Following from earlier comments on its nods to Akira, Matt Duffer notes a connection to Elfen Lied
Though it's scheduled for October, hype is already starting to heat up for season two of Netflix's sci-fi horror Stranger Things. Twin creators Matt Duffer and Ross Duffer, aka The Duffer Brothers, were born in 1984, which puts them in a nice age to have caught a fair amount of anime. And, in fact, beyond Stranger Things' homages to 80s American culture, they say that it was also inspired by Japanese media.
Following from earlier comments on its nods to Akira, Matt Duffer notes a connection to Elfen Lied, the 2004 anime adaptation of Lynn Okamoto's Diclonii, mutants with horns and telekinetic vector arms.
But then weirdly it’s like, I haven't seen it for a long time. More recently I had seen an anime called Elfen Lied that is clearly inspired by Akira. And that was really influential. When I watched it I thought it felt like an ultraviolent E.T. There were a lot of things in there that I really liked and that made their way into the show, particularly related to the character of Eleven.