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Is circumcision child abuse?
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Posted 4/27/12
can i change my mind again?

sorry im schizophrenic >:D

circ bad! yeah thats the ticket
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Posted 4/27/12 , edited 4/27/12

ShintoMale states that the United States has the largest percentage of HIV within the first world, but has yet to show how this is at all related to circumcision. It could be because of many other things, unrelated to Circumcision, such as Drug use, Prostitution, etc. Indeed, the World Health Organisation (WHO), which is part of the UN, actually says "... there is now conclusive evidence that male circumcision significantly
reduces risk of HIV infection in men."


If circumcision reduce the chanced of Aids why are uncircumcised and Japanese and Europeans have the lowest HIV rates?. when will you pro-circs answer or try to explain why europeans have less HIV rates? what's with the american psycopathic obsession with mutilating males? these african studies which claims to reduce HIV rates are flawed i already posted them before in this thread.



He also repeats the 'nobody else does it' argument, only augmenting it with the 'it exists for a reason'. The first I have already disposed by pointing out that it is not really an argument so much as it is a coercion, while the latter is laughable, in that it can be applied to a host of other things, such as the wisdom tooth, or cancer. After all, nature saw fit that we should have a wisdom tooth, or that we should be susceptible to cancer, it is therefore going against Nature's course to alter it.



again you go back to this everybody does it nonsense when NO other country is following Americans in thier quest to spread their psycpothic disorder with cutting male genitals. if you bother to reqad the previous posts i made in this thread you would understant why circumcision have no health benefits



As he has little by way of hard evidence to its effectiveness in preventing certain STDs, that it routinely kills children, etc. etc., he tries to move this to the realm of ethics, where he states that the owner of the foreskin should decide how to dispose of it. However, he should do well to remember that Children do not always know what is best for them, and, indeed, children of circumcising age do not know very many thing at all but that it is uncomfortable, and must cry. Therefore, as the child is still a tabula rasa, the relationship between a child and the parents should be govern by the natural law of the child's obidience to the parents, and the parents should act in what they view to be the best course for their child.



Children are NOT HAVING SEX ! CHILDREN DON'T HAVE SEXUAL URGES until they reach puberty . Condoms and remaining faithful are more effective in preventing the spread of STDs than chopping off pieces of genitals from unconsenting children. and affair why is circumcising NOT preventing the U.S.A from having the highest rates of STDs in the first world?





http://www.circumstitions.com/Images/hiv-vs-c-dhs-2009.jpg


cultural practices can allow the spread of STDs something the pro-circ crowed always ignore


Wife Inheritance

Among the Luo people of Kenya (who do not practise circumcision), when a man dies, his wife is "inherited" by his brother. She is required to have intercouse with him, and that intercourse must be unprotected. Otherwise the husband's spirit is not free, and the wife is not free to remarry. The rate of HIV among people tested in that region was 2/3. One man said it makes no difference if they know the woman is HIV positive. They do not believe AIDS is caused by a virus: "If a man dies, it is because he has done something wrong."

There can be no doubt that wife-inheritance is a potent factor in HIV transmission - especially where the death rate from HIV is high: it's a vicious circle. Wife inheritance is seldom if ever mentioned as a confounding factor in studies of HIV transmission.

If there should be a correlation between intactness and wife-inheritance, or between circumcision and the shunning of wife-inheritance, that might go a long way toward explaining the supposed intactness-HIV link.







Kenya: Ugunja DC's AIDS Warning

The recently circumcised men in Ugunja district are engaging in unprotected sex, area DC Kipkech Lotiatia has warned. Lotiatia said reports reaching his office indicated that the young men who recently underwent voluntary circumcision are engaging in unprotected sex especially with schoolgirls.

"We fear that the youths have unprotected sex assuming that undergoing VMC protects them from HIV virus," said the DC who directed the health officials to conduct a follow-up and counsel them. He said unless the vice is stopped, the spread of HIV/Aids in the district will increase.

He was speaking yesterday at Sigomere health centre in Ugunja district during official handover of newly-constructed wards to the public. They wards were funded by Ugenya CDF to the tune of Sh1.2 million.

The DC was flanked by Ugenya CDF chairman John Gowa Ochieng Peter Ochiel (secretary), Jackson Omari (funds manager)and Aggrey Omondi Member among other CDF Officials.

He however said he will work closely with the local leaders and stakeholders to mobilize more young men for the VMMC exercise adding that during the recent exercise at Sigomere sub location, over 200 youths underwent the cut.




http://allafrica.com/stories/201204261197.html
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Posted 4/27/12 , edited 4/27/12

shinto-male wrote:


ShintoMale states that the United States has the largest percentage of HIV within the first world, but has yet to show how this is at all related to circumcision. It could be because of many other things, unrelated to Circumcision, such as Drug use, Prostitution, etc. Indeed, the World Health Organisation (WHO), which is part of the UN, actually says "... there is now conclusive evidence that male circumcision significantly
reduces risk of HIV infection in men."


If circumcision reduce the chanced of Aids why are uncircumcised and Japanese and Europeans have the lowest HIV rates?. when will you pro-circs answer or try to explain why europeans have less HIV rates? what's with the american psycopathic obsession with mutilating males? these african studies which claims to reduce HIV rates are flawed i already posted them before in this thread.



He also repeats the 'nobody else does it' argument, only augmenting it with the 'it exists for a reason'. The first I have already disposed by pointing out that it is not really an argument so much as it is a coercion, while the latter is laughable, in that it can be applied to a host of other things, such as the wisdom tooth, or cancer. After all, nature saw fit that we should have a wisdom tooth, or that we should be susceptible to cancer, it is therefore going against Nature's course to alter it.



again you go back to this everybody does it nonsense when NO other country is following Americans in thier quest to spread their psycpothic disorder with cutting male genitals. if you bother to reqad the previous posts i made in this thread you would understant why circumcision have no health benefits



As he has little by way of hard evidence to its effectiveness in preventing certain STDs, that it routinely kills children, etc. etc., he tries to move this to the realm of ethics, where he states that the owner of the foreskin should decide how to dispose of it. However, he should do well to remember that Children do not always know what is best for them, and, indeed, children of circumcising age do not know very many thing at all but that it is uncomfortable, and must cry. Therefore, as the child is still a tabula rasa, the relationship between a child and the parents should be govern by the natural law of the child's obidience to the parents, and the parents should act in what they view to be the best course for their child.



Children are NOT HAVING SEX ! CHILDREN DON'T HAVE SEXUAL URGES until they reach puberty . Condoms and remaining faithful are more effective in preventing the spread of STDs than chopping off pieces of genitals from unconsenting children. and affair why is circumcising NOT preventing the U.S.A from having the highest rates of STDs in the first world?





http://www.circumstitions.com/Images/hiv-vs-c-dhs-2009.jpg


cultural practices can allow the spread of STDs something the pro-circ crowed always ignore


Wife Inheritance

Among the Luo people of Kenya (who do not practise circumcision), when a man dies, his wife is "inherited" by his brother. She is required to have intercouse with him, and that intercourse must be unprotected. Otherwise the husband's spirit is not free, and the wife is not free to remarry. The rate of HIV among people tested in that region was 2/3. One man said it makes no difference if they know the woman is HIV positive. They do not believe AIDS is caused by a virus: "If a man dies, it is because he has done something wrong."

There can be no doubt that wife-inheritance is a potent factor in HIV transmission - especially where the death rate from HIV is high: it's a vicious circle. Wife inheritance is seldom if ever mentioned as a confounding factor in studies of HIV transmission.

If there should be a correlation between intactness and wife-inheritance, or between circumcision and the shunning of wife-inheritance, that might go a long way toward explaining the supposed intactness-HIV link.







Kenya: Ugunja DC's AIDS Warning

The recently circumcised men in Ugunja district are engaging in unprotected sex, area DC Kipkech Lotiatia has warned. Lotiatia said reports reaching his office indicated that the young men who recently underwent voluntary circumcision are engaging in unprotected sex especially with schoolgirls.

"We fear that the youths have unprotected sex assuming that undergoing VMC protects them from HIV virus," said the DC who directed the health officials to conduct a follow-up and counsel them. He said unless the vice is stopped, the spread of HIV/Aids in the district will increase.

He was speaking yesterday at Sigomere health centre in Ugunja district during official handover of newly-constructed wards to the public. They wards were funded by Ugenya CDF to the tune of Sh1.2 million.

The DC was flanked by Ugenya CDF chairman John Gowa Ochieng Peter Ochiel (secretary), Jackson Omari (funds manager)and Aggrey Omondi Member among other CDF Officials.

He however said he will work closely with the local leaders and stakeholders to mobilize more young men for the VMMC exercise adding that during the recent exercise at Sigomere sub location, over 200 youths underwent the cut.




http://allafrica.com/stories/201204261197.html


Still, he insists on his wrongness, using the example of Europeans and Japanese, while at the same time ignoring any results that compare circumcision and STDs directly. He should do well to admit loss, for this is embarrassing for both me and him, me for having to argue with someone so thick, so unwilling to accept hard facts, and him proving himself nothing more than a giant fool who knows nothing of what he speaks of. He wants to ask us why the Europeans have less HIV than us Americans, when he evaded the question of 'does this show anything but that there are more people with HIV in America as compared with Europe and Japan?' It certainly doesn't prove anything about Circumcision, and any attempt to connect this tibit of information with circumcision is doing terrible violence upon all form of reason or sense.

As he cannot do anything but repeat the same tired argument that 'nobody else does it, so shouldn't we', I will ignore the entire paragraph, as it offers nothing new, and he has yet to show anything by way of hard data, anything but vapid ranting and fearmongering. He has, apperantly, retracted the statement that 'the foreskin is natural, therefore we should let it be', apperantly because he has come to realise what a idiotic argument it really is.

Further, he tries to attack the data by saying there are other methods of preventing HIV...which only shows that there are other effective methods, rather than proving anything. He has also deliberately ignored the UN's report, in favour of some partisan site...you would wonder at the accuracy of the data from a partisan site, rather than from the WHO, an agency within the UN, to which EUROPEAN NATIONS AND JAPAN belong, countries that he cites as model for the blessing of foreskin, while at the same time, producing a suspect graph. I leave it to the reader, whether to trust a site called 'Circumstition' (a portmanteau, apperantly, of Circumcision and Superstition), or the UN and the US Federal Government, that is to say, between an obviously partisan body, or two non-partisan bodies (unless he wants to claim that the US and the UN are staffed by evil men who wants to cut off the foreskins of children everywhere).

He then says the sex drives do not exist until puberty, and therefore, infants shouldn't be circumcized, the strongest argument he has made so far. However commendable a title that may be, it is relative to a series of extremely weak, pathos driven arguments, so, however strong it appears to his other arguments, it is still very weak. I beg that he refer back to this article by his compatriot, Dr Anne Marie Houle of the Universite Montreal

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2422990/

The benefits of infant circumsion does not limit itself to the sexual.
Posted 4/27/12

longfenglim wrote:


shinto-male wrote:


ShintoMale states that the United States has the largest percentage of HIV within the first world, but has yet to show how this is at all related to circumcision. It could be because of many other things, unrelated to Circumcision, such as Drug use, Prostitution, etc. Indeed, the World Health Organisation (WHO), which is part of the UN, actually says "... there is now conclusive evidence that male circumcision significantly
reduces risk of HIV infection in men."


If circumcision reduce the chanced of Aids why are uncircumcised and Japanese and Europeans have the lowest HIV rates?. when will you pro-circs answer or try to explain why europeans have less HIV rates? what's with the american psycopathic obsession with mutilating males? these african studies which claims to reduce HIV rates are flawed i already posted them before in this thread.



He also repeats the 'nobody else does it' argument, only augmenting it with the 'it exists for a reason'. The first I have already disposed by pointing out that it is not really an argument so much as it is a coercion, while the latter is laughable, in that it can be applied to a host of other things, such as the wisdom tooth, or cancer. After all, nature saw fit that we should have a wisdom tooth, or that we should be susceptible to cancer, it is therefore going against Nature's course to alter it.



again you go back to this everybody does it nonsense when NO other country is following Americans in thier quest to spread their psycpothic disorder with cutting male genitals. if you bother to reqad the previous posts i made in this thread you would understant why circumcision have no health benefits



As he has little by way of hard evidence to its effectiveness in preventing certain STDs, that it routinely kills children, etc. etc., he tries to move this to the realm of ethics, where he states that the owner of the foreskin should decide how to dispose of it. However, he should do well to remember that Children do not always know what is best for them, and, indeed, children of circumcising age do not know very many thing at all but that it is uncomfortable, and must cry. Therefore, as the child is still a tabula rasa, the relationship between a child and the parents should be govern by the natural law of the child's obidience to the parents, and the parents should act in what they view to be the best course for their child.



Children are NOT HAVING SEX ! CHILDREN DON'T HAVE SEXUAL URGES until they reach puberty . Condoms and remaining faithful are more effective in preventing the spread of STDs than chopping off pieces of genitals from unconsenting children. and affair why is circumcising NOT preventing the U.S.A from having the highest rates of STDs in the first world?





http://www.circumstitions.com/Images/hiv-vs-c-dhs-2009.jpg


cultural practices can allow the spread of STDs something the pro-circ crowed always ignore


Wife Inheritance

Among the Luo people of Kenya (who do not practise circumcision), when a man dies, his wife is "inherited" by his brother. She is required to have intercouse with him, and that intercourse must be unprotected. Otherwise the husband's spirit is not free, and the wife is not free to remarry. The rate of HIV among people tested in that region was 2/3. One man said it makes no difference if they know the woman is HIV positive. They do not believe AIDS is caused by a virus: "If a man dies, it is because he has done something wrong."

There can be no doubt that wife-inheritance is a potent factor in HIV transmission - especially where the death rate from HIV is high: it's a vicious circle. Wife inheritance is seldom if ever mentioned as a confounding factor in studies of HIV transmission.

If there should be a correlation between intactness and wife-inheritance, or between circumcision and the shunning of wife-inheritance, that might go a long way toward explaining the supposed intactness-HIV link.







Kenya: Ugunja DC's AIDS Warning

The recently circumcised men in Ugunja district are engaging in unprotected sex, area DC Kipkech Lotiatia has warned. Lotiatia said reports reaching his office indicated that the young men who recently underwent voluntary circumcision are engaging in unprotected sex especially with schoolgirls.

"We fear that the youths have unprotected sex assuming that undergoing VMC protects them from HIV virus," said the DC who directed the health officials to conduct a follow-up and counsel them. He said unless the vice is stopped, the spread of HIV/Aids in the district will increase.

He was speaking yesterday at Sigomere health centre in Ugunja district during official handover of newly-constructed wards to the public. They wards were funded by Ugenya CDF to the tune of Sh1.2 million.

The DC was flanked by Ugenya CDF chairman John Gowa Ochieng Peter Ochiel (secretary), Jackson Omari (funds manager)and Aggrey Omondi Member among other CDF Officials.

He however said he will work closely with the local leaders and stakeholders to mobilize more young men for the VMMC exercise adding that during the recent exercise at Sigomere sub location, over 200 youths underwent the cut.




http://allafrica.com/stories/201204261197.html


Still, he insists on his wrongness, using the example of Europeans and Japanese, while at the same time ignoring any results that compare circumcision and STDs directly. He should do well to admit loss, for this is embarrassing for both me and him, me for having to argue with someone so thick, so unwilling to accept hard facts, and him proving himself nothing more than a giant fool who knows nothing of what he speaks of. He wants to ask us why the Europeans have less HIV than us Americans, when he evaded the question of 'does this show anything but that there are more people with HIV in America as compared with Europe and Japan?' It certainly doesn't prove anything about Circumcision, and any attempt to connect this tibit of information with circumcision is doing terrible violence upon all form of reason or sense.

As he cannot do anything but repeat the same tired argument that 'nobody else does it, so shouldn't we', I will ignore the entire paragraph, as it offers nothing new, and he has yet to show anything by way of hard data, anything but vapid ranting and fearmongering. He has, apperantly, retracted the statement that 'the foreskin is natural, therefore we should let it be', apperantly because he has come to realise what a idiotic argument it really is.

Further, he tries to attack the data by saying there are other methods of preventing HIV...which only shows that there are other effective methods, rather than proving anything. He has also deliberately ignored the UN's report, in favour of some partisan site...you would wonder at the accuracy of the data from a partisan site, rather than from the WHO, an agency within the UN, to which EUROPEAN NATIONS AND JAPAN belong, countries that he cites as model for the blessing of foreskin, while at the same time, producing a suspect graph. I leave it to the reader, whether to trust a site called 'Circumstition' (a portmanteau, apperantly, of Circumcision and Superstition), or the UN and the US Federal Government, that is to say, between an obviously partisan body, or two non-partisan bodies (unless he wants to claim that the US and the UN are staffed by evil men who wants to cut off the foreskins of children everywhere).

He then says the sex drives do not exist until puberty, and therefore, infants shouldn't be circumcized, the strongest argument he has made so far. However commendable a title that may be, it is relative to a series of extremely weak, pathos driven arguments, so, however strong it appears to his other arguments, it is still very weak. I beg that he refer back to this article by his compatriot, Dr Anne Marie Houle of the Universite Montreal

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2422990/

The benefits of infant circumsion does not limit itself to the sexual.


He may just be a troll whom was never circumcised. Sitting over there with his weirdly-shaped phallus. Gross.
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Posted 4/28/12 , edited 4/28/12


He may just be a troll whom was never circumcised. Sitting over there with his weirdly-shaped phallus. Gross.


so are 85% of the world's males are gross? why do you pro-circs love to dehumanize males who choose not to cut their genitals? and get angry when one of them like me defend themselves? what is wrong with you







Benefits enjoyed by males who are intact (not circumcised)

1. Full penis length and circumference. The "prepuce" (foreskin) constitutes 50% or more of the skin system of the penis [1]. If unfolded and spread flat, the average adult foreskin measures 60-90 square centimeters (10-14 square inches) [2], or about the size of an index card [see illustration]. The foreskin creates a visibly longer penis, especially when the foreskin extends beyond the head of the penis. Also, the double-layered tissue of the foreskin engorges with blood during erection and creates a visibly and sensually thicker shaft and glans.When the engorged foreskin retracts behind the coronal ridge of the glans, it often creates a wider and more pronounced "ridge" that many partners find especially stimulating during penetrative intercourse. The circumcised penis appears truncated and thinner than a full-sized intact penis.

2. Protection. The sleeve of tissue known as the foreskin normally covers the glans and protects it from abrasion, drying, callusing (keratinization), and environmental contaminants. The glans is intended by nature to be a protected internal organ, like the female clitoris [see illustration]. The effect of an exposed glans and resulting keratinization on human sexual response has never been studied. Increasing reports by circumcised men indicate that keratinization causes a loss of sexual sensation, pleasure and fulfillment [3, 4].

3. Ridged bands. The inner foreskin contains bands of densely innervated, sexually responsive tissue [1]. They constitute a primary erogenous zone of the human penis and are important for realizing the fullness and intensity of sexual response [5].

4. Gliding action. The foreskin is the only moving part of the penis. During any sexual activity, the foreskin and glans work in unison; their mutual interaction creates a complete sexual response. In heterosexual intercourse, the non-abrasive gliding of the penis in and out of itself within the vagina facilitates smooth and pleasurable intercourse for both partners [Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)see illustration]. Without this gliding action, the corona of the circumcised penis can function as a one-way valve, dragging vaginal lubricants out into the drying air and making artificial lubricants essential for non-painful intercourse [6].

5. Specialized sensory tissue. In addition to the "ridged bands" mentioned above, thousands of coiled fine-touch receptors (Meissner’s corpuscles) constitute the most important sensory component of the penis [1]. The foreskin contains branches of the dorsal nerve and between 10,000 and 20,000 specialized erotogenic nerve endings of several types, which are capable of sensing slight motion and stretch, subtle changes in temperature, and fine gradations in texture [7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12].

6. The frenulum. This is a highly nerve-laden web of tissue that tethers the inner foreskin to the underside of the glans [see photo]. It is similar to the frenula found under the tongue, the upper lip and the clitoral hood (female foreskin). For many intact men, the penile frenulum is a male "G-spot" that is highly pleasurable when repeatedly stretched and relaxed during sexual activity [13]. Depending on the surgical method used, the frenulum is partially to completely destroyed by circumcision.

7. Proper blood flow. The foreskin contains several feet of blood vessels, including the frenular artery and branches of the dorsal artery. The loss of this rich vascularization interrupts normal blood flow to the shaft and glans of the penis, damaging the natural function of the penis and altering its development [1].

8. Immunological defense. The soft mucosa of the inner foreskin produces plasma cells, which secrete immunoglobulin antibodies, and antibacterial and antiviral proteins [7, 14], such as the pathogen-killing enzyme called lysozyme [15 and Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)see explanation]. All of the human mucosa (the linings of the mouth, eyelids, vagina, foreskin and anus) are the body's first line of defense against disease. This benefit of the foreskin could be one possible explanation why intact men are at lower risk of chlamydia and other sexually transmitted diseases [16-21].

9. Langerhans cells. These specialized epithelial cells are a component of the immune system and may play a role in protecting the penis from sexually transmitted infections such as HIV (AIDS) [Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)see explanation and 14-16, 18].

10. Proper lymph flow. The foreskin contains lymphatic vessels, which are necessary for proper lymph flow and immunological functioning.

11. Estrogen receptors. The foreskin contains estrogen receptors, whose purpose is not yet fully understood and needs further study [22].

12. Apocrine glands. These glands produce pheromones, nature’s invisible yet compelling signals to potential sexual partners. The effect of their absence on human sexual behavior has never been studied [23].

13. Sebaceous glands. The oils produced by these glands lubricate and moisturize the foreskin and glans, so that the two structures function together smoothly.

14. Dartos fascia. This is a smooth muscle sheath that underlies the scrotum, the entire penis and the tip of the foreskin. It is necessary for proper temperature regulation of the genitals (causing these structures to elongate in the heat and shrink in the cold). Approximately half of the Dartos fascia is destroyed by circumcision [7].

15. Natural texture and coloration of the glans. In the intact penis, the glans normally appears moist, shiney, and pinkish-red to dark purple. These visual cues often attract and excite a sexual partner. The glans of a circumcised penis is dry, rough and often light pink to bluish-gray in color [see photos].

16. Zero risk of serious infection or surgical injury. Unfortunate boys who suffer botched circumcisions lose part or all of their penis from surgical mishap or subsequent infection. They are often "sexually reassigned" by castration and "transgender surgery." They are relegated to a life of hormone therapy and are compelled to live their lives as pseudo-females, the success of which has never been fully assessed [24-46].

17. Zero risk of death from surgery. Every year boy die from the complications of circumcision, a fact that the American circumcision industry ignores, obscures, or downplays [29-31].

18. Zero risk of delayed or diminished maternal bonding. Circumcision, even if anesthesia is used, causes unavoidable operative trauma and post-operative pain that has been shown to disrupt bonding with the mother, which in turn interferes with the first developmental task of every human, that of trust (trust in human contact, in personal safety, etc) [47-51].

19. Electromagnetic "cross-communication." Anecdotal reports suggest that, without the mucosa of its foreskin, the penis lacks the capacity for the subtle electromagentic energy transfer that occurs during contact between two mucous membranes (the vaginal walls and the exposed inner lining of the foreskin). Such contact contributes to the full experience of sexual pleasure. These reports deserve further scientific study.

20. The foreskin is necessary for optimal health and well-being of the male, as well as contributing to fulfillment
in his sexual relationships.

Adapted for use by NOHARMM from a list compiled by
Gary L. Harryman (NORM/Southern California) glharryman@aol.com

References

1. Taylor, J. R. et al., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"The Prepuce: Specialized Mucosa of the Penis and Its Loss to Circumcision," British Journal of Urology 77 (1996): 291-295.

2. Werker, P, Terng, A, Kon, M, Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"The Prepuce Free Flap: Dissection Feasibility Study and Clinical Application of a Super-Thin New Flap," Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery 102 (1998): 1075-1082.

3. Money, J. and Davison J., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Adult penile circumcision: erotosexual and cosmetic sequelae," The Journal of Sex Research, Vol 19 No. 3, Aug 1983.

4. Hammond, T. "A Preliminary Poll of Men Circumcised in Infancy or Childhood," BJU International 83, Suppl. 1 (1999): 85-92.

5. Bullough, V. L. and Bullough, B. ed., "Circumcision: Male-Effects Upon Human Sexuality," Human Sexuality Encyclopedia,Garland, 1994.

6. O'Hara, K. and O'Hara, J., "The effect of male circumcision on the sexual enjoyment of the female partner," British Journal of Urology, 83, Supplement 1, (1999): 79-84.

7. Cold, C, Taylor, J, "The Prepuce," BJU International 83, Suppl. 1, (1999): 34-44.

8. Bazett, H. C. et al., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Depth, Distribution and Probable Identification in the Prepuce of Sensory End-Organs Concerned in Sensations of Temperature and Touch; Thermometric Conductivity," Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry 27 (1932): 489-517.

9. Dogiel, A. S., "Die Nervenendigungen in der Haut der äusseren Genitalorgane des Menschen," [Nerve endings in human genital mucosa] Archiv fur Mikroskopische Anatomie 41 (1893): 585-612.

10. Winkelmann, R. K., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"The Cutaneous Innervation of Human Newborn Prepuce," Journal of Investigative Dermatology 26 (1956): 53-67.

11. Winkelmann, R. K., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"The Erogenous Zones: Their Nerve Supply and Its Significance," Proceedings of the Staff Meetings of the Mayo Clinic, 1959.

12. Erickson, J. A., "Three Zones of Penile Skin," Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)five photographs in Lander M. M., "The Human Prepuce," in Denniston, G. C. and Milos, M. F., eds., Sexual Mutilations: A Human Tragedy, Plenum Press (1997): 79-81.

13. Seifer, Judith, R.N. (President, American Assn. of Sex Educators, Counselors and Therapists) "Ask men's health." Men's Health (October 1994): 133

14. Fleiss, P., Hodges, F. M., and Van Howe, R. S., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Immunological Functions of the Human Prepuce," Sexually Transmitted Infections, 1998.

15. Lee-Huang, S, Huang P.L., Sun Y., et al "Lysozyme and RNases as anti-HIV components in beta-core preparations of human chorionic gonadotropin," Proc Natl Acad Sci (U S A) 1999 (Mar 16);96(6):2678-2681.

16. Van Howe, R.S., "Does Circumcision Influence Sexually Transmitted Diseases?" BJU International 83, Suppl. 1 (1999): 52-62.

17. Laumann, E.O. et al., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Circumcision in the United States: Prevalence, Prophylactic Effects, and Sexual Practice," JAMA 277, 1997.

18. Nicoll, A. Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Routine male neonatal circumcision and risk of infection with HIV-1 and other sexually transmitted diseases," Archives of Disease in Childhood (London) 1997;77(3):194-195.

19. Smith, G. L. et al., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Circumcision as a Risk Factor for Urethritis in Racial Groups," American Journal of Public Health 77, 1987.

20. Cook, L. S. et al., "Clinical Presentation of Genital Warts among Circumcised and Uncircumcised Heterosexual Men Attending an Urban STD Clinic," Genitourinary Medicine 69 (1993): 262-264.

21. Tanne, J.H., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"U.S. has epidemic of sexually transmitted disease," BMJ 1998;317:1616.

22. Hausmann, R. et al., "The Forensic Value of the Immunohistochemical Detection of Oestrogen Receptors in Vaginal Epithelium," International Journal of Legal Medicine 109 (1996): 10-30.

23. Ahmed, A. and Jones, A. W., "Apocrin Cystadenoma: A Report of Two Cases Occurring on the Prepuce," British Journal of Dermatology, 1969.

24. Cleary, D. G. and Kohl, S., "Overwhelming infection with group B beta-hemolytic streptococcus associated with circumcision," Pediatrics, Vol 64, no 3, (September 1979), pp. 301-303.

25. Williams and Kapila, Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Complications of Circumcision," British Journal of Surgery, Oct 1993.

26. Diamond, M. and Sigmundson, H. K., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Sex Reassignment at Birth," Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 1997.

27. Money, J., "Ablatio Penis: Normal Male Infant Sex-Reassigned as a Girl," Archives of Sexual Behavior, 1975.

28. Bradley, S. J. et al, Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Experiment of Nurture: Ablatio Penis at 2 Months, Sex Reassignment at 7 months, and a Psychosexual Follow-up in Young Adulthood," Pediatrics 1998.

29. "Baby bleeds to death after circumcision," Miami Herald, June 21, 1993.

30. "Boy in coma most of his 6 years dies," Associated Press, July 10, 1992.

31. "Circumcision that didn't heal kills boy," NewsNet5 - Cleveland, Ohio, October 20, 1998.

32. "Permanent foreshortening and disfigurement of the penis," Associated Press, November 30, 1995.

33. Palmer, J. M. and Link, D., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Impotence following anesthesia for elective circumcision," JAMA 1979; 241:2635-6.

34. Pearlman, C. K., "Reconstruction Following Iatrogenic Burn of the Penis," Journal of Pediatric Surgery 11 (1976): 121-122.

35. Persad, R. et al., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Clinical Presentation and Pathophysiology of Meatal Stenosis Following Circumcision," Brit Journal of Urology 75, 1995.

36. Lerner, B. L., "Amputation of the penis as a complication of circumcision," Med Rec Ann 1952; 46: 229-31.

37. Levitt, S. B., Smith R. B., Ship A.G,. "Iatrogenic microphallus secondary to circumcision," Urology 1976; 8: 472-4.

38. Gearhart, J. P. and Rock, J. A., "Total Ablation of the Penis after Circumcision with Electrocautery: A Method of Management and Long-Term Followup," Journal of Urology 142 (1989): 799-801.

39. Gluckman, G. R. et al., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Newborn Penile Glans Amputation during Circumcision and Successful Reattachment," Journal of Urology 153 (1995): 778.

40. Kaplan, G. W., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Complications of Circumcision," Urologic Clinics of North America 10, 1983.

41. Stefan, H., "Reconstruction of the Penis Following Necrosis from Circumcision Used High Frequency Cutting Current," Sbornik Vedeckych Praci Lekarske Fakulty Karlovy Univerzity (Hradci Kralove) vol. 35, no. 5 (Suppl) 1992, pp. 449-454.

42. Strimling, B. S., "Partial Amputation of Glans Penis during Mogen Clamp Circumcision," Pediatrics 87 (1996): 906-907.

43. Taddio, A. et al., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Effect of Neonatal Circumcision on Pain Response during Subsequent Routine Vaccination," Lancet 349 (1997): 599-603.

44. Talarico, R. D. and Jasaitis, J. E., "Concealed Penis: A Complication of Neonatal Circumcision," Journal of Urology 110 (1973): 732-733.

45. Kirkpatrick, B. V. and Eitzman, D. V., "Neonatal Septicemia after Circumcision," Clinical Pediatrics 13 (1974): 767-768.

46. Lee L.D., and Millar A.J.W. "Ruptured bladder following circumcision using Plastibell device," British Journal of Urology 1990; 65: 216-17.

47. Cansever, G., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Psychological effects of circumcision," Br J Med Psychol 1965; 38: 321-31.

48. Marshall, R. E. et al., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Circumcision: II. Effects upon Mother-Infant Interaction," Early Human Development , 1982.

49. Goldman, R., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Circumcision: The Hidden Trauma," Vanguard Publications, 1997.

50. Prescott, J. W., "Genital Pain vs. Genital Pleasure: Why the One and Not the Other?" Truth Seeker 1 (1989): 14-21.

51. Immerman, R. S. and Mackey, W.C., "A Proposed Relationship Between Circumcision and Neural Reorganization," Journal of Genetic Psychology, 1998.










cultural practices that pro-circs ignore which spread STDs


Wife Inheritance

Among the Luo people of Kenya (who do not practise circumcision), when a man dies, his wife is "inherited" by his brother. She is required to have intercouse with him, and that intercourse must be unprotected. Otherwise the husband's spirit is not free, and the wife is not free to remarry. The rate of HIV among people tested in that region was 2/3. One man said it makes no difference if they know the woman is HIV positive. They do not believe AIDS is caused by a virus: "If a man dies, it is because he has done something wrong."

There can be no doubt that wife-inheritance is a potent factor in HIV transmission - especially where the death rate from HIV is high: it's a vicious circle. Wife inheritance is seldom if ever mentioned as a confounding factor in studies of HIV transmission.

If there should be a correlation between intactness and wife-inheritance, or between circumcision and the shunning of wife-inheritance, that might go a long way toward explaining the supposed intactness-HIV link.



STDs spread because THEY ARE NOT USING CONDOMS

CONDOMS are cheap
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Posted 4/28/12
Peaches Geldof won't have son circumcised

Peaches Geldof will not have her newborn son circumcised.

The 23-year-old daughter of Bob Geldof - who gave birth to Astala Dylan Willow on Saturday (21.04.12) - converted to Judaism for fiancé Thomas Cohen last year, although both have decided against having the little one undergo the traditional procedure.

Thomas, who fronts band S.C.U.M, said: "Even though we're both Jewish, our baby won't have a Jewish circumcision."

And another thing their first-born won't be having is a nanny as the love-birds are determined to do everything themselves.

Thomas told the Daily Star newspaper: "We definitely won't have a nanny. We have already made that decision.

"It'll be just us and our families looking after our baby.

"We've discussed how we're going to bring him up, but that's something I can't really talk about."

Meanwhile, the proud father - who will marry Peaches in a full Jewish ceremony next year - says he has been swotting up on ways to make his boy smile.

He added: "I've been reading baby books and watched a film the other night with tips on how to make sure he'll be happy. My favourite thing for the nursery is a wigwam to put outside.

"I'm going to put him in it. It's really for when he's a bit older, but I couldn't resist it."

http://www.femalefirst.co.uk/celebrity/Peaches+Geldof-236852.html
Posted 4/28/12


Non-circs can use their foreskin as a flag. Gross.
Posted 4/28/12

shinto-male wrote:


DeusExMachine wrote:



Non-circs can use their foreskin as a flag. Gross.



enjoy your lube and viagra


Enjoy your germ colony beneath that monk hood.
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Posted 4/28/12
Circumcision assault case brings fine – conviction but no punishment for parents
Legal status of non-medical circumcisions remains murky.

Helsinki District Court imposed a fine on a man convicted of assault and battery on Friday for performing circumcisions on two Muslim boys. The parents of the boys were convicted of incitement to assault and battery, but no punishment was meted out.
The man who performed the circumcisions said that he had done so thousands of times in Turkey and Iran. However, he lacked the licences required for performing such procedures in Finland.
One of the boys suffered a painful infection.

Finland does not have legislation on religiously mandated circumcisions.
In 2008 the Finnish Supreme Court ruled that religiously mandated circumcisions are not illegal if they are performed according to proper medical procedure.
In its Friday ruling, Helsinki District Court stated that it would be a misinterpretation of the Supreme Court’s earlier decision to see it as authorising non-medical circumcisions.

After the Supreme Court’s ruling, Finland has signed the Convention on Human rights and Biomedicine of the Council of Europe.
Under the convention, procedures affecting a person’s health must be performed according to applicable professional obligations and requirements. Surgical procedures can be performed on someone incapable of giving informed consent only if there are immediate benefits.
The court ruled that circumcision is a procedure that the person who undergoes it should give consent to. Another prerequisite would be that the person performing the procedure should be a medical or health care professional with a licence in Finland or elsewhere in the European Union.

The court sentenced the man who performed the circumcisions to 60 income-linked “day fines”, which in his case amounted to EUR 360. He and the parents were also ordered to pay EUR 3,000 in compensation to one of the two boys, and EUR 500 to the other.

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Enjoy your germ colony beneath that monk hood.



https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2155rank.html

you idiots have the highest STD rates in the developed world

Canada 0.3

U.S.A 0.6



8. Immunological defense. The soft mucosa of the inner foreskin produces plasma cells, which secrete immunoglobulin antibodies, and antibacterial and antiviral proteins [7, 14], such as the pathogen-killing enzyme called lysozyme [15 and Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)see explanation]. All of the human mucosa (the linings of the mouth, eyelids, vagina, foreskin and anus) are the body's first line of defense against disease. This benefit of the foreskin could be one possible explanation why intact men are at lower risk of chlamydia and other sexually transmitted diseases [16-21].

9. Langerhans cells. These specialized epithelial cells are a component of the immune system and may play a role in protecting the penis from sexually transmitted infections such as HIV (AIDS) [Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)see explanation and 14-16, 18].




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Posted 4/28/12

shinto-male wrote:



He may just be a troll whom was never circumcised. Sitting over there with his weirdly-shaped phallus. Gross.


so are 85% of the world's males are gross? why do you pro-circs love to dehumanize males who choose not to cut their genitals? and get angry when one of them like me defend themselves? what is wrong with you


ShintoMale is doing exactly that to his opponets, who are not saying that everyone should snip their foreskin, but that parents should have the right to snip their child's foreskin, and that it is a valid and legitimate choice that a parent can make for a child. I, myself, am not circumcised, but I do not give half a farthing if someone is or isn't. That ShintoMale are so concern with trying to prove that circumcision is the greatest evil and that it is child-abuse (an abuse itself of the word 'child abuse'), and infant circumcsion should be banned shows an unhealthy interest in other people's penises. It would do him well to mind his own penis first, to play with it, to take it out for a walk, and maybe even read it a book everynight before it goes to bed, before getting overmuch concerned with other people's penises.





Benefits enjoyed by males who are intact (not circumcised)

1. Full penis length and circumference. The "prepuce" (foreskin) constitutes 50% or more of the skin system of the penis [1]. If unfolded and spread flat, the average adult foreskin measures 60-90 square centimeters (10-14 square inches) [2], or about the size of an index card [see illustration]. The foreskin creates a visibly longer penis, especially when the foreskin extends beyond the head of the penis. Also, the double-layered tissue of the foreskin engorges with blood during erection and creates a visibly and sensually thicker shaft and glans.When the engorged foreskin retracts behind the coronal ridge of the glans, it often creates a wider and more pronounced "ridge" that many partners find especially stimulating during penetrative intercourse. The circumcised penis appears truncated and thinner than a full-sized intact penis.

2. Protection. The sleeve of tissue known as the foreskin normally covers the glans and protects it from abrasion, drying, callusing (keratinization), and environmental contaminants. The glans is intended by nature to be a protected internal organ, like the female clitoris [see illustration]. The effect of an exposed glans and resulting keratinization on human sexual response has never been studied. Increasing reports by circumcised men indicate that keratinization causes a loss of sexual sensation, pleasure and fulfillment [3, 4].

3. Ridged bands. The inner foreskin contains bands of densely innervated, sexually responsive tissue [1]. They constitute a primary erogenous zone of the human penis and are important for realizing the fullness and intensity of sexual response [5].

4. Gliding action. The foreskin is the only moving part of the penis. During any sexual activity, the foreskin and glans work in unison; their mutual interaction creates a complete sexual response. In heterosexual intercourse, the non-abrasive gliding of the penis in and out of itself within the vagina facilitates smooth and pleasurable intercourse for both partners [Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)see illustration]. Without this gliding action, the corona of the circumcised penis can function as a one-way valve, dragging vaginal lubricants out into the drying air and making artificial lubricants essential for non-painful intercourse [6].

5. Specialized sensory tissue. In addition to the "ridged bands" mentioned above, thousands of coiled fine-touch receptors (Meissner’s corpuscles) constitute the most important sensory component of the penis [1]. The foreskin contains branches of the dorsal nerve and between 10,000 and 20,000 specialized erotogenic nerve endings of several types, which are capable of sensing slight motion and stretch, subtle changes in temperature, and fine gradations in texture [7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12].

6. The frenulum. This is a highly nerve-laden web of tissue that tethers the inner foreskin to the underside of the glans [see photo]. It is similar to the frenula found under the tongue, the upper lip and the clitoral hood (female foreskin). For many intact men, the penile frenulum is a male "G-spot" that is highly pleasurable when repeatedly stretched and relaxed during sexual activity [13]. Depending on the surgical method used, the frenulum is partially to completely destroyed by circumcision.

7. Proper blood flow. The foreskin contains several feet of blood vessels, including the frenular artery and branches of the dorsal artery. The loss of this rich vascularization interrupts normal blood flow to the shaft and glans of the penis, damaging the natural function of the penis and altering its development [1].

8. Immunological defense. The soft mucosa of the inner foreskin produces plasma cells, which secrete immunoglobulin antibodies, and antibacterial and antiviral proteins [7, 14], such as the pathogen-killing enzyme called lysozyme [15 and Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)see explanation]. All of the human mucosa (the linings of the mouth, eyelids, vagina, foreskin and anus) are the body's first line of defense against disease. This benefit of the foreskin could be one possible explanation why intact men are at lower risk of chlamydia and other sexually transmitted diseases [16-21].

9. Langerhans cells. These specialized epithelial cells are a component of the immune system and may play a role in protecting the penis from sexually transmitted infections such as HIV (AIDS) [Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)see explanation and 14-16, 18].

10. Proper lymph flow. The foreskin contains lymphatic vessels, which are necessary for proper lymph flow and immunological functioning.

11. Estrogen receptors. The foreskin contains estrogen receptors, whose purpose is not yet fully understood and needs further study [22].

12. Apocrine glands. These glands produce pheromones, nature’s invisible yet compelling signals to potential sexual partners. The effect of their absence on human sexual behavior has never been studied [23].

13. Sebaceous glands. The oils produced by these glands lubricate and moisturize the foreskin and glans, so that the two structures function together smoothly.

14. Dartos fascia. This is a smooth muscle sheath that underlies the scrotum, the entire penis and the tip of the foreskin. It is necessary for proper temperature regulation of the genitals (causing these structures to elongate in the heat and shrink in the cold). Approximately half of the Dartos fascia is destroyed by circumcision [7].

15. Natural texture and coloration of the glans. In the intact penis, the glans normally appears moist, shiney, and pinkish-red to dark purple. These visual cues often attract and excite a sexual partner. The glans of a circumcised penis is dry, rough and often light pink to bluish-gray in color [see photos].

16. Zero risk of serious infection or surgical injury. Unfortunate boys who suffer botched circumcisions lose part or all of their penis from surgical mishap or subsequent infection. They are often "sexually reassigned" by castration and "transgender surgery." They are relegated to a life of hormone therapy and are compelled to live their lives as pseudo-females, the success of which has never been fully assessed [24-46].

17. Zero risk of death from surgery. Every year boy die from the complications of circumcision, a fact that the American circumcision industry ignores, obscures, or downplays [29-31].

18. Zero risk of delayed or diminished maternal bonding. Circumcision, even if anesthesia is used, causes unavoidable operative trauma and post-operative pain that has been shown to disrupt bonding with the mother, which in turn interferes with the first developmental task of every human, that of trust (trust in human contact, in personal safety, etc) [47-51].

19. Electromagnetic "cross-communication." Anecdotal reports suggest that, without the mucosa of its foreskin, the penis lacks the capacity for the subtle electromagentic energy transfer that occurs during contact between two mucous membranes (the vaginal walls and the exposed inner lining of the foreskin). Such contact contributes to the full experience of sexual pleasure. These reports deserve further scientific study.

20. The foreskin is necessary for optimal health and well-being of the male, as well as contributing to fulfillment
in his sexual relationships.

Adapted for use by NOHARMM from a list compiled by
Gary L. Harryman (NORM/Southern California) glharryman@aol.com

References

1. Taylor, J. R. et al., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"The Prepuce: Specialized Mucosa of the Penis and Its Loss to Circumcision," British Journal of Urology 77 (1996): 291-295.

2. Werker, P, Terng, A, Kon, M, Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"The Prepuce Free Flap: Dissection Feasibility Study and Clinical Application of a Super-Thin New Flap," Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery 102 (1998): 1075-1082.

3. Money, J. and Davison J., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Adult penile circumcision: erotosexual and cosmetic sequelae," The Journal of Sex Research, Vol 19 No. 3, Aug 1983.

4. Hammond, T. "A Preliminary Poll of Men Circumcised in Infancy or Childhood," BJU International 83, Suppl. 1 (1999): 85-92.

5. Bullough, V. L. and Bullough, B. ed., "Circumcision: Male-Effects Upon Human Sexuality," Human Sexuality Encyclopedia,Garland, 1994.

6. O'Hara, K. and O'Hara, J., "The effect of male circumcision on the sexual enjoyment of the female partner," British Journal of Urology, 83, Supplement 1, (1999): 79-84.

7. Cold, C, Taylor, J, "The Prepuce," BJU International 83, Suppl. 1, (1999): 34-44.

8. Bazett, H. C. et al., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Depth, Distribution and Probable Identification in the Prepuce of Sensory End-Organs Concerned in Sensations of Temperature and Touch; Thermometric Conductivity," Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry 27 (1932): 489-517.

9. Dogiel, A. S., "Die Nervenendigungen in der Haut der äusseren Genitalorgane des Menschen," [Nerve endings in human genital mucosa] Archiv fur Mikroskopische Anatomie 41 (1893): 585-612.

10. Winkelmann, R. K., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"The Cutaneous Innervation of Human Newborn Prepuce," Journal of Investigative Dermatology 26 (1956): 53-67.

11. Winkelmann, R. K., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"The Erogenous Zones: Their Nerve Supply and Its Significance," Proceedings of the Staff Meetings of the Mayo Clinic, 1959.

12. Erickson, J. A., "Three Zones of Penile Skin," Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)five photographs in Lander M. M., "The Human Prepuce," in Denniston, G. C. and Milos, M. F., eds., Sexual Mutilations: A Human Tragedy, Plenum Press (1997): 79-81.

13. Seifer, Judith, R.N. (President, American Assn. of Sex Educators, Counselors and Therapists) "Ask men's health." Men's Health (October 1994): 133

14. Fleiss, P., Hodges, F. M., and Van Howe, R. S., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Immunological Functions of the Human Prepuce," Sexually Transmitted Infections, 1998.

15. Lee-Huang, S, Huang P.L., Sun Y., et al "Lysozyme and RNases as anti-HIV components in beta-core preparations of human chorionic gonadotropin," Proc Natl Acad Sci (U S A) 1999 (Mar 16);96(6):2678-2681.

16. Van Howe, R.S., "Does Circumcision Influence Sexually Transmitted Diseases?" BJU International 83, Suppl. 1 (1999): 52-62.

17. Laumann, E.O. et al., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Circumcision in the United States: Prevalence, Prophylactic Effects, and Sexual Practice," JAMA 277, 1997.

18. Nicoll, A. Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Routine male neonatal circumcision and risk of infection with HIV-1 and other sexually transmitted diseases," Archives of Disease in Childhood (London) 1997;77(3):194-195.

19. Smith, G. L. et al., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Circumcision as a Risk Factor for Urethritis in Racial Groups," American Journal of Public Health 77, 1987.

20. Cook, L. S. et al., "Clinical Presentation of Genital Warts among Circumcised and Uncircumcised Heterosexual Men Attending an Urban STD Clinic," Genitourinary Medicine 69 (1993): 262-264.

21. Tanne, J.H., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"U.S. has epidemic of sexually transmitted disease," BMJ 1998;317:1616.

22. Hausmann, R. et al., "The Forensic Value of the Immunohistochemical Detection of Oestrogen Receptors in Vaginal Epithelium," International Journal of Legal Medicine 109 (1996): 10-30.

23. Ahmed, A. and Jones, A. W., "Apocrin Cystadenoma: A Report of Two Cases Occurring on the Prepuce," British Journal of Dermatology, 1969.

24. Cleary, D. G. and Kohl, S., "Overwhelming infection with group B beta-hemolytic streptococcus associated with circumcision," Pediatrics, Vol 64, no 3, (September 1979), pp. 301-303.

25. Williams and Kapila, Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Complications of Circumcision," British Journal of Surgery, Oct 1993.

26. Diamond, M. and Sigmundson, H. K., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Sex Reassignment at Birth," Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 1997.

27. Money, J., "Ablatio Penis: Normal Male Infant Sex-Reassigned as a Girl," Archives of Sexual Behavior, 1975.

28. Bradley, S. J. et al, Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Experiment of Nurture: Ablatio Penis at 2 Months, Sex Reassignment at 7 months, and a Psychosexual Follow-up in Young Adulthood," Pediatrics 1998.

29. "Baby bleeds to death after circumcision," Miami Herald, June 21, 1993.

30. "Boy in coma most of his 6 years dies," Associated Press, July 10, 1992.

31. "Circumcision that didn't heal kills boy," NewsNet5 - Cleveland, Ohio, October 20, 1998.

32. "Permanent foreshortening and disfigurement of the penis," Associated Press, November 30, 1995.

33. Palmer, J. M. and Link, D., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Impotence following anesthesia for elective circumcision," JAMA 1979; 241:2635-6.

34. Pearlman, C. K., "Reconstruction Following Iatrogenic Burn of the Penis," Journal of Pediatric Surgery 11 (1976): 121-122.

35. Persad, R. et al., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Clinical Presentation and Pathophysiology of Meatal Stenosis Following Circumcision," Brit Journal of Urology 75, 1995.

36. Lerner, B. L., "Amputation of the penis as a complication of circumcision," Med Rec Ann 1952; 46: 229-31.

37. Levitt, S. B., Smith R. B., Ship A.G,. "Iatrogenic microphallus secondary to circumcision," Urology 1976; 8: 472-4.

38. Gearhart, J. P. and Rock, J. A., "Total Ablation of the Penis after Circumcision with Electrocautery: A Method of Management and Long-Term Followup," Journal of Urology 142 (1989): 799-801.

39. Gluckman, G. R. et al., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Newborn Penile Glans Amputation during Circumcision and Successful Reattachment," Journal of Urology 153 (1995): 778.

40. Kaplan, G. W., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Complications of Circumcision," Urologic Clinics of North America 10, 1983.

41. Stefan, H., "Reconstruction of the Penis Following Necrosis from Circumcision Used High Frequency Cutting Current," Sbornik Vedeckych Praci Lekarske Fakulty Karlovy Univerzity (Hradci Kralove) vol. 35, no. 5 (Suppl) 1992, pp. 449-454.

42. Strimling, B. S., "Partial Amputation of Glans Penis during Mogen Clamp Circumcision," Pediatrics 87 (1996): 906-907.

43. Taddio, A. et al., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Effect of Neonatal Circumcision on Pain Response during Subsequent Routine Vaccination," Lancet 349 (1997): 599-603.

44. Talarico, R. D. and Jasaitis, J. E., "Concealed Penis: A Complication of Neonatal Circumcision," Journal of Urology 110 (1973): 732-733.

45. Kirkpatrick, B. V. and Eitzman, D. V., "Neonatal Septicemia after Circumcision," Clinical Pediatrics 13 (1974): 767-768.

46. Lee L.D., and Millar A.J.W. "Ruptured bladder following circumcision using Plastibell device," British Journal of Urology 1990; 65: 216-17.

47. Cansever, G., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Psychological effects of circumcision," Br J Med Psychol 1965; 38: 321-31.

48. Marshall, R. E. et al., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Circumcision: II. Effects upon Mother-Infant Interaction," Early Human Development , 1982.

49. Goldman, R., Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)"Circumcision: The Hidden Trauma," Vanguard Publications, 1997.

50. Prescott, J. W., "Genital Pain vs. Genital Pleasure: Why the One and Not the Other?" Truth Seeker 1 (1989): 14-21.

51. Immerman, R. S. and Mackey, W.C., "A Proposed Relationship Between Circumcision and Neural Reorganization," Journal of Genetic Psychology, 1998.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sexual_effects_of_circumcision

There is no conclusive evidence that there is a decrease in either erectile abilities, in penile function, or in sexual pleasure in any major study, whether adult or neonatal. The American Academy of Family Physician has this to say:

http://www.aafp.org/online/en/home/clinical/clinicalrecs/children/circumcision.html
Sexual Functioning and Penile Problems

The effect of circumcision on penile sensation or sexual satisfaction is unknown. Because the epithelium of a circumcised glans becomes cornified, and because some feel nerve over-stimulation leads to desensitization, many believe that the glans of a circumcised penis is less sensitive. Opinions differ about how this decreased sensitivity, which may result in prolonged time to orgasm, affects sexual satisfaction. An investigation of the exteroceptive and light tactile discrimination of the glans of circumcised and uncircumcised men found no difference on comparison. (24) No valid evidence to date, however, supports the notion that being circumcised affects sexual sensation or satisfaction.

I can cite a plentora of articles stating much the same, but it is clear, that there is nothing to show that it adversly affect any penile function or cause any penile problems, and, to the contrary, actually offers effective remedy to certain problems such as urinary tract infections etc. In addition, I have already shown that death and castration is so rare, as to be not worth mentioning. Trauma, likewise, is not supported in very many scientific studies, as the study by E.W. Gerharz and C. Haarmann states:

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1464-410x.2000.00103.x/full

Despite the prevailing assumptions and prejudices about the serious psychological effects of circumcision in the young child, firm scientific data on this important issue are scarce. Some authors state that circumcision, performed around the phallic stage, is perceived by the child as an act of aggression and castration. Circumcision is said to have detrimental effects on the child's functioning and adaptation, particularly on his ego strength. Cansever's article [23] on the psychological consequences of circumcision was published when the Freudian school of psychoanalysis was more influential than it currently is. As this paper is still cited in contemporary debates, those using it should be aware of the methodology and that few individuals were enrolled in the study. Serious assumptions about the devastating psychological sequelae of circumcision were based on a study of 12 children from different socio-economic levels and from a cultural background (Turkey) that may not be representative of other countries. A more recent review [10] on the medical benefits and risks of circumcision clearly showed that there is little evidence of adverse effects on sexual, psychological and emotional health.

Likewise, this study also reinforces most of the other studies concerning HIV and circumcision:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1758146/pdf/v074p00368.pdf





cultural practices that pro-circs ignore which spread STDs


Wife Inheritance

Among the Luo people of Kenya (who do not practise circumcision), when a man dies, his wife is "inherited" by his brother. She is required to have intercouse with him, and that intercourse must be unprotected. Otherwise the husband's spirit is not free, and the wife is not free to remarry. The rate of HIV among people tested in that region was 2/3. One man said it makes no difference if they know the woman is HIV positive. They do not believe AIDS is caused by a virus: "If a man dies, it is because he has done something wrong."

There can be no doubt that wife-inheritance is a potent factor in HIV transmission - especially where the death rate from HIV is high: it's a vicious circle. Wife inheritance is seldom if ever mentioned as a confounding factor in studies of HIV transmission.

If there should be a correlation between intactness and wife-inheritance, or between circumcision and the shunning of wife-inheritance, that might go a long way toward explaining the supposed intactness-HIV link.



STDs spread because THEY ARE NOT USING CONDOMS

CONDOMS are cheap


Shitomale should recall that nobody is suggesting that circumcision should replace other methods of protection against HIV, but that almost all sources agree that Circumcision do provide penventative measures for HIV.
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shinto-male wrote:

Circumcision assault case brings fine – conviction but no punishment for parents
Legal status of non-medical circumcisions remains murky.

Helsinki District Court imposed a fine on a man convicted of assault and battery on Friday for performing circumcisions on two Muslim boys. The parents of the boys were convicted of incitement to assault and battery, but no punishment was meted out.
The man who performed the circumcisions said that he had done so thousands of times in Turkey and Iran. However, he lacked the licences required for performing such procedures in Finland.
One of the boys suffered a painful infection.

Finland does not have legislation on religiously mandated circumcisions.
In 2008 the Finnish Supreme Court ruled that religiously mandated circumcisions are not illegal if they are performed according to proper medical procedure.
In its Friday ruling, Helsinki District Court stated that it would be a misinterpretation of the Supreme Court’s earlier decision to see it as authorising non-medical circumcisions.

After the Supreme Court’s ruling, Finland has signed the Convention on Human rights and Biomedicine of the Council of Europe.
Under the convention, procedures affecting a person’s health must be performed according to applicable professional obligations and requirements. Surgical procedures can be performed on someone incapable of giving informed consent only if there are immediate benefits.
The court ruled that circumcision is a procedure that the person who undergoes it should give consent to. Another prerequisite would be that the person performing the procedure should be a medical or health care professional with a licence in Finland or elsewhere in the European Union.

The court sentenced the man who performed the circumcisions to 60 income-linked “day fines”, which in his case amounted to EUR 360. He and the parents were also ordered to pay EUR 3,000 in compensation to one of the two boys, and EUR 500 to the other.




Stories, as I have said before, prove nothing, yet, still ShintoMale insists upon them.
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Posted 4/28/12

shinto-male wrote:




Enjoy your germ colony beneath that monk hood.



https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2155rank.html

you idiots have the highest STD rates in the developed world

Canada 0.3

U.S.A 0.6


Has already been refuted.




8. Immunological defense. The soft mucosa of the inner foreskin produces plasma cells, which secrete immunoglobulin antibodies, and antibacterial and antiviral proteins [7, 14], such as the pathogen-killing enzyme called lysozyme [15 and Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)see explanation]. All of the human mucosa (the linings of the mouth, eyelids, vagina, foreskin and anus) are the body's first line of defense against disease. This benefit of the foreskin could be one possible explanation why intact men are at lower risk of chlamydia and other sexually transmitted diseases [16-21].

9. Langerhans cells. These specialized epithelial cells are a component of the immune system and may play a role in protecting the penis from sexually transmitted infections such as HIV (AIDS) [Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)see explanation and 14-16, 18].







http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1758146/pdf/v074p00368.pdf
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3042320/?tool=pmcentrez
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3042320/pdf/nihms64763.pdf
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http://www.cirp.org/library/hygiene/

Penile hygiene for intact (non-circumcised) males

This page offers factual information to help medical personnel and parents understand the proper care of the natural, complete, intact penis.

The word hygiene comes from Greek, and means "the protection and promotion of health." Keeping the body clean is only part of what it takes to be healthful. In some cases, excessive washing can actually cause health problems as will be explained below.

This page provides a brief overview of penile hygiene with links to library holdings.
Why this page is needed

Many physicians today are totally ignorant of the care of the intact penis, and frequently give inappropriate advice to parents. For example, we have received numerous reports of incidents in which physicians have improperly attempted to retract the foreskin of infants and young boys prematurely.5

For the majority of American males, having been circumcised at birth, the intact (not circumcised) penis may seem strange and mysterious. Many American medical doctors, themselves circumcised, are ignorant of the subject5 because care of the intact penis is rarely mentioned in medical school.

Improper advice and care of the intact penis often leads to injury and subsequent circumcision. When this happens, it is often turned around and used as reinforcement for the claims that "circumcision should have been done in the first place!"

Many individuals within the American medical community have been promoting male neonatal circumcision for over a century. Circumcising doctors have claimed in many publications that the foreskin is the source of all manner of illnesses and disease.17 Many have claimed that "extraordinary precautions" must be taken to prevent infection in the intact male. To a large extent these claims serve to maintain the status quo by which doctors are paid on a fee-for-service basis.

Today, more and more parents and doctors know that optimum emotional and physical health is achieved by avoiding circumcision. There are more and more intact non-circumcised boys in the North American community, so the intact boy no longer stands out in the locker room.
Protective functions that contribute to health

The foreskin is actually designed by nature to provide protection against disease and injury.17 By understanding these protections, we allow the foreskin to function in its role of protecting the human body from infection and disease. This page will serve to increase that understanding.

The foreskin of the newborn is:

fused with the underlying glans penis in most boys.1 7
relatively long in many boys in relation to the length of the penis as compared with adult males.20, Fig. 3
usually narrow at the tip.1
filled with muscle fibers that keep the foreskin opening closed and pathogens out.4 17
protected from infection by oligosaccarides from breast milk.9 11 17

The fusion of the foreskin with the glans penis7 means that no sub-preputial space or cavity exists in most infant boys.20 Nature intends the glans penis (head) to be an internal organ before puberty and a covered, protected organ after puberty. The narrow tip of the foreskin in most boys cannot be retracted because the diameter is less than that of the glans penis. Even if the tip were wider, the fusion of the foreskin with the glans would still prevent retraction.7 The narrow non-retractile foreskin protects the urethral opening from foreign matter and infection and from the ammonia that is created by chemical action in wet diapers (nappies).16 The shape of the immature infant foreskin does not indicate the appearance of the adult foreskin.

The muscle fibers allow the tip of the foreskin to open to allow a stream of urine to flow out but draw the prepuce closed again after urination is finished, thereby preventing entry of fecal matter that contains pathogens.17

Breastfed babies excrete oligosaccharides in their urine.9 17 The oligosaccharides prevent bacterial adhesion to the foreskin and other uroepithelial tissue,11 17 19 so if bacterial adhesion is prevented the risk of urinary infection is greatly reduced.19

Boys with an intact foreskin have health advantages over those who have been circumcised. The intact foreskin protects the glans penis from ammoniacal diapers (nappies) and prevents meatitis, meatal ulceration, and meatal stenosis. The sub-preputial moisture contains lysozyme, an enzyme that attacks and destroys pathogens.17 Intact boys don't have an open circumcision wound that may become infected and so they have fewer infections.17 Intact boys are not troubled with adhesions or skin bridges, which are complications of circumcision.

Optimum penile health starts before birth when parents make a decision to protect their son from circumcision and to breastfeed him.19
The separation of the foreskin from the glans penis

The separation of the prepuce from the glans penis may occur at any age.7 Separation often starts around age 3-4 but it may not be complete until much later.1 Ballooning of the prepuce while urinating cannot occur until separation is underway. The occurence of ballooning indicates that separation has started.15 Babu et al. have proven that ballooning does not interfere with urination.21 Ballooning is a normal developmental stage and is not a cause for concern and does not require treatment.16 20 A child temporarily may report some discomfort or pain while urinating during this period. This occurs because the ballooning may tear at any residual connection to the glans. The discomfort will stop when separation is complete. The foreskin may still not be retractable at this point because the opening is still narrow. With increased growth and maturity, the ballooning will end when opening of the foreskin widens.
Misunderstandings caused by the 1975 AAP statment

One misunderstanding was inadvertently fostered by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 1975, when it published a statement that said:

"A program of education leading to continuing good personal hygiene would offer all the advantages of circumcision without the attendant surgical risk."3

The doctors on the ad hoc committee who wrote that statement in 1975 knew that poor personal cleanliness is associated with development of penile cancer and showed sound medical judgment in advising against circumcision. But they did not know why because the links between tobacco and penile cancer and between human papilloma virus (HPV) and penile cancer had not yet been discovered.

Later discoveries showed that HPV infection often is a precondition for penile cancer.18 Persons who did not keep their penis clean were more likely to have HPV, and more likely to develop penile cancer. Also, the use of tobacco in any form is a risk factor for the development of penile cancer.12

The 1975 AAP statement has caused many to believe that frequent regular retraction of the foreskin and washing is necessary to prevent disease (especially cancer) in boys.20 However, this is not the case. Boys are not exposed to the risks for penile cancer because they usually do not use tobacco or engage in sexual intercourse. Penile cancer usually is seen only in elderly men. Doctors now recommend that no forcible attempt should be made to retract the foreskin of newborns, infants, and young boys.5 7 8 14 20 Premature attempts to retract the foreskin are ill advised.7 8 The natural protections of the foreskin20 work best when the foreskin is not disturbed. The foreskin usually is non-retractable in the young. Forcible attempts to retract it cause pain and trauma, may result in paraphimosis, and should be avoided.15

In the newborn, infants, and children, only the outside of the foreskin should be washed.7 15 20 The foreskin should never be retracted in the bath because retraction stretches the foreskin sphincter open, allows dirty bathwater to enter and may start infection.19 Retraction of the foreskin in dirty bathwater is not hygenic.

After puberty, however, the sexually active male should wash his penis before and after sexual intercourse. This applies to both circumcised and intact males. Sexually active males may contract HPV through sexual intercourse. Men who use tobacco have carcinogens circulating in the blood and excreted in urine. Washing removes HPV and the carcinogens from tobacco and may help to prevent cancer.12 Of course, it is far better to not use tobacco at all.
When does the foreskin become retractable?

There is no "right" time for the foreskin to become retractable. Two things must happen before the foreskin becomes retractable and each usually takes many years.1

The fusion between the glans penis and the inner surface of the foreskin must become separate.
The narrow tip that prevents retraction must become large enough in diameter to permit retraction.

The time varies widely from individual to individual. Complete separation of the foreskin from the glans may not occur until after puberty.1 20 About 44 percent of boys have a fully retractable prepuce by age 10, by age 16, 90 percent, by age 18, 99 percent.1
Care before puberty

No special care is necessary.7 14

The infant male has a non-retractile self-cleaning foreskin. In most boys no preputial space exists because the foreskin is fused with the glans penis.7 The tip of the foreskin is flushed out several times a day by sterile urine. The protective functions of the foreskin work best if it is left alone and not disturbed.

Parents and caregivers should wash only the outside.7 10 No attempt should be made to retract the foreskin.10 14 15 "Leave it alone" is good advice.7 8 Only the child will know when his foreskin can be retracted without pain and trauma,10 so the first person to retract the foreskin should be the child himself.14 15 20

The foreskin protects the glans penis from the ammonia that is formed by chemical action in the diaper (nappie). One may see some redness of the foreskin from exposure to ammonia while an infant is still in diapers (nappies).15 Frequent diaper changes may prevent this. In severe cases, a protective barrier ointment may be necessary.16 20

In older boys the foreskin may be retractable. Older grammar school boys may be taught to retract their foreskin,7 14 20 rinse the area, and return the foreskin to its normal forward protective position.15 20 If the foreskin is non-retractile, there is no cause for concern. Only the outside needs to be washed.7 10

When visiting the doctor, the doctor should be instructed that the child's foreskin is not to be touched or retracted.10 Parents should remain with the child and physically protect the child from a possible forcible premature retraction by the physician.10
Care after puberty

If the foreskin has not been retractable before puberty, it usually becomes retractable when puberty is complete.1 7 10 15 20

The foreskin keeps the mucosal surfaces moist, emolliated, and maintains optimum health,10 while preventing drying, and keratinization of the mucosa.17 The sub-preputial moisture contains pathogen-fighting substances.17

Washing becomes more important for the sexually active adult male.7 15 After washing, the foreskin should be returned to its normal forward protective position.15 20 If the individual is a smoker, washing removes carcinogens that may be excreted in urine.13 Also, washing removes any accumulation of HPV, the viral carcinogen.
Excessive washing and the use of soap

Apparently, a few adult males wash under their foreskin quite frequently with the use of soap.12 We cannot define excessive washing, but over washing can deplete the natural oils from the mucosa of the inner lining of the foreskin that covers the glans penis.12 Depletion of natural oils causes non-specific dermatitis (NSD) that may be mistaken for balanoposthitis.12 Excessive washing and the use of soap generally should be avoided15 because it may cause balanoposthitis or yeast overgrowth. If soap is used, any residual soap should be rinsed away before the foreskin is returned to its forward protective position.
Penile hygiene for the adult male with a non-retractable foreskin

In one to two percent of males, the foreskin does not spontaneously become retractable. The swirling of the sterile urine under the foreskin usually keeps that area free of smegma buildup.2 Nevertheless, a non-retractile foreskin is listed as a risk factor for penile cancer in the adult male, apparently because removal of HPV and tobacco carcinogens may not be fully accomplished.12 Adult males who have a non-retractile foreskin (phimosis) should consider having their foreskin made retractable. See phimosis for options. Circumcision should be avoided because of pain, trauma, loss of erogenous tissue, and diminished erectile function. If desired, adult males with a non-retractile foreskin may irrigate and flush the sub-preputial cavity with a rubber bulb syringe. Some men healthily and happily live their entire lives with a non-retractile foreskin.15

Library Holdings:

Øster J. Further fate of the foreskin: Incidence of preputial adhesions, phimosis, and smegma among Danish schoolboys. Arch Dis Child 1968;43:200-203.
Parkash S, Jeyakumar K, Subramanya K, et al. Human subpreputial collection: its nature and formation. J Urol 1973;110(2):211-12.
Thompson HC, King LR, Knox E, et al. Report of the ad hoc task force on circumcision. Pediatrics 1975;56(4):610-611.
Lakshmanan S. Prakash S. Human prepuce: some aspects of structure and function. Indian Journal of Surgery 1980;44:134-137.
Osborn LM, Metcalf TJ, Mariani EM. Hygienic care in uncircumcised infants. Pediatrics 1981;67:365-367.
Prakash (sic, Parkash) S, Raghuram R, Venkatesan, et al. Sub-preputial wetness - Its nature. Ann Nat Med Sci (India) 1982;18(3):109-112.
Newborns: Care of the Uncircumcised Penis (pamphlet). Elk Grove Village: American Academy of Pediatrics, 1984.
Watson SJ. Care of uncircumcised penis. Pediatrics 1987;80(5):765.
Coppa GV, Gabrielli O, Giorgi P, et al. Preliminary study of breastfeeding and bacterial adhesion to uroepithelial cells. Lancet 1990;335:569-571.
Peron JE. Care of the intact penis. Midwifery Today (November) 1991; Issue 17:24.
Pisacane A, Graziano L, Mazzarella G, et al. Breast-feeding and urinary tract infection. J Pediatr 1992;120:87-89.
Birley HDL, Luzzi GA, Bell R. Clinical features and management of recurrent balanitis: association with atopy and genital washing. Genitourin Med 1993;69:400-403.
Harish K, Ravi R. The role of tobacco in penile carcinoma. Brit J Urol 1995;75(3):375-377.
Wright JE. Further to the "Further Fate of the Foreskin". Med J Aust 1994;160:134-135.
Questions about your son's intact penis (pamphlet). San Anselmo: NOCIRC, 1997. (Link to www.nocirc.org)
Simpson ET, Barraclough P. The management of the paediatric foreskin. Aust Fam Physician 1998;27(5):381-3.
Fleiss P, Hodges F, Van Howe RS. Immunological functions of the human prepuce. Sex Trans Inf 1998;74:364-367.
zur Hausen H. Papillomaviruses causing cancer: evasion from host-cell control in early events in carcinogenesis. J Natl Cancer Inst 2000;92(9):690-8.
Anonymous. The Effects of Circumcision on Breastfeeding. San Anselmo, CA, National Organization of Circumcision Information Resource Centers: 2002.
Camille CJ, Kuo RL, Wiener JS. Caring for the uncircumcised penis: What parents (and you) need to know. Contemp Pediatr 2002;11:61.
Babu R, Harrison SK, Hutton KA. Ballooning of the foreskin and physiological phimosis: is there any objective evidence of obstructed voiding? BJU Int 2004;94(3):384-7.


Posted 4/28/12

shinto-male wrote:


DeusExMachine wrote:


longfenglim wrote:


shinto-male wrote:




Enjoy your germ colony beneath that monk hood.



https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2155rank.html

you idiots have the highest STD rates in the developed world

Canada 0.3

U.S.A 0.6


Has already been refuted.




8. Immunological defense. The soft mucosa of the inner foreskin produces plasma cells, which secrete immunoglobulin antibodies, and antibacterial and antiviral proteins [7, 14], such as the pathogen-killing enzyme called lysozyme [15 and Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)see explanation]. All of the human mucosa (the linings of the mouth, eyelids, vagina, foreskin and anus) are the body's first line of defense against disease. This benefit of the foreskin could be one possible explanation why intact men are at lower risk of chlamydia and other sexually transmitted diseases [16-21].

9. Langerhans cells. These specialized epithelial cells are a component of the immune system and may play a role in protecting the penis from sexually transmitted infections such as HIV (AIDS) [Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)see explanation and 14-16, 18].







http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1758146/pdf/v074p00368.pdf
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3042320/?tool=pmcentrez
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3042320/pdf/nihms64763.pdf


Though they never could. You're as good as infected if you don't even have the self-respect to be tested side-by-side or even use proper protection with your AIDS-ridden partner, who also likely has The Clap, herpes, and all forms of hepatitis. Plus she's a slut.


i already reported your posts to the moderator



I love you too.
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