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Post Reply Kateikyoshi Japanese lesson
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Posted 2/3/08 , edited 2/3/08
hmm ok! today will be Lesson 1!

so take out a pen and a paper to write it down if you want to
hehe!


Lesson 1 / JUGYO 1:


I - WATASHI / WATAKUSHI

You - ANATA

He - KARE

She - KANOJO

This - KORE

That / it - SORE

That over there - ARE

We - WATASHITACHI / WATAKUSHITACHI

You (plural as in "you people') - ANATAGATA

They (all males or mixed) - KARERA

They (all female) - KANOJORA / KANOJOTACHI

They (neutral) [for objects] - SORERA

Good morning. (informal) - OHAYO

Good morning. (formal) - OHAYO GOZAIMASU

Hello. / Good day. / Good afternoon - KONNICHIWA

Good evening. - KONBAN WA

Good night. - OYASUMI NASAI

Good bye. - SAYONARA

Please - ONEGAI SHIMASU / KUDASAI

Thank you. (informal) - ARIGATO

Thank you. (formal) - DOMO ARIGATO

Your're welcome. / Don't mention it - DO ITASHIMASHITE

Yes - HAI

No - IIE

Mr. / Mrs. / Miss. - SAN

Mr. Smith / Mrs. Smith - SUMISU SAN




'Ohayoo" is used before 10 or 11 a.m. "Konnichi wa" is used between 10 or 11 a.m and 5 or 6 p.m. or dark. "konban wa" is used after 5 p.m. or after dark. These expressions are greetings and should be used when you meet someone, but not when you leave.



The word "kudasai" does not really mean "please". This word often attached to certain forms ofverbs to make polite requests. In this manner it functions as the Japanese equivalent of "please". It is also used after nouns to request things. The word "kudasai"is not used alone. The phrase "onegai shimasu" (L. make a request.) differs slighly in that it can be use alone and is a little more polite.



The Japanese language and The Japanese culture are tied together. It is not possible to learn to speak Japanese fluently without understanding some details of Japanese culture. In order to use the correct grammatical category (such as "honorific", "neutral", or "humble"), it is neccessary to know the relative social status of the speaker (first person), the listener (second person) and the person referred to (third person). This is necessary because the pronouns "i" (watashi), "you" (anata), "he" (kare), "she" (kanojo), "we" (watashitachi), "you people" (anatagata) and "they" (karera) are usually not used. Instead, the Japanese often understand who is being referred to base on the appropriate grammatical category used which is directly related to their social status. Different grammatical categories are used to refer to or talk to people of higher, lower or equal social status. However these pronounse will be used when there is any question about whom a sentence is referring to.




In the Japanese language, there are 2 levels of formality ('formal" and informal") and 3 level of deference ("honorific', "plain or neutral" and "humble") These work independent of each other. The level of formality which is used depends on the formality of the situation. The level of deference expresses how the speaker feels in relation to the person he is talking to or about. "honorific" is used to talk to or about people in a social status higher than the speaker. "neutral" is used to talk to or about associates or equals and "humble" is used to humble one's own status in the presence of others. In this text, the "formal, neutral" forms of words will usually be used. This is a good "safe" way for a student of japanese to start. A student of Japanese should be able to use that "formal, neutral" form without offending people or appearing absued
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Posted 2/3/08
huh? i tot kanojo is girlfriend
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lol ~ don't think so it was in my japanese book~~

Girlfriend is Garufurendo xD
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Posted 2/3/08
wow thanks! can i post other jap stuff here too?
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Posted 2/3/08
hmm pm me and tell me
=D
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26 / M / The Cursed Place..~♫
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Posted 2/5/08
Woman- Onna
Man- Otoko

watashi imei Kiru omaesan
私はあなたを殺したいです

頭部を切り開きたいと思う。

死ぬべきである

I wan't More Lesson Teach me.~
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Posted 2/5/08
cool...thx 4 da lesson. knw i can learn japanese language Arigato!!!!!!!
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haha yea i will dont worry hehe! i will update every week here i guess. xD
Posted 2/5/08
Mother - Okasan

Father - Otosan

Aunt - Oba-san

Uncle - Oji-san

Grandmother - Obaa-san

Grandfather - Ojii-san
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Posted 2/6/08
learning more is more fun
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Posted 2/9/08
Ok, today is lesson 2, Enjoy!

Lesson 2 / JUGYO 2


Basic Phrases / BESHIKKUFUREZU


A ticket - KIPPU


May i have a ticket / ticket please. - KIPPU KUDASAI.


A want / a desire / a wish - HOSHII


Is wanted / is desired - HOSHII DESU


I want a ticket. / A ticket is desired. - KIPPU O HOSHII DESU


I want a ticket. [L. I, ticket, is desired.] - WATASHE WA KIPPU O HOSHII DESU


Is not desired. - HOSHIKU WA NAI DESU


i don't want a ticket. - WATASHI WA KIPPU O HOSHIKU WA NAI DESU


It's a ticket. / That's a ticket. - SORE WA KIPPU DESU


It is a ticket? / is that a ticket? - SORE WA KIPPU DESU KA


Where? - DOKO


Where is (it)? / Where is...? - DOKO DESU KA.


A bank - GINKO


Where is the bank? - GINKO WA DOKO DESU KA


Where is the toilet? - OTEARAI WA DOKO DESU KA.


How much - IKURA


How much it is? / How much is...? - IKURA DESU KA.


How much is the ticket? - KIPPU WA IKURA DESU KA


how many - IKUTSU


time / hour / o'clock - JI


What time / What hour? - NAN JI.


At what time? - NAN JI NI.


to have / to exist (for inanimate objects) - ARIMASU


Do you have...? / Does (it) exist? [L. ... exists?] - ARIMASU KA.


water - MIZU


Do you have water? / does water exists? - MIZU GA ARIMASU KA.


I understand. - WATASHI WA WAKARIMASU. / WAKARIMASU.


I don't understand. - WATASHI WA WAKARIMASEN. / WAKARIMASEN.


Do you understand? - ANATA WA WAKARIMASEN / WAKARIMASUKA



Negatives are usually formed by changing the endings of the verbs. Notice the difference Between "wakarimasu" (understand)
and "wakarimasen" (don't understand).


Question marks are not use in Japanese. The word "ka" is the Japanese equivalent of a question mark ("?").
In most cases, statements can be changed into questions By adding the word "ka" to the end of the statement.

In Japanese, "particles" or "relationals" such as "wa", "ga" and "o" are used to connect words or phrases to other parts of the sentence.Particles also show grammatical funstions (subject, direct object, etc.) of words or phrases in a sentence. For example, in the sentence "watashi wa kippu o hoshigarimasen." (I don't want a ticket.) the particle "wa" identifies "watashi" (I) as the topic of the sentence.The particle "o" identifies the word "kippu" (ticket) as the direct object of the verb "hoshigarimasen" (desire does not exist). These particles always follow the words which they refer to.


The Japanese word "desu" is called a "copula". it has various meanings but can usually be translated as "is" or "equals". Japanese sentences are often difficult to translate literally into english. For example, the sentence "I would like a ticket," (watashi wa kippo hoshii desu.) can be more or less translated like this:



Watashi wa kippu o hoshii desu
(I) (relational) (ticket) (relational) (want, desired) (is)



In the above example, the relational "wa" identifies "watashi" as the topic of the sentence, and the relational "o" identifies 'kippu" as the object of the verb.

The particle "ga" identifies the word preceding it as the grammatical subject for a sentence. The word preceding "ga" is the word which is emphasized in a sentence.
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Posted 2/9/08
ME TOO...
i'll teach you guys...
i have a Japanese Book too....

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Posted 2/9/08
Extra Lesson 1 :: Counting Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers

Hajime Mashite

Watashi wa jenzeena desu

Dozo Yoroshiku


Let's start with counting Cardinal Numbers....

Zero - Zero/Maru
One - Ichi
Two - Ni
Three - San
Four - Yon/Shi
Five - Go
Six - Roku
Seven - Shichi/Nana
Eight - Hachi
Nine - Ku/Kyu
Ten - Ju

Eleven - Ju Ichi
Twelve - Ju Ni

as you can see you will just add "Ju" then the primary number and it's already 11 and 12
so in

10-19 you add the word JU
20-29 you add the word Niju
30-39 you add the word Sanju
40-49 you add the word Yonju
50-59 you add the word Goju
60-69 you add the word Rokuju
70-79 you add the word Shichiju/Nanaju
80-89 you add the word Hachiju
90-99 you add the word Kuju/Kyuju
one hundred - Hyaku
two hundred - Ni Hyaku

as you can see Ni is first than Hyaku... that's how you write it in Hundreds to billions

Thousands - Sen
Ten Thousands - Ichi man
Hundred Thousands - Ju man
Millions - Hyaku man
Billions - Sen man


Next is counting Ordinal Numbers....

First - Dai Ichi
Second - Dai Ni
Third - Dai San
Fourth - Dai yon/Dai shi
Fifth - Dai go

As you can see i just added "Dai"
This means if you memorize Cardinal Numbers you just "Dai" to them
and they are already Ordinal Numbers

Ordinal Numbers could also be written as follows:

First - Ichi ban no
Second - Ni ban no
Third - San ban no

This means you can just add "ban no" in the end of the number and it will be a cardinal number


That's enough for now...
Practice it so that you will memorize them if you want to learn to Speak Japanese...


If I have spare time i'll try to Help naoyakun in Translating and Teaching All of you Japanese

Mata oai shimasho.
(See you again)
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Posted 2/9/08
Thanks jenzeena!! =p

anyway, i add something on,

The word desu is the rough translation of the english verb "to be" The past tense and negative forms of "to be" don't follow the common conjugation for verbs, and are list below. When you use "to be" in any form, particles such as wa and ga are dropped:


Present , Present Negative
Desu , ja arimasen

(I'm) a student. Gakusei desu (Student am)



Anyway info for lesson 3

*Next lesson will be,

Lesson 3 / JUGYO 3
Transportation Nouns / NORIMONO NO MEISHI


Enjoy !!

xD
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Posted 2/9/08
GUYS

Be ready for my Extra Lesson 2

Of course Made by me

jenzeena

Just for You guys.. ^^


THE OTHER LESSONS ARE IN THE NEXT PAGE
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