Do you know about the Nanking Massacre?
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28 / F / 大阪、札幌、東京(≧ロ≦)
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Posted 9/5/09
The Nanking Massacre or Nanjing Massacre, also known as the Rape of Nanking, refers to a six-week period following the Japanese capture of Nanking, then capital of the Republic of China, on December 9, 1937. During this period, hundreds of thousands of civilians were murdered and 20-80,000 women were raped by soldiers of the Imperial Japanese Army. The massacre remains a contentious political issue, as various aspects of it have been disputed by some historical revisionists and Japanese nationalists, who have claimed that the massacre has been either exaggerated or wholly fabricated for propaganda purposes. As a result of nationalist efforts to deny or rationalize the crimes, the massacre remains a stumbling block in Sino-Japanese relations, as well as Japanese relations with other Asia-Pacific nations such as South Korea and the Philippines.

Estimates of the death toll vary widely. Aside from the absence of accurate, comprehensive records of the killings, other contributors to the wide variance in estimates of the death toll include differences in definition of the geographical area, time period and nature of the killings to be counted. The Nanking Massacre can be defined narrowly to count only those killings happening within the Nanking Safety Zone, more broadly to include killings in the immediate environs of Nanking, or even more broadly to include the six counties around Nanjing, known as the Nanjing Special Municipality. Similarly, the time period of the massacre can be limited to the six weeks following the fall of Nanking or it can be defined more broadly to include killings from the time the Japanese Army entered Jiangsu province in mid-November until late March 1938. Variations in estimates based on the nature of the killings revolve around the question of whether the killings of captured Chinese soldiers and suspected guerrillas constituted legitimate executions.

The International Military Tribunal of the Far East estimates 260,000 casualties; China's official estimate is 300,000 casualties, based on the evaluation of the Nanking War Crimes Tribunal. Japanese historians estimate a lower death toll, in the vicinity of 100,000-200,000. Some claim the existence of only 40,000 deaths or even deny that a widespread, systematic massacre occurred at all, claiming that any deaths were either justified militarily, accidental or isolated incidents of unauthorized atrocities. These negationists claim that the characterization of the incident as a large-scale, systematic massacre was fabricated for the purpose of political propaganda.

While the Japanese government has acknowledged the crimes committed by the Imperial Japanese Army after the fall of Nanking,[6] some Japanese officials have argued that the death toll was military in nature and that no such crimes ever occurred. Denial of the massacre, and a divergent array of revisionist accounts of the killings, has become a staple of Japanese nationalism. In Japan, public opinion of the massacres varies, and few deny the occurrence of the massacre outright. Nonetheless, recurring attempts by negationists to promote a revisionist history of the incident have created controversy that periodically reverberates in the international media, particularly in China, South Korea, and other East Asian nations.



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28 / F / 大阪、札幌、東京(≧ロ≦)
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Posted 9/5/09




Posted 9/5/09
There's a saying that goes like this: "histories are written by the victors." However when "true victory is victory over oneself", I see neither true victories nor victors in the Asian Pacific War.

Therefore I think it is wrong for the Japanese government to deny The Nanking Massacre. While we need to constantly remind ourselves about the horrors that is war in order to overcome it, when Japanese as a nation lost their humanity at one point. Thus resulted the tragedy that was the lost of innocent lives of Chinese.
Yei
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Posted 9/5/09
Yes I know all about it.

I made a topic about it too: http://www.crunchyroll.com/forumtopic-538622/the-yasukuni-shrine/
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Posted 9/5/09

Yei wrote:

Yes I know all about it.

I made a topic about it too: http://www.crunchyroll.com/forumtopic-538622/the-yasukuni-shrine/


Then, it's clearly a duplicate in the wrong section?

Why you don't report it? o_o;;
Yei
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Posted 9/5/09

Baka-God wrote:


Yei wrote:

Yes I know all about it.

I made a topic about it too: http://www.crunchyroll.com/forumtopic-538622/the-yasukuni-shrine/


Then, it's clearly a duplicate in the wrong section?

Why you don't report it? o_o;;


Because I really don't care.
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Posted 9/5/09
yes i learned about it in chinese school. our teacher called it the "rape of nanking." it was definitely a terrible atrocity.
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Posted 9/5/09
I know about the rape on Nanking too. Japan also committed atrocities in Manchuria and the Philippines as well. So many of the world's atrocities go untold. Like how Mao killed tens of millions of Chinese people, and how the USSR starved millions of Ukrainians with a government organized famine. There are atrocities going on today that are largely untold like in Sudan, Somalia, and many Middle Eastern countries and North Korea.
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Posted 9/5/09

Yei wrote:

Yes I know all about it.

I made a topic about it too: http://www.crunchyroll.com/forumtopic-538622/the-yasukuni-shrine/


Duplicate. Use the thread above.

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