenses. It has many other uses as well. To make the ~te form, replace the final ~ta of the informal past tense of the verb with ~te, and ~da with ~de.)
Hurry up 速く
=hayaku
Stand たって
= tatte
Sit すわって
=suwatte
Listen きいて
= kiite
Write かいて
=kaite
Look 見て
= mite
read - よんで - yonde
open (book, etc.) - ひらいて - hiraite
wait - 待って- matte
open (door, etc.) あけて =akete
close しめて
=shimete
put up (hand)あげて =agete
be quiet しずかに =shizukani
Help!
Tatsukete
Go For It =Gambatte/Gambarre
Stop
=Yamete
Let me go
=Hanase
Shut Up
=Damare(rather hostile)
Smoke
=Sutte
Die 死ね
=Shin-ne

Pointers
[Thing]
Kono
Sono
Ano
Dono
Kore
Sore
Are
Dore
[Place]
Koko
Soko
Asoko
Doko
[Direction]
Kochira
Sochira
Achira
Dochira

Body Parts
Nose=Hana
Mouth=Kuchi
Eye=Me
Hand=Te
Foot=Ashi
Fruits & Veggies
[Fruits] - kudamono
apple - ringo
banana - banana
cherry - sakuranbo
grapes - budou
lemon - remon
melon - meron
orange - orenji
peach - momo
pear - nashi
plum - ume
strawberry - ichigo
watermelon - suika
[Vegetables] - yasai
bean sprouts - moyshi
carrots - ninjin
cucumber - kyuri
daikon radish (white radish) - daikon
eggplants - nasu
garlic - ninniku / garikku
leak - negi
lettuce - retasu
onion - tamanegi
potato - jagaimo / poteto
pumpkin - kabocha
spinach - horenso
tomato – tomato



seaweed – nori

Sci-Fi /Ship Related
Kantai - 'Fleet'
Uchuu - usually used to refer to outer space
Teki - may refer to the enemy
Akukan - This may refer to a dimension used for FTL travel, but the only rough translation I've seen for it is 'Null Space'.
Hissatsu - this word implies a sure-kill attack. Awesome word, if you ask me.
Owari - 'End'
Junshou - 'Commodore'
Chikyu - usually used to refer to the planet Earth.
Utte - 'Fire!', or something like that
Totsugeki - 'Charge!', or something like it
Teichou - 'Captain'
Chikara - 'Power'
Senkan - 'Battleship'
Teitoku - could roughly translate into 'Admiral' or even 'Commodore'
Horobi - this may mean 'destroy', or something along that line.

Countries & Languages
Japan日本
=Nihon
Americaアメリカ
=Amerika
China中国
=Chuugoku
Germanyドイツ
=Doitsu
Franceフランス
=Furansu
Englandイギリス
=Igirisu
Italyイタリア
=Italia
Canadaカナダ
=Kanada
Supein
=Spain
Mexicoメキシコ
=Mekishiko
Australiaオーストラリア
=Oosutoria
*Expressing the nationality is easy. Just put "jin(人)" (which means "person" or "people") after the name of country.
*Expressing the language is also easy. Just put go(kanji is wun)
Member
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22 / M / in me mind
Offline
Posted 3/7/09
Anime/Manga/Japan Terms
Bishoujo (美少女): A pretty girl.

Bishounen (美少年): A pretty boy. Often having long hair and a feminine figure, it is sometimes hard to discern the gender of an anime bishounen. Be careful.

Chibi (ちび):
Kid, pipsqueak, etc.. Chibi characters in anime are short and consequently cute.

CM:
A Japanese abbreviation for the word commercial. You may see this term just as often: 広告 (koukoku) at the end of shows. Same meaning.

Cosplay (コスプレイ):
(short for 'Costume Play') The practise of dressing up as one's favourite anime or manga character. A popular event at anime conventions.

Cours:
The anime French term for what we would call a "season" in TV (as an aside, "season" and "cours" are not really direct equivalents, but close enough). A coul is approximately 13 +/- 2 episodes long. For instance, the mecha series Mobile Suit Gundam SEED DESTINY is composed of four cours, each distinguishable by their different OPs and EDs. A 24-episode series would be 2 cours long, and so on.

Dattebayo!:
No real meaning, but indicates a coarse manner of speech. Naruto always uses this term at the end of his sentences. Its original meaning is to emphasize whatever the person said earlier in the sentence.



Desu (です):
A Japanese type word meaning roughly "is, be, are, am". It is very common in Japanese and usually put at the end of a statement. It is also used as an alternate name for the doll Suisei Seki of the Rozen Maiden series, who is characterized by her seemingly incessant use of Desu at the end of every sentence.

Doujinshi (同人誌):
Amateur manga done by amateur artists (同人家 doujinka). They either make up a new story entirely, or more commonly, they make fan-manga of popular series. Unfortunately, they have a disturbing tendency to do overt yaoi, BL or extremely kinky acts (not so disturbing for the last one). Doujinka sometimes belong to what is termed a サークル (saakuru), or circle. Notable circles include Crimson Comics and T2 Art Works. Note that a doujin circle might not necessarily be a group of people; an individual can call themselves a "circle" as well.

Ecchi (エッチ):
Japanese pronunciation of "H", commonly thought to originate from the "H" in "hentai". Usually this refers to animes/manga with copious amounts of fanservice and nudity without the act itself. The difference between ecchi and hentai in such use is similar to the difference between softcore and hardcore. In Japanese colloquial usage, refers to the actual sexual act and to "pervert".

Hentai (変態):
Its direct translation means "pervert" and refers to any scene or movie that explicitly presents nudity or sexual acts. Can also be used to describe a person who is strange or out of the ordinary. In Japanese use, also refers to a change of state or metamorphosis of a body, i.e. insects.
Seinen (成年):
Literally means young men, is a kind of anime/manga that is targeted at young men between 18-30. This kind of manga/anime often contains nudity, sexual content and violence, i.e: Elfen lied, Akira, Hellsing,
etc.

Josei (女性)
It's the female counterpart of seinen. Literally means young women, is a kind of anime/manga that is targeted at young women between 18-30.

Seiyuu (声優):
Japanese word for a person who is a voice artist, usually used in Japanese anime and other forms of animation.

Fuku (服):
Outfit. Terms that descend from this include the ever popular セーラ服 (seera fuku), or sailor suits sometimes used as school uniforms and 制服 (seifuku) which means "uniform".

Furigana (振り仮名):
A method of using Hiragana or Katakana to phonetically show people how to pronounce a Kanji character. In karaoke, the furigana is placed on top of the Kanji character in question. On the Internet, the furigana is placed in parenthesis after the Kanji character. Example: 去(い), where 去 is pronounced the same way as い. A synonym for furigana is ruby, which is used in English-speaking platforms, such as Microsoft products like Internet Explorer.

Gaiden (外伝):
Commonly called "side story" in the Western world as well. A story set in the same universe as a major title, but focusing on minor characters or introducing new ones, showing another 'side' of the story.

Gar:
A term used towards male characters and individuals who are so overwhelmingly manly that your own masculinity is absolutely *buried*, leaving you naught but a whimpering, swooning girl-child before them. Originated from a typo in 4chan concerning Archer. (Gar = Gay typo)
Ex: Master Asia, Brolly, Archer, Kamina

Gekiga (劇画):
What you would call a "Graphic Novel". Similar to mainstream manga, but the art style is usually more realistic and the story more serious.
Kana (かな):
Normally it means 'I wonder'. A feminine, softer variant of this is かしら (kashira) and in Rozen Maiden, Kanaria always ends her sentences with that term. In that case, it doesn't really mean anything.

Kansai-ben (関西 弁):
A group of dialects of Japanese spoken by the people from the Kansai region (cities like Osaka and Kyoto). Commonly used by anime artists for characters that are somewhat deviant from the norm. Some comedians also frequently employ Kansai-ben in their routines. More information here.
Examples of Kansai-ben characters: Konoe Konoka (Negima), Shizuru (Mai Hime/Otome).
Keigo (敬語):
Honorific, self-effacing and polite use of kokugo. Usually used in the business world.

Kemonomimi (獣耳):
An anime and manga terminology describing humanoid characters that possess animal-like features. Literally "beast ears".



Kokugo (国語)
The "national language" of Japan. In regards to television, kokugo shows are those who emphasize the education of kokugo via various means - including game shows and such.

Lemon/Lime/Citrus:
Terms used for fanfics or doujinshi works to warn of sexual content. Lemon = hardcore, Lime = soft
core, Citrus = universal term.

Loli (ロリ):
Short for lolita; a generalization of underage-looking FEMALE anime characters.
Ex: Shana, Nagi

Lolicon (ロリコン):
The term typically refers to pornographic art, anime or otherwise, of females aged between 12 and 16, and also to those people attracted to such girls.
Art of underaged girls is legal in most countries, which explains the popularity of lolicon. Despite the fact that the age bracket is technically outside the realm of pedophilia, lolicon is frowned upon, especially in the west. (BUT NOT IN 4CHAN).

Loligoth:
Short for Gothic Lolita. Despite its name, this fashion trend is not sexual at all. Anyway, it involves girls dressing up as they were porcelain dolls from the Victorian era, often acting like ladies. This fashion style is worn by the dolls in Rozen Maiden.

Manga (漫画):
Corresponds to the medium of art the artist uses: comics, or Japanese comics, depending on if you use the term inside or outside of Japan.

Mangaka (漫画家):
The Japanese word for a comic artist. Outside of Japan, manga usually refers to a Japanese comic book and mangaka refers to the author of the manga, who is usually Japanese.

Meganekko (眼鏡娘):
Japanese slang which translates to "glasses(-wearing) girl". It's also often used in anime and manga fandom to refer to females who wear glasses, especially when it is considered their most attractive trait. Their usage may or may not have anything to do with a character's eyesight, and they are often a "neutral" costume not as closely associated with more obvious fetishes such as meido or seifuku, though they are very often depicted with a pageboy. They sometimes have the connotations of geekish or bookish behavior, but in a complimentary fashion.
Ex: Miyuki, Yomiko Readman

Moe (萌え):
A Japanese word used in the anime sector. The word refers to a person who is attracted to either a specific character or its specific partial element and has a favor feeling toward it. Moe suggests the condition of being infatuated with one character or thing and implies an image of someone burning with desire. Examples: tsundere, yandere and meganekko.

Monogatari (物語):
Japanese word meaning a story or tale. Contrast with 伝説 (densetsu) which means "legend", and 神話 (shinwa) which means "myth".





Nakama (仲間):
You'll sometimes see this term in series where teams or groups of friends are involved. You'll ALWAYS see this term used in discussing One Piece or in their fanfics. Anyway, the closest meaning for this term is "close friends", though it's more like a family sort of bond.

Na-no (なの):
Normally it means 'because' but in Rozen Maiden, Hina Ichigo always ends her sentences with that term. Again it doesn't mean anything in that case.

Nekomimi (猫耳) / Usamimi (うさ耳):
Cat Ears/Rabbit Ears. (Neko - Cat; Usagi - Rabbit)

OAV/OVA:
Original Animation Video/Original Video Animation. This term is used for works made especially for release to video, rather than TV or cinema.

Pineapple:
A humourous term similar to Lemon/Lime/Citrus but it involves incredibly twisted or kinky sexual situations e.g. male pregnancy, paraphilias etc.
Shikata ga nai/arimasen (仕方がない/ありません):
Well...nothing can be done (to prevent it), (nothing you/i/we/they can do)

Shimatta (しまった):
"oh no", this is an expression if something happened unexpectedly, often also in connection with other verbs, i.e. : kiete shimatta (oh no, it's disappeared)

Shota (ショタ):
A generalization of underage-looking MALE anime characters. Also the male equivalent of a "loli".

Shounen (少年):
literally means young boy, refering to a style of anime/manga intended for boys. The story contains often fighting, adventure, and action. Examples: Bleach, Naruto, Dragonballs, One Piece, Flame of Recca, Saint Seiya, etc

Shoujo (少女):
literally means young woman, refering to a style of anime/manga intended for girls. The story contains often romance, drama, sometimes action but in different sytle compared to shounen anime. Examples: Sailor moon, Wedding Peach, Candy candy, Rose of Versailles, The Glass Mask, etc

Shounen-ai (少年愛)(Yaoi):
Male-Male relationship. Anime/manga with Yaoi element i.e.: FAKE, Gravitation, Yami no Matsuei, X-TV, Gakuen Heaven, etc

Shoujo-ai (少女愛) (Yuri):
Female-female relationship. Anime/manga with Yuri element i.e.: Mai-Hime, Mai-otome, Sailor moon, El-Hazard, Noir, etc

Trap:
A male of whom appears or dresses in a feminine way in order to lead people to believe he is female. A meme from the internet describing a man who is intending to look like an attractive woman or a pre-op male to female transsexual. Females crossdressing as males or pre-op female to male transsexuals are often referred to as reverse traps.
Ex: Mizuho, Jun, Bridget







Tsundere / Tsunderekko (ツンデレっ娘):
Tsundere is a slang born on the Internet, and it is a word to describe the nature of female anime or game characters. Tsundere is a word combining two words, "Tsun Tsun" and "Dere Dere". Both terms describe attitudes of a person. "Tsun Tsun" is used for cold/blunt/curt attitude, while "Dere Dere" is used when a person becomes spoony in front of his/her lover. Therefore, "Tsundere" is a female character who is usually cold, but she becomes spoony on her lover. Or, she is cold to the main character at first, but she becomes lovestruck later.
Ex: Tohsaka Rin, Shana, Louise, Kagami

Unyuu:
This is actually Ichigo Daifuku (some kind of glutinous rice sweet with strawberry paste) but this is Hina Ichigo's name for this food.

Yandere / Yanderekko (ヤンデレっ娘):
The opposite of a tsundere, a yandere is initially loving, then combative, often brutally so. Yandere is a combination of the two words yanderu, meaning to be sick, and deredere, which is defined as exhausted or lovestruck.
Ex: Kotonoha, Kaede, Asakura Ryoko

Weeaboo:
A negative term directed to anyone overly obsessed with Japanese culture to the point where they become annoying. Used frequently on the image boards of 4chan.

Zettai Ryōiki:
A term for describing the area of bare skin exposed on the thighs between the skirt and thigh-high socks for female characters.
Ex: Tohsaka Rin




Common Japanese Phrases
Hajimashite
=Said when you are meeting someone for the first time
Douzo Yoroshiko/Y” Onegaoshimasu
=Pleased to meet you
Ohayou おはよう
=Good Morning
Konnichiwa こんにちは 
= Hello/Good Afternoon
Konbanwa こんばんわ
=Good Evening
*Add Gozaimasuございます for more respect
Oyasuminasai お休みなさい 
= Good night(before going to bed)
Tabemashita
=Let’s Eat
Itadakimasu いただきます
= said before eating
Gochisousama (deshita) 御馳走様でした
=Said after eating(if you didn’t cook it)
osomatsusama(deshita) お粗末様でした
=Said after eating(if you cooked it)
Ittekimasu
=I’m Off
Itterashai 行ってらっしゃい 
= have a safe trip(reply for Ittekimasu)
Tadaima ただ今 
= I'm home
Okaerinasai お帰りなさい 
= Welcome back
Irashaimasen
=Welcome
Sayonara さよなら 
= So long
Ojama shimasu/shimashita
=You say this as a polite greeting when entering someone's home, or while you are asking for permission to leave
Doumo
=Thx
Arigatou ありがとう
=Thank you
Dou Itashimashiteどういたしまして
=Your welcome
Gomen nasai ごめんなさい 
= I'm sorry
*Gomenasai is a serious "sorry", gomen is the short form of it used in informal situations.
Sumimasen すみません 
= Excuse me
*Sumimasen can mean various things, including "sorry" and "excuse me". It's a versatile phrase. Its usage as "sorry" is for less serious matters.
Shitsurei Shimasu
=I’m Leaving You’re Presence
Onegaishimasu
=(Pleading) Please
Kudasai
=Please(end of sentences)
Jaa Mata Ashita
=See you tomorrow
Dewa Mata
=See you Later
Ryoukai 了解 
= Roger!
Daijoubu 大丈夫 
= All right, I'm fine.
Masaka まさか/Sou na/Ya-da
= No way!
Moshi moshi もしもし 
= Hello (answering phone)
Yahari/ yappari やっぱり 
= I thought so
Hai/Ee はい 
= yes
Iie いいえ 
= no
Shimatta 失また 
= Damn it!/Oh no
Mochiron もちろん 
= sure, of course
Ossu押忍
=Yo/Hi
baka bakashi バカバカし 
= this is nonsense (or just "nonsense")
machinasai 待ちなさい 
= stop right there!
bikkuri-chatta! びっくり-ちゃった
= You scared me!
Inorimasu
= I am Praying
Aishiteru 愛してる 
= I love you
kimochi ii 気持ちい
= feels nice
itai! 痛い 
= Ouch!
yamete やめて 
= stop it
Yokatta 良かった 
= thank god
yo-sha! ヨッシャ
= alright!
suteki da ne? 素敵だね
= isn't it wonderful?
Kuso糞
=Shit
Yabai
=Dang
Shimatta しまった
=Oh no!
Shindemoii 死んでも いい 
= "It's all right if I die"
Taihen. 大変
=Literally means "tough (situation)" but is often translated as "We have a problem," or "Oh, my
Tame ni. ために
=For the sake of...
You ni. ように
=In order to...
Yatta! やった! - (I, he, she, they, we) did it!
deshou/darou. でしょう・だろう
=Probably. (although it can be translated as many other things and is used differently in Japanese than an English speaker would use "probably.")
Shikkari shiro! 確りしろ!
=Hang in there! Hold on! Snap out of it!
Kimeta. 決めた
=I have decided, I've got it
Sou Ka
=I see
Naruhodo
=I get it
Maamaa/Bochi-bochi
=So so
Nandakke? - Said when one is unsure and trying really hard to think of what
to say or do.
Wakarimasen / wakaranai
=I don't understand.
Wakkanai / wakkane!
=I understand
Kara. から
=Because, from
Nee
=Say
Ano=(getting someone’s attention)
Eto=Let’s see/Um

Questions
Nani何(what)
Dokoどこ(where)
Dareだれ(who)
Itsuいつ(when)
Doreどれ(which)
*Naze何故(*why)
*Doushiteどうして
*Nande
Ikagu(how)
Ikuraいくら(how much)
Doushita{no}どうした(what’s wrong)
Dou yokotou(what do you mean)
Dou suruどうする (what should we do) Nandayou(WTH)
Nani i terun(wat r u saying)
Daijoubu desu ka 大丈夫ですか 
(Are you OK?)
suteki da ne? 素敵だね (isn't it wonderful?)
Anata no namae wa nan to iimasu ka?
(What is your name?)
O genki desu ka?
(how are you)
Gokigenyou?(how do you do?)
hontoni? 本当に (really?)
Nanyatte(what did you say){surprise}
Nanyatto(what did you say){hostile}


[Shouts]
Mochiron=Of Course
Ora=come on
Nara=take this
Abunai 危ない = be careful
Gambarre /Gambatte=do your best
Ara? あら? - Oh? Ah!
Member
1977 cr points
Send Message: Send PM GB Post
22 / M / in me mind
Offline
Posted 3/7/09 , edited 3/7/09
USEFUL SHORT PHRASES
• Good morning -- Ohayou gozaimasu
• Good afternoon (day) -- Konnichiwa
• Good evening -- Konbanwa
• Good-bye -- Sayonara
• Good night -- Oyasuminasai
• How are you? -- O genki desu ka?
• How do you do? -- Hajimemashite
• Pleased to meet you -- Dozo yoroshiku or Yoroshiku onegaishimasu
• I am fine -- Hai, genki desu
• And you? -- Anata wa?
• Thank you (very much) -- Domo arigato gozaimasu
• You're welcome -- Do itashi mashite
• Say! Listen! (to get attention) -- Anone
• Excuse me (to get attention) -- Sumi masen
• Excuse me (pardon me) -- Gomen nasai or Shitsurei shimasu
• I am sorry -- Gomen nasai
• Please (when offering something) -- Dozo
• Please (when requesting something) -- Kudasai
• Please show me -- Misete kudasai
• Please write it -- Kaite kudasai
• Please give me this -- Kore o kudasai
• I'm sick -- Byoki desu
• Let's go -- Ikimasho
• Do you speak English? -- Anata wa eigo o hanashimasu ka?
• Yes, I speak a little -- Hai, sukoshi hanashimasu
• Do you understand? -- Wakarimasu ka?
• Yes, I understand -- Hai, wakarimasu
• Oh, I see -- As, sou desu ka
• No, I don't understand -- Iie, wakarimasen
• Please say it again -- Mo ichido itte kudasai
• Please speak slowly -- Yukkuri hanashi te kudasai
• Please wait a moment -- Chotto matte kudasai
• What is your name? -- Anata-no namae wa?
• My name is _______ -- Watashi no namae wa ________ desu
• Where is it? -- Doko desu ka?
• What time is it? -- Nan-ji desu ka?
• How much is it? -- Sore wa ikura desu ka?
• I will take it -- Sore kudasai
• No, thank you -- Iie kekko desu
• Do you like it? -- Suki desu ka?
• I like it -- Suki desu
• I don't like it -- Kirai desu
• It's beautiful -- Kirei desu
• Hello (on telephone only) -- Moshi moshi
• Let me see -- So desu ne
• Welcome -- Irrasshaimase
• Where is the toilet? -- Toire wa doko desu ka?
________________________________________
WORDS and SHORTER PHRASES
• Left -- Hidari
• Right -- Migi
• Straight ahead -- Massugu
• A lot / plenty -- Takusan
• A little -- Sukoshi
• Why? -- Naze desu ka
• When? -- Itsu desu ka
• Fire -- Kaji
• Ambulance -- Kyukyusha
• Police -- Omawarisan
• Help! -- Tasukete
• Watch out -- Abunai
• It's all right -- Daijobu desu
• Quick -- Hayaku
• Cheap -- Yasui
• Cold -- Samui
• Hot -- Atsui
• Cake -- Kehki
• Chair -- Isu
• Child -- Kodomo
• Cigarette -- Tabako
• Coffee -- Kohhi
• Coffee with milk -- Kohhi gyunyu
• Fruit -- Kudamono
• Good -- Yoi
• Girl / Woman -- Onna
• Man -- Otoko
• Hot water -- Oyu
• Hotel -- Hoteru
• Key -- Kagi
• Money -- Okane
• New -- Atarashii
• Old -- Furui
• Paper -- Kami
• Pencil -- Empitsu
• Room -- Heya
• Stamp -- Kitte
• Station -- Eki
• Store -- Mise
• Taxi -- Takushi
• Telephone -- Denwa
• Ticket -- Kippu
• Tea (green) -- Ocha
• Tea (black) -- Koh-cha
• Water -- Mizu
• Small -- Chiisai
• Large -- Ohkii
________________________________________
USEFUL LONGER PHRASES
• Where is the __________ -- __________ wa doko desu ka?
o EXAMPLE: Where is the telephone? -- Denwa wa doko desu ka?
• Do you have __________ -- __________ ga arimasuka?
o EXAMPLE: Do you have black tea? -- Koh-cha ga arimasuka?
• Please give me __________ -- __________ o kudasai.
o EXAMPLE: Please give me a fork. -- Fohku o kudasai.
• The __________ does not work. -- __________ ga ugoki masen.
o EXAMPLE: The toilet does not work. -- Otearai ga ugoki masen.
• I am __________ . -- Watakushi wa __________ desu.
o EXAMPLE: I am an American sailor. -- Watashi wa America no Kaigun no suihei desu.
• Excuse me, I am lost. I do not speak Japanese. Please show me how to get __________ . --
Suminasen, michi ni mayoi mashita. Nihongo o hanasemasen. __________ e no ikikata o oshiete kudasai.
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