Post Reply #NEW#Lesson 6: Introduction to Verbs ~unfinished
Creator
1946 cr points
Send Message: Send PM GB Post
27 / M / NJ
Offline
Posted 2/12/08 , edited 2/12/08
Introduction Verbs

Just like in any other language, the Japanese use verbsk, and in turn, those verbs have conjugations(oh the dreaded conjugations!).

In this lesson, I'm only going to introduce you to the "dictionary form," and the formal form.


First, let us look at the "To do" verb.

Informal/Dictionary Form
Suru ー する

Suru(soo-roo) - This is in the dictionary form, meaning that the verb is in its simplest form when found in a dictionary.

Now, this verb is an irregular verb. If you ever learned another language before, you would know that "irregular verbs" don't follow the regular rules of conjugation. By conjugation I mean that when you change the meaning to Past Tense or Future Tense etc.etc., you have to change the form of the verb. Since this is an irregular verb, it follows a unique conjugation route. (You'll see what I mean by "regular" conjugation when we get to other verbs.

The dictionary form is used on more informal situations, and there's a more formal version of the word "Suru".


Formal Form
Shimasu - します

This is the formal form used when talking to older people in general. ~It has the same meaning as the dictionary form version.


MEANING

In Japanese, the dictionary form and the formal form is both used for the present tense, and the future tense! It might sound confusing(it WILL sound confusing), but you'll get used to it.

Examples:

~NOT FINISHED
Member
4009 cr points
Send Message: Send PM GB Post
F / Fanfiction.net an...
Offline
Posted 6/4/08
Thanks for the info!

I hope this will be finished soon!!
7170 cr points
Send Message: Send PM GB Post
22 / F / Luffy's Pirate Ship
Offline
Posted 6/5/08
ya when will this lesson be finished? can u plz finish it soon
Member
9557 cr points
Send Message: Send PM GB Post
F
Offline
Posted 9/23/08
let me try to help...

verb taberu (to eat)
present/future + tabemasu
present/future - tabemasen
past + tabemashita
past - tabemasendeshita
te from tabete
Member
45 cr points
Send Message: Send PM GB Post
27 / M / Germany, Rhinelan...
Offline
Posted 10/28/08 , edited 10/28/08
AFAIK verbs get confusing if there are more then just main-verb, not sure about it though.

Others:

Kaeru (infinitive)  かえる >back< (I think as in "back" home)  *
kaeri-masu (present/future +)
kaeri-masen (present/future -)
kaeri-mashita (past +)
kaeri-masendeshita (past -)

Iku (Infinitive) いく >drive/go< *
Iki-masu (present/future +)
Iki-masen (present/future -)
Iki-mashita (past +)
Iki-masendeshita (past -)

*:
Could be, Im translating it wrong, since Im actually german (meaning learning out of a german-japanese book)
which, is hard to translate after not fully understanding the whole thing myself.
You must be logged in to post.