おはよう ~ ohayoo ~ Good Morning
おはようございます ~ Ohayoo gozaimasu ~ Good Morning (poilte)
こんにちは ~ Konnichiwa ~ Good Afternoon
こんばんは ~ Konbanwa ~ Good Evening
さようなら ~ Sayoonara ~ Good-bye(formal)
おやすみなさい ~ oyasuminasai ~ Good Night
ありがとう ~ arigatoo ~ Thank You
ありがとうございます ~ arigatoo gozaimasu ~ Thank You (polite)
すみません ~ sumimasen ~ Excuse me; I'm sorry
いいえ ~ iie ~ No;not at all
いってきます ~ ittekimasu ~ I'll go and come back
いってらっしゃい ~ itterasshai ~ Please go and come back
ただいま ~ tadaima ~ I'm home
おかえりなさい ~ okaerinasai ~ Welcome home
いたださきます ~ itadakimasu ~ Thank you for the meal(before eating)
ごちそうさま ~ gochisoosama ~ Thank you for the meal(after eating)
はじめまして ~ hajimemashite ~ How do you do?(first time meeting someone)
どうぞよろしく ~ doozo yoroshiku ~ Nice to meet you
じゃあ、また ~ jaa, mata ~ Between friends, expecting to see each other soon
しつれいします ~ shitsureeshimasu ~ taking leave from a professional's place, like a professor's office
* when pronouncing a word that has the 'SU' the u is silent.
gozaimasu ------> gozaimass like that
**Also people have different ways of romanizing the words for example long vowels. おはよう directly translating the word would be ohayou but i was taught if there is a vowel after a two letter character, like in this case 'yo' , you extend the sound. So instead of writing it as ohayou you write it as ohayoo. Either way is fine(IMO) just depends where you learn it from.
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