Post Reply Nihongo o hanashimashou!!
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Posted 12/5/10 , edited 12/5/10
Inspired by crunchy member Karina7 when she asked for some "...simple japanese conversation starters."
I thought I'd do that and some!!

Note. There can be additional meanings and rules for the words below but i'm gonna try and keep it as simple as possible.

So minna join in!! Let's all practice and learn 2gether!!

"~ san (~さん)" is a title of respect added to a name. It can be used with both male and female names, and with either surnames or given names. It can also be attached to the name of occupations and titles. is the most common honorific and is a title of respect similar to "Mr.", "Miss", "Mrs.", or "Ms."

"~ kun (~君)" is used to address men who are younger or the same age as the speaker. A male might address female inferiors by "~ kun," usually in schools or companies. It can be attached to both surnames and given names. It is less polite than "~ san." It isn't used between women or when addressing one's superiors. is used by persons of senior status in addressing or referring to those of junior status, or by anyone when addressing or referring to male children or male teenagers. It can also be used by females when addressing a male that they are emotionally attached to or have known for a long period of time. Although kun is generally used for boys, that is not a hard rule. For example, in business settings, young female employees may also be addressed as kun by older males of senior status.

"~ chan (~ちゃん)" is often attached to children's names when calling them by their given names. It can also be attached to kinship terms in a childish language. it expresses that the speaker finds a person endearing. In general, chan is used for babies, young children, and teenage girls. It may also be used towards cute animals, lovers, close friends, or any youthful woman.

(O) namae wa nan desuka. What is your name?


Ohayou gozaimasu (Good morning)
Konnichiwa (Good afternoon or Hello)
Konbanwa (Good evening)

O ikutsu desuka (May I ask your age?)
Nansai desuka (informal)

Watashi wa __________ desu. (I am __________ years old.)



Tanjoubi wa itsu desuka. (When is your birthday?)



Days (yobi) of the Week (and their meanings)
Monday - Getsuyobi (Moon day)
Tuesday - Kayobi (Fire day)
Wednesday - Suiyobi (Water day)
Thursday - Mokuyobi (Wood day)
Friday - Kinyobi (Gold day)
Saturday - Doyobi (Earth day)
Sunday - Nichiyobi (Sun day)

Count the beginnings out with your fingers Getsu/Ka/Sui/Moku/Kin/Do/Nichi then just add the yobi.

Today - Kyou
This week - Konshu
This month - Kongetsu
This year - Kotoshi

Tomorrow - Ashita
Day after tomorrow - Asatte
Next week - Raishu
Next month - Raigetsu
Next year - Rainen

Yesterday - Kino
Day before yesterday - Ototoi
Last week - Senshu
Last month - Sengetsu
Last year - Kyonen


Morning - asa (Breakfast - Asagohan [literally means "morning" (asa) "rice / meal" (gohan)])
Noon - hiru (Lunch - Hirugohan)
Afternoon - gogo
Evening - ban
Night - yoru (Dinner - Yorugohan)

Gohan means cooked rice but can also mean meal.

Sukina iro wa nan desu ka. What is your favorite color?

Colors - Iro
Yellow - Kiiro In the Far East, a sacred color; but it the West it can mean treachery. / Courage
Red - Aka Passion; gets the blood flowing more intensely.
Orange - Daidaiiro Represents knowledge and civilization.
Blue - Ao Cool, passive, and also symbolizes fidelity (as in true blue)
Light Blue - Mizuiro
Green - Midori Restful and fresh
Light Green - Kimidori
White - Shiro. Purity and truth / White carnation symbolizes death
Black - Kuro Gloom, sorrow and depresssion.
Brown - Chairo
Gray - Haiiro
Pink - Momoiro
Purple - Murasaki

here's a page that really gets into the details of what the colors mean:
http://www.three-musketeers.net/mike/colors.html

What is/are your hobby(ies)? Shumi wa nan desuka.

What is/are your favorite food(s)? Suki na tabe mono wa nan desuka.

Kyoo no otenki wa hare / atsui / atatakai / kiree / kumori / suzushi / samui / ame / yuki.
Today's weather is sunny (fine) / hot / warm / beautiful / cloudy / cool / cold / rain(y) / snow(y).

What - nani
When - itsu
Where - doko
Who - dare
Why - nande

directions
Left - hidari
Right - migi
Straight - masugu
Back - ushiro
Up - ue
Down - shita

some of the verbage above is courtesy Wikipedia and About.com (i edited here/there 2 keep it as simple as possible)

note: i'll continue to add more from time to time. if you have any suggestions ~ requests, let me know!!

oh!! be sure to check out the topic "japanese word you would like to share :)" for more helpful words ~ phrases also!! nanami-chan and hitokiri-kun did a really great job!!
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Posted 1/15/12


Other than using it to answer the phone, can もしもし ever be used elswhere like greeting someone in the street or would you have to say おはよう、こんばんわ and the like?
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Posted 1/15/12

BlackAfro wrote:

Other than using it to answer the phone, can もしもし ever be used elswhere like greeting someone in the street or would you have to say おはよう、こんばんわ and the like?


BlackAfro-san, yes, moshi moshi is typically said when just answering the phone.

use the others you mentioned for your greetings on the street. also 'ogenki desu ka?' (how are you?)




Posted 1/15/12
Ha, I taught my friends to say "Nasu wa nannde desuke?" - Why is the Egg-plant?
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Posted 1/15/12 , edited 1/15/12

snow_san wrote:

BlackAfro-san, yes, moshi moshi is typically said when just answering the phone.

use the others you mentioned for your greetings on the street. also 'ogenki desu ka?' (how are you?)


ありがとございます、スノーさん.
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