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Dining etiquette



Rice Dishes
For over 2000 years, rice has been the most important food in Japanese cuisine. Despite changes in eating patterns over the last few decades and slowly decreasing rice consumption in recent years, rice remains one of the most important ingredients in Japan today, and can be found in numerous dishes.

Rice Bowl
A bowl of plain cooked rice is served with most Japanese meals. For breakfast, it is sometimes mixed with a raw egg and soya sauce (tamago kake gohan) or enjoyed with natto or other toppings.

Sushi
Sushi can be defined as a dish which contains sushi rice, cooked rice that is prepared with sushi vinegar. There are various kinds of sushi dishes.




Domburi
A bowl of cooked rice with some other food put on top of the rice. Some of the most popular toppings are tempura (tendon), egg and chicken (oyakodon), tonkatsu (katsudon) and beef (gyudon).



Onigiri
Onigiri are rice balls made of cooked rice and usually wrapped in nori seaweed. They are slightly salted and often contain some additional food in the center, for example an umeboshi (pickled Japanese plum), katsuobushi (dried bonito shavings), tuna or salmon. Rice balls are a popular and inexpensive snack available at convenience stores.







Kare Raisu snow_san's favorite dish!!! yummy 4 my tummy!! kee kees!!
Kare Raisu (Curry Rice) is cooked rice with a curry sauce. It can be served with additional toppings such as tonkatsu. Curry is not a native Japanese spice, but has been used in Japan for over a century. Kare Raisu is a very popular dish, and many inexpensive Kare Raisu restaurants can be found especially in and around train stations.


Fried Rice
Fried rice or chahan has been originally introduced from China. A variety of additional ingredients such as peas, egg, negi (Japanese leek) and small pieces of carrot and pork are mixed into the rice when stir fried. It is a suitable dish for using left over rice.


Chazuke
Chazuke is a bowl of cooked rice with green tea and other ingredients, for example, salmon or tarako (cod roe) added to it. It is a suitable dish for using left over rice.



Kayu
Kayu is rice gruel, watery, soft cooked rice that resembles oatmeal. It is a suitable dish for using left over rice and is often served to sick people because it can be digested easily.


Seafood Dishes
Hundreds of different fish, shellfish and other seafood from the oceans, seas, lakes and rivers are used in the Japanese cuisine. They are prepared and eaten in many different ways, for example, raw, dried, boiled, grilled, deep fried or steamed.

Sashimi
Sashimi is raw seafood. A large number of fish can be enjoyed raw if they are fresh and prepared correctly. Most types of sashimi are enjoyed with soya sauce and wasabi.




Yakizakana
Yakizakana means grilled fish. Many varieties of fish are enjoyed in this way.



Noodle Dishes
There are various traditional Japanese noodle dishes as well as some dishes which were introduced to Japan and subsequently Japanized. Many of them enjoy a very high popularity.


Soba
Soba noodles are native Japanese noodles made of buckwheat flour or a mixture of buckwheat and wheat flour. Soba are about as thick as spaghetti. They can be served cold or hot and with various toppings.


Udon
Udon noodles are native Japanese noodles made of wheat flour. Udon are thicker than soba and can also be served either hot or cold and with various toppings.




Ramen it's everyone's favorite!! "oodles of noodles!!"
Ramen are Chinese style noodles prepared in a soup with various toppings. Ramen is one of the many popular dishes that were originally introduced from China but have become completely Japanized over time. Ramen noodles are about as thin as spaghetti and are served in a soup that varies based on region, city and even specific vendor. Ramen's popularity stems in part from the fact that it is so inexpensive and widely available, making it an ideal option for budget travelers. In addition to freshly prepared ramen at ramen ya, supermarkets and convenience stores offer a large selection of instant ramen bowls.


Somen
Like Udon noodles, somen are Japanese noodles made of wheat flour, but they are much thinner than Udon and Soba. Somen are usually eaten cold and are considered a summer speciality.



Yakisoba
Yakisoba are fried or deep fried Chinese style noodles served with vegetables, meat and ginger.


Hiyashi chūka (lit. "chilled Chinese") is a Japanese dish consisting of chilled ramen noodles with various toppings served in the summer. Toppings are usually colorful cold ingredients and a tare sauce.
Popular toppings are strips of tamagoyaki (egg), carrot, cucumber, ginger, ham, and chicken. It may also contain barbecued pork. The tare sauce is usually made from water, rice vinegar, soy sauce, sugar, sesame oil, sesame seeds.



Nabe Dishes
Nabe dishes or hot pot dishes are prepared in a hot pot, usually at the table. Typical ingredients are vegetables such as negi (Japanese leek) and hakusai (Chinese cabbage), various mushrooms, seafood and/or meat. There are many regional and personal varieties, and they are especially popular in the cold winter months. Some special nabe dishes are:


Oden
A nabe dish prepared with various fish cakes, daikon, boiled eggs, konyaku and kombu seaweed, boiled over many hours in a soya sauce based soup.


Sukiyaki
A nabe dish prepared with thinly sliced meat, vegetables, mushrooms, tofu and shirataki (konyaku noodles). The pieces of food are dipped into a raw egg before eaten.


Shabu-Shabu
Shabu-shabu is Japanese style meat fondue. Thinly sliced meat, along with vegetables, mushrooms and tofu is dipped into a hot soup and then into ponzu vinegar or a sesame sauce before being eaten. Shabu-shabu is more savory and less sweet than sukiyaki.


Chanko Nabe
Chanko nabe is traditionally the staple diet of sumo wrestlers. There are many varieties of chanko nabe. A few chanko nabe restaurants can be found around Ryogoku, the sumo district in Tokyo.


Meat Dishes
Meat has been eaten in Japan in larger amounts only since the second half of the 19th century. Nowadays there are a variety of Japanese meat dishes.


Yakitori
Yakitori are grilled chicken pieces on skewers. Most parts of the chicken can be used for yakitori.


Tonkatsu
Tonkatsu are deep fried pork cutlets. Tonkatsu is usually served with shredded cabbage or on top of cooked rice (katsudon) or with Japanese style curry rice (katsu kare).


Nikujaga
Nikujaga is a popular dish of home style cooking made of meat (niku) and potatoes (jagaimo). Mixture of thinly sliced beef, onions and potatoes all boiled together in a sweet savory sauce. Serve this with a big bowl of rice and you're set.




Soya Bean Dishes
Tofu, natto, miso and many other important ingredients of Japanese cooking are made of soya beans. The following are some of the most popular soya bean based dishes:

Yudofu
Yudofu are tofu pieces boiled in a clear, mild soup and dipped into a soya based sauce before being eaten. To prepare yudofu, simmer kombu seaweed in plenty of water in a large pot. Cut fairly soft tofu into good-sized blocks and then add to the pot. When eating, dip the tofu in a sauce or broth containing soy sauce. Yudofu, so simple to make, is often eaten in Japanese homes, and Kyoto has many restaurants specializing in it.



Agedashi Tofu
Agedashi Tofu are deep fried tofu pieces that are dipped into a soya based sauce before being eaten. There is something amazing about frying something, then purposely making them soggy again by dousing them with dashi..... The Tofu Crust sucks the Dashi broth like a sponge, so each bite is pure heaven!


Miso Soup
A bowl of miso soup often accompanies breakfast, lunch and dinner. It is made by dissolving miso paste in hot water and adding additional ingredients such as wakame seaweed and small pieces of tofu.


Yoshoku Dishes
A large number of Western dishes have been introduced to Japan over the centuries. Many of them have become completely Japanized, and these dishes are now called Yoshoku dishes. Some of the most popular ones are:

Korokke
Korokke has its origins in the croquettes which were introduced to Japan in the 19th century. Korokke are breaded and deep fried, and come in many varieties depending on the filling. The most common filling is a mix of minced meat and mashed potatoes.


Omuraisu
Omuraisu (abbreviation for omelet rice) is cooked rice, wrapped in a thin omelet, and usually served with a gravy sauce or tomato ketchup.



Hayashi Raisu
Hayashi rice is Japanese style hashed beef stew, thinly sliced beef and onions in a demi-glace sauce served over or along side cooked rice. It resembles kare raisu, and, like kare raisu, it is also eaten with a spoon.


Hamubagu
Hamubagu is a Japanese style hamburger steak. It is typically served on a plate and usually with a demi-glace sauce, but without a bun.



Other Dishes


Tempura
Tempura is seafood, vegetables, mushrooms and other pieces of food coated with tempura batter and deep fried. Tempura was introduced to Japan by the Portuguese in the 16th century, but has become one of Japan's most famous dishes internationally.


Okonomiyaki
Okonomiyaki is a mix between pizza and pancake. Various ingredients such as seafood, vegetables and meat can be mixed with the dough and placed on the okonomiyaki as topping.





Monjayaki
Monjayaki is a Kanto region specialty that is similar to Okonomiyaki, however, the dough used is much more liquid than the okonomiyaki dough. It is filled with cabbage, and a variety of things such as eggplant and pork, shrimp, corn, squid, noodles or rice, cheese, kimchi (spicy cabbage salad). When it's ready, you eat it with tiny spatulas or chopsticks.


Takoyaki
Takoyaki (literally fried or baked octopus) is a popular Japanese dumpling made of batter, diced or whole baby octopus, tempura scraps (tenkasu), pickled ginger, and green onion, topped with okonomiyaki sauce, green laver (aonori), mayonnaise, and katsuobushi (fish shavings).


Gyoza
Gyoza are dumplings with a filling usually made of minced vegetables and ground meat. Gyoza were introduced to Japan from China. In Japan gyoza are usually prepared by frying them.


Chawanmushi
Chawanmushi is savory steamed egg custard that usually contains pieces of chicken, shrimp, fish cake and a ginko nut mixed inside.


Tsukemono
Tsukemono are Japanese pickles. There are many variety of pickles, and a small dish of tsukemono is usually served with Japanese meals.


verbage courtesy japan-guide.com / pics flickr
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Posted 2/25/10 , edited 2/28/10
♥~♥ SWEETS!! OKASHI!! おかし & SNACKS!! OYATSU!! おやつ ♥~♥


Japanese-style sweets (wagashi, 和菓子)

Amanatto Amanattō is a Japanese traditional confectionery that is made of azuki beans or other beans, covered with refined sugar after simmering with sugar syrup and drying.


Anmitsu A traditional Japanese dessert. They are small, jelly cubes made from agar, a white, translucent jelly made from seaweed, usually served with an, beans and various fruit. It can also be served with just a syrup and beans. A more modern version is the anmitsu topped with ice cream.



Dango Dango is a Japanese dumpling made from mochiko (rice flour), related to mochi. It is often served with green tea. Dango are eaten year-round, but the different varieties are traditionally eaten in given seasons. Three to four dango are often served on a skewer.


Higashi Higashi is a type of wagashi, which is dry and contains very little moisture, and thus keeps relatively longer than other kinds of wagashi. Higashi are often served at Japanese tea ceremonies.


Kakigori Kakigōri is a Japanese dessert made from shaved ice flavored with syrup.



Kompeito Crystal sugar candy.


Manju Sticky rice surrounding a sweet bean center.


Mochi Steamed sweet rice pounded into a solid, sticky, and somewhat translucent mass.



Taiyaki A fried, fish-shaped cake, usually with a sweet filling such as an: red bean paste.


Yokan is a tradional Japanese sweet, which is made of azuki beans, agar, and sugar.



Old-fashioned Japanese-style sweets (dagashi, 駄菓子)
Mizuame is a sweetener from Japan which is translated literally to 'water candy'. A clear, thick, sticky liquid, it is made by converting starch to sugars. Mizuame is added to wagashi to give them a sheen, eaten in ways similar to honey and can be a main ingredient in sweets.


Senbei (alternative spellings sembee, sembei, senbee) are Japanese crackers, made from rice. They come in various shapes, sizes, and flavors, usually savory but sometimes sweet. Senbei are often eaten with green tea as a casual snack and offered to visiting house guests as a courtesy refreshment.




Western-style sweets (yōgashi, 洋菓子)
Yōgashi are Western-style sweets, but in Japan are typically very light or spongy.

Castella (カステラ ,Kasutera) is a popular Japanese sponge cake made of sugar, flour, eggs, and starch syrup, very common at festivals and as a street food.






Sweets bread (Kashi pan, 菓子パン)

Anpan Bread with sweet bean paste in the center.



Melonpan A large, round bun which is a combination of regular dough beneath cookie dough, with a sweet filling in between. It often (but not always) contains a melon-flavored cream, and its general shape is said to resemble that of a melon.





Other snacks

Kintoki Snow cone with azuki bean topping.


Pocky



and savin da BEST 4 last!! SATA ANDAGI!! snow_san favorite!! yummy 4 my tummy!!! kee kees!!



Soft drinks







verbage courtesy Wikipedia / pics flickr
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Posted 2/27/10
hmmmm they all look so good *w* now im hungry xD
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Posted 3/4/10
wow thank you for sharing this
lol i want to live in Japan now because of all this food
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Posted 3/4/10

animefreak4life wrote:
hmmmm they all look so good *w* now im hungry xD

animefrreak-chan!! i know wat u mean!! i have 2 keep from lookin at dis topic!!
it alwayz make me hungry 2!!! hahaaha kee kees!!
demo zenbu oishiisou ne!! (but it all looks so delicious huh!!)


ahoy-kun wrote:
wow thank you for sharing this
lol i want to live in Japan now because of all this food

i know!!! ahoy-chan!! u ready?!! let's go!!



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Posted 3/18/10
It all looks so tasty all of it
but Norimaki, nigiri and onigiri are my faves
Wish I could find a place around here that sells that stuff. I would go there every week
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Posted 6/9/10
OHMYGOD! totemo OISHIIIII!
Im sooo gonna try these foods when i go to JAPANN
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Posted 6/9/10
I really wanna try curry rice! i haven't tried it ;;;;;; but i will someday! it lookss so gooooooood
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Posted 6/9/10

anime_fighter wrote:
I really wanna try curry rice! i haven't tried it ;;;;;; but i will someday! it lookss so gooooooood


anime_fighter-chan!! u have 2 try it!! it's totemo oishiii!! my favorite jpn dish!!
did u c the write-up i did on it?!! check out da "japanese dishes!!" topic!! it's easy 2 make!!
maybe u & okasan can make 2gether?!!
oh & if u do!! b sure take some pics and put up in da topic ok!! would luv 2 c!!

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Posted 3/20/11
i want some !!! XD tommy, you did this on purpose cause you know i love food !
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Posted 3/20/11

SilentArtist wrote:

i want some !!! XD tommy, you did this on purpose cause you know i love food !







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Posted 8/19/12
what about natto?
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